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American Notes for General Circulation

Travel account by Dickens, published in 1842. Dickens visited the U.S. (Jan.–May 1842) in a tour that took him from Boston and New York to Canada and as far west as St. Louis. His book is ...

Media

Media   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Burrows and his American colleagues for encouraging Archbishop Athanasius Yeshue Samuel to leave Palestine with his scrolls (in direct violation of British Mandatory antiquities laws) and for being “non-cooperative” in sharing details about the scrolls with other scholars. [ See biography of Samuel .] Questions of Authenticity. Through 1949 , disputes over scholarly priority gradually gave way to enthusiastic reports about the antiquity and historical value of the scrolls. For the most part, these reports faithfully conveyed the general scholarly consensus,...

Masada

Masada   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...special room set aside in a synagogue for the storage of tattered or faulty copies of holy books, which had become unfit for use in public worship. They were taken out of circulation but were saved from desecration. The most famous example of a rich repository of this kind is the Cairo Genizah. [See Cairo Genizah .] If Yadin's conjecture is correct, this would imply that the holy scrolls of Deuteronomy and Ezekiel at Masada had become tattered through handling over an appreciably long period. Since they were unfit for cultic use, they were deposited in...

Qumran

Qumran   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...of the nonsectarian works emulate biblical models to various degrees. This tendency is particularly pronounced in the Hebrew texts. Extant are Hebrew texts that rework the four major parts of the Hebrew scriptures: the Pentateuch, Former Prophets, Latter Prophets, and Psalms. As for the Aramaic works, most of them also are inspired by biblical genres or situations, but in a more general way. Reworked Pentateuch. This group includes texts that range from fragments reworking the biblical text more or less closely, such as the Reworked Pentateuch (4Q158,...

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