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Alexian Brothers and Nuns

Alexian Brothers and Nuns  

A religious community specifically devoted to caring for the sick, with special attention to the dying. The order traces its origins to the Beghard communities of the Low Countries, particularly ...
archaeology: Germany and Austria

archaeology: Germany and Austria  

1. Introduction2. The early MA and the Carolingian period3. The high MA1. Introduction2. The early MA and the Carolingian period3. The high MA1. IntroductionIn Germany and ...
architecture, Civil

architecture, Civil  

Civil architecture includes public buildings and private dwellings, but excludes military constructions and rural architecture. Important public buildings comprised essentially imperial and royal ...
art and architecture: Carolingian

art and architecture: Carolingian  

Literally, art and architecture produced in areas ruled by a monarch of the Carolingian dynasty. Geographically, while borders were somewhat fluid, this usually included western Germany, the Low ...
art and architecture: Ottonian

art and architecture: Ottonian  

As befits a term derived from the political sphere, Ottonian art and architecture refers to those buildings and works of art produced in the Germanic lands (and surrounding areas) that ...
Austrasia

Austrasia  

Eastern kingdom of the Rhineland (‘Ripuarian’) Franks, in what today is northeastern France, western Germany, Belgium, and Luxembourg. In the early 6th century the Merovingian king Clovis I ...
Battle for Germany

Battle for Germany  

(1945) the final European campaign of World War II, won by the 4-million-strong Allied army, under the leadership of Supreme Allied Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower. Despite disagreement over tactics, ...
battle of Huertgen Forest

battle of Huertgen Forest  

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Overview Page
Clearance by Hodges's First US Army, started in September 1944, of three evergreen woods, the Wenau, Huertgen, and Roetgen at the start of the battle for Germany. Situated in a ...
building materials

building materials  

GreekIn its developed stages Greek architecture was based on the use of finely dressed stone masonry, mainly limestone. Where available, white marble was used for the finest structures. Transport ...
canons regular

canons regular  

A body of canons living under rule which originated in the 11th cent. In the 12th cent. they largely adopted the Rule of St Augustine and have come to be known as Augustinian Canons (q.v.).
capitulary

capitulary  

A Carolingian legal document recording administrative procedures or legislation enacted at the annual assembly. Charlemagne issued three types of capitularies: capitula missorum, administrative ...
Carolingian Renaissance

Carolingian Renaissance  

What is designated the Carolingian Renaissance took place during the reign of Charlemagne, and was characterized by a rebirth of classical learning inspired by Alcuin and Theodulf of Orléans. ...
Carolingians

Carolingians  

The Carolingian family left its direct mark on history from the early 7th c. until 987. In a first stage, it had acquired the political responsibilities that gradually made it ...
chapel

chapel  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A place for worship, in a church, in honour of particular saints. Chapels are sometimes erected as separate buildings.
Charlemagne

Charlemagne  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(Latin Carolus Magnus, Charles the Great) (742–814) King of the Franks (768–814) and Holy Roman emperor (as Charles I) (800–14). He created an empire by conquering and Christianizing the Saxons ...
Charles the Bald

Charles the Bald  

[Na]Frankish leader, born ad 823, youngest son of Louis the Pious. King of the West Franks who outlived his brothers and many of their heirs to become emperor in ad 875. He died in ad 877.
Claudius

Claudius  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. after 827), Bp. of Turin from c.817. He made a series of attacks on image-worship, relics, the adoration of the Cross, and every visible sign of Christ's life, as well as on pilgrimages and the ...
Dafnis

Dafnis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A pastiche of baroque poetry published by A. Holz in 1904. The work is described as ‘Des berühmten Schäffers Dafnis sälbst verfärtigte, sämbtliche Freß-, Sauff- und Venus-Lieder benebst angehänckten ...
Doctrine of the Two Swords

Doctrine of the Two Swords  

The theologico-political theory of the Two Swords can be understood as the exegetical corroboration of the Gelasian theory of two separate but co-equal powers: ‘the sacred authority of the priesthood ...
earl of Cornwall Richard

earl of Cornwall Richard  

B. 5 Jan. 1209, 2nd s. of John and Isabella; cr. earl of Cornwall 1227; elected king of the Romans 1257; m. (1) Isabella, da. of William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, and wid. of Gilbert de Clare, earl ...

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