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abacus

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abaciscus

abaciscus  

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1 Small abacus or abaculus.2 Square border enclosing part or the entire pattern of a mosaic.3 Tessera or abaculus in a mosaic.4 Small tile.
abuse

abuse  

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1 Violation of established uses in Classical architecture.2 Corruption of form. Abuses according to Palladio included brackets, consoles, or modillions supporting (or seeming to support) a major ...
architrave

architrave  

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The lowest of the three main parts of an entablature that rests on the abacus of a column. The term is used more loosely to describe the moulded frame that surrounds a door or window. It can also be ...
Bassae Order

Bassae Order  

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Greek Ionic Order with a capital similar to an angular capital, that is with volutes on all sides, but with a high curved join between the volutes set under an abacus. Developed by C. R. Cockerell ...
Byzantine architecture

Byzantine architecture  

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The Byzantine, or Eastern Roman, Empire, began with the foundation of Constantinople (formerly Byzantium) in ad 324 and ended with its capture by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. The Byzantine style began ...
canal

canal  

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1 Channel, gutter, or pipe to convey any liquid, usually water.2 Long, narrow, artificially created water-course for the ornamentation of a park, or for inland navigation.3 Flute in the shaft of a ...
capital

capital  

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The upper part of a column or pilaster set above the shaft. Each of the classical architectural Orders has a distinctive capital.
caryatid

caryatid  

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A carved female figure, usually clad in long robes, serving as a column. They were first used in Greek architecture and the most famous caryatids are on the Erechtheum at Athens (c.421–406 bc). The ...
Corinthian Order

Corinthian Order  

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Classical Order of architecture, the third of the Greek Orders and the fourth of the Roman. Slender and elegant, it consists of a base (usually of the Attic type, often with further enrichment, or a ...
Doric

Doric  

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Relating to or denoting a classical order of architecture characterized by a plain, sturdy column and a thick square abacus resting on a rounded moulding.
dosseret

dosseret  

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1 Supplementary cubical block or super-abacus, often taller than the capital itself, placed over an abacus of Early Christian, Byzantine, and Romanesque capitals, really an impost-block from which ...
echinus

echinus  

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Plain circular cushion-like convex moulding between the abacus and annulets of the Greek Doric capital, between the abacus and hypotrachelium of the Tuscan and Roman Doric Orders, and beneath the ...
entablature

entablature  

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[Co]A term to cover all the horizontal stonework resting on a row of columns, including the architrave (the lowest member), the frieze, and the cornice at the top.
fleuron

fleuron  

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A decorative carved or painted floral pattern, square in shape, employed in Gothic architecture. The fleuron was also used for decorative borders and to embellish frames. In addition, it is often ...
helix

helix  

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(pl. helices).1 Small volute or urilla under the abacus of the Corinthian capital, of which there are 16 (2 at each angle, and 2 on each face) connected to the stalks. According to some authorities ...
horn

horn  

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1 Ionic, Composite, or Corinthian volute, but especially Ionic.2 Strong-stemmed projections ending in stiff leaves commonly found on C13 Gothic capitals or crockets.3 Projection at each corner of an ...
Ionic order

Ionic order  

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Classical Order of architecture, the second Greek and the third Roman. It is primarily identified by its capital, with its rolled-up cushion-like form on either side creating the distinctive volutes. ...
plinth

plinth  

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[Co]Projecting course at the foot of a wall or the stone base of an altar or similar ornamental or ceremonial structure.
quadrifrons

quadrifrons  

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1 Sculptured form, such as an Ancient Egyptian Hathor-headed capital, with four heads of the goddess joined at the sides and backs, facing outwards in four directions at the top of the shaft and ...
Roman Doric order

Roman Doric order  

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A slender, more ornate version of Greek Doric. What they have in common are triglyphs in the frieze, mutules in the soffit of the corona and guttae below the taenia ...

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