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abbot

abbot  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Aram., Syr., abba, ‘father’).The head of a Christian monastic community, especially in the Benedictine or Cistercian traditions. The term is used in translation for the head of communities in ...
Agnes of Bohemia

Agnes of Bohemia  

Foundress and first abbess of the Franciscan (poor Clare) nuns (d. c.1282). A descendant of Duke Wenceslaus, daughter of Ottokar I king of Bohemia and his Hungarian royal wife, Agnes from early ...
Caedmon

Caedmon  

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Literature
(7th century), Anglo-Saxon monk and poet, said to have been an illiterate herdsman inspired in a vision to compose poetry on biblical themes. The only authentic fragment of his work is a song in ...
Caeremoniale Episcoporum

Caeremoniale Episcoporum  

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Religion
In the RC Church, the book ordering the liturgical celebrations of a bishop. The Caeremoniale Episcoporum issued in 1600, with some changes, remained in force until the Second Vatican Council ...
canoness

canoness  

The name was first used in the 8th cent. of communities of women who lived in common but did not renounce their property. They were later known as ‘secular canonesses’ and are now extinct. After the ...
Catherine of Bologna

Catherine of Bologna  

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Religion
Franciscan abbess (1413–63).Artist and writer as well as a saint, Catherine is an impressive example of a specially gifted and devout later medieval woman. She was born at Bologna, the daughter of a ...
Chelles

Chelles  

A royal abbey situated in the Marne valley. In c.511, Clovis I's wife Clothilde founded a church dedicated to St George in this royal villa. Clovis II's wife Bathilde founded ...
Clare of Montefalco

Clare of Montefalco  

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Religion
(d. 1308),Augustinian nun. At an early age she joined a community of Franciscan hermits, whom the bishop of Spoleto refounded as Augustinians. In 1291 she became abbess. She was famous for her total ...
Essen

Essen  

A town in Westphalia, it came into being in 850 around a Benedictine women's monastery founded by Bishop Altfrid of Hildesheim, near the Benedictine monastery of Werden. The monastery soon ...
Fontevraud

Fontevraud  

In France, the site of a major Benedictine abbey of the 11th and 12th centuries; Henry II of England, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and their son Richard I are buried there.
Hedwig

Hedwig  

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Religion
(c.1174–1243),duchess of Silesia. Born at Andechs (Bavaria), the daughter of count Berthold, she lived as a child in the monastery of Kitzingen. At the age of twelve she married Henry, future duke of ...
Helfta

Helfta  

The celebrated monastery Beatae Mariae Virginis (of the Blessed Virgin Mary) at Helfta (active from 1229 to 1545), erected by Count Burchard of Mansfeld near the castle of the Mansfelds ...
Héloise

Héloise  

(1101–64)Raised at the convent of Argenteuil, Heloise arrived in Paris (c.1115) to live with her uncle, Fulbert of Chartres, and soon fell under the sway of Peter Abelard, who ...
Herford

Herford  

Herford is a town in Westphalia south-east of Osnabrück. Originally, it was a monastery of Benedictine nuns founded c.789 in Carolingian Saxony. Refounded in 823 on the model of Notre-Dame ...
Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen  

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Religion
(b Bemersheim, 1098; d Rupertsberg, 1179).Ger. abbess, mystic, and writer. Took veil at 15. Became superior at Benedictine monastery of Disibodenberg 1136. c.1147 founded monastery on the ...
Hortus Deliciarum

Hortus Deliciarum  

The astonishing illustrated Encyclopedia entitled Hortus deliciarum was composed by Abbess Herrade of Landsberg († 1195), who exercised her office at Hohenburg, on St Odile's Mount. We know very ...
Hucbald of Saint-Amand

Hucbald of Saint-Amand  

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Music
(b nr. Tournai, c.840; d Saint‐Amand, Tournai, 930).Fr. monk, remembered for his treatise De harmonica institutione (? c.880) which describes the gamut and the modes.
Jouarre

Jouarre  

Forced to leave his abbey of Luxeuil by his conflict with Brunhilde, St Columbanus halted shortly after 610 at Vulviacum (Ussy-sur-Marne), with the great landowner Autharius. The latter's three sons ...
Las Huelgas

Las Huelgas  

The royal monastery of Las Huelgas, founded in c.1180 by King Alfonso VIII of Castile at the request of his wife Eleanor of England, was built in the outskirts of ...
Lioba

Lioba  

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Religion
(d. 782),abbess of Bischofsheim. Born of a noble Wessex family (her mother was a relative of Boniface), Lioba was educated first at the nunnery of Minster-in-Thanet and then at Wimborne (Dorset), ...

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