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American Notes for General Circulation

Travel account by Dickens, published in 1842. Dickens visited the U.S. (Jan.–May 1842) in a tour that took him from Boston and New York to Canada and as far west as St. Louis. His book is ...

physiology — history

physiology — history   Reference library

Tilly Tansey

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,750 words

...circulation and secretion. A man of great ingenuity, he invented the kymograph ( 1849 ), the mercurial blood pump ( 1859 ), the stream gauge ( 1867 ), and devised a method of maintaining the circulation in isolated organs ( 1865 ). Krogh, Schack August Steenberg ( 1874–1949 ). Danish physiologist . Krogh was appointed professor of zoological physiology in Copenhagen in 1908 . His researches included the chemical regulation of respiration, the pH of blood, the oxygen consumption of tissues, and the chemical changes in muscle. He is best known, however, for...

cardiology — history

cardiology — history   Reference library

Arthur H. Crisp

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
3,873 words

...pores in the septum and so great was his influence that this and other errors were stoutly upheld for the next 1400 years. The High Renaissance led to excellent work by Italian anatomists such as de Capri , Vesalius , Colombo , and Fabricius , who described coronary arteries and the valves in the veins. Circulation of the blood In 1628 came the outstandingly important discovery by William Harvey outlined in his book De motu cordis , of the circulation of the blood. By observations in living men showing the direction of blood flow in the veins, on...

Spanish-speaking countries

Spanish-speaking countries   Reference library

Alberto Portera-Sanchez, Antonio Carreras, Pedro Ponce, and Ricardo Rangel

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
4,090 words

...Christianity, the fall of the Church, and the errors of the Holy Trinity. His claim to scientific fame is his description of the pulmonary circulation, present in many manuscripts such as the Restitutio and written in Paris in 1546 . When Harvey was writing in 1628 the technical description of the main circulation in his De motu cordis he traveled to Padua to study Servet's writings. In numerous notes Servet discussed concepts as complex as the ‘tyranny of sex’, ‘the feeling of guilt’, ‘habit forming’, and ‘sociability’. Accused by Calvin as...

music

music   Reference library

Robin Higgins

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,849 words

... Professor Ernest Starling in London for two years. He was appointed to the chair of physiology at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1924 and four years later was given a research chair at McGill. Babkin was a talented musician and composer; his earliest composition at the age of 15 was, appropriately enough for a physiologist, ‘The Pussy Cat Gavotte’. Billroth, Christian Albert Theodor ( 1829–94 ). German surgeon . After an unsuccessful attempt at general practice in Berlin he went to Vienna for further study, being appointed assistant...

Zoology

Zoology   Reference library

Jenna Tonn

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...museums. Founded in 1786 , Charles Willson Peale’s museum in Philadelphia displayed North American specimens, notably an American mastodon skeleton and an extensive collection of American birds. Ornithology was the most popular zoological tradition at this time, supported by networks of private collectors like Peale and the circulation of illustrated natural history works such as John James Audubon’s Birds of America ( 1827–1838 ). Chiefly self-trained, many American naturalists remained in step with their European counterparts, using natural theology and...

Religion And Science

Religion And Science   Reference library

Ronald L. Numbers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...been the embrace of an amorphous “spirituality” by large segments of the public, scientists and laypersons alike. In a recent study of “Religion among Academic Scientists,” the American sociologist Elaine Howard Ecklund discovered that 34 percent of the nearly 1,700 scientists surveyed identified with atheism and 30 percent with agnosticism. (The contrasting figures for the general public were 2 and 4 percent, respectively.) The truly surprising finding was the high level of spirituality among scientists, with roughly two-thirds of them describing themselves...

Use of Wearable Activity Trackers for Physical Activity Promotion

Use of Wearable Activity Trackers for Physical Activity Promotion   Reference library

Nicola D. Ridgers and Samuel K. Lai

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...strategies may be required at certain time points to maintain the use of the technology. It is important to note, however, that some concerns have been raised in the use of wearable activity trackers for physical activity promotion ( Rich & Miah, 2017 ), which has implications for intervention design. It has been argued that such technologies focus on the outcome recorded rather than the behavior itself, which may reduce motivation for physical activity engagement and negatively impact health behaviors ( Kosma & Buchanan, 2018 ). In adolescents, ...

The Roles of Psychological Stress, Physical Activity, and Dietary Modifications on Cardiovascular Health Implications

The Roles of Psychological Stress, Physical Activity, and Dietary Modifications on Cardiovascular Health Implications   Reference library

Chun-Jung Huang, Matthew J. McAllister, and Aaron L. Slusher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
12,608 words
Illustration(s):
2

...D. (2010). Saturated fat and cardiometabolic risk factors, coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes: A fresh look at the evidence. Lipids , 45 (10), 893–905. Mozaffarian, D. (2016, January 12). Dietary and Policy Priorities for Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, and Obesity: A Comprehensive Review. Circulation , 133 (2), 187–225. Nabkasorn, C. , Miyai, N. , Sootmongkol, A. , Junprasert, S. , Yamamoto, H. , Arita, M. , & Miyashita, K. (2006). Effects of physical exercise on depression, neuroendocrine stress hormones and physiological fitness in...

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