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American Notes for General Circulation

Travel account by Dickens, published in 1842. Dickens visited the U.S. (Jan.–May 1842) in a tour that took him from Boston and New York to Canada and as far west as St. Louis. His book is ...

Mooney, James David

Mooney, James David (1884–1957)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
2,461 words

...post and set up a consulting firm, J.D. Mooney Associates, in New York, working with this firm until the time of his death. As well as his work, Mooney is noted for a single book, Onward Industry! The Principles of Organization and Their Significance to Modern Industry , later reprinted simply as Principles of Organization . The book is co-written with Alan C. Reilley ; in the foreword Mooney notes that he himself had long been considering the ideas in the book and was about to start writing when he fell into a discussion with Reilley and realized the latter...

Monetary Policy, Federal

Monetary Policy, Federal   Reference library

John A. James

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
2,473 words

...Reserve System. To replace the circulation of heterogeneous state banknotes with a uniform currency and simultaneously increase the demand for government bonds, the National Banking Acts of 1863–1864 established a national banking system. Banks with national charters were allowed to issue banknotes backed by U.S. government bonds. Initially relatively few state-chartered banks were interested in converting to national charters. Only the imposition in 1865 of a 10 percent tax on state banks’ notes in circulation prompted a mass conversion to national...

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