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mascaron

Representation of a human or partly human face, more or less caricatured, used as an architectural ornament, e.g. on a keystone over an arch.

mascaron

mascaron   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
14 words

... A decorative grotesque mask, usually found over a door or a...

mascaron

mascaron   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
26 words

... Representation of a human or partly human face, more or less caricatured, used as an architectural ornament, e.g. on a keystone over an...

Mascaron

Mascaron   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
74 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . Decorative grotesque mask, in architecture over a door or fountain and in furniture on gilt-bronze mounts. The Espagnolette is a type of mascaron. Wood-carvings of a burgher and a mascaron on the staircase of the Rathaus, Bremen, Germany, 1620 Erich Lessing / Art Resource, NY C. D’Onofrio : Fountains of Rome , F.M.R. Mag. , lxxxi (Aug 1996), pp. 50–66 G. Manganelli : The Many Faces of Water , F.M.R. Mag , lxxxi (Aug 1996), pp....

Mascaron, Jules

Mascaron, Jules (1634–1703)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
110 words

..., Jules ( 1634–1703 ). Court preacher under Louis XIV and, like Massillon , an Oratorian . Between the mid‐1660s and the mid‐1690s he gave no fewer than six Advent and four Lent series of sermons before the king. He was also a popular funeral orator, best remembered for his orations for Anne d'Autriche ( 1666 ) and Turenne ( 1676 ). Only the latter was published in his lifetime; and since a mere selection of his work was posthumously printed on the basis of notes, his reputation rests largely on the good opinion of his contemporaries, notably...

mascaron

mascaron noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
17 words

... noun M17 French (from Italian mascherone , from maschera mask). Decorative Arts A grotesque face or...

mask

mask   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
38 words

...1. Representation of a human, animal, or fantastic face used in architectural ornament, often part of grotesque decoration. See mascaron . 2. Label-stop ( 2 ) carved to resemble a head, called head- or mask- stop....

Espagnolette

Espagnolette   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
54 words

.... Term used in English in two unrelated senses. It can denote either the hinged fastening of a French window or a type of Mascaron , specifically a female head surrounded by a stiff ruff, widely used as a motif in French Régence and Louis XV furniture, notably by Charles Cressent (e.g. commode, c. 1730 ; London, Wallace...

bouquetière

bouquetière   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
60 words

...the French for an arranger and seller of flowers, it was a form of glass bowl in late 18th- and early 19th-century France, being a revival of an early Venetian type which had a flared, wide mouth and a wavy-edged brim. It was mounted on a stem and foot and often decorated with mascarons and fluting...

Oratorians (Congrégation de l'Oratoire)

Oratorians (Congrégation de l'Oratoire)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
216 words

...cause of disturbance was Jansenism : a small minority (starting with Quesnel , Soanen , and Duguet ) made the whole order suspect and long caused it much anxiety. By the time of its suppression ( 1792 ), the Oratorians had given to French religious and intellectual life Mascaron , Malebranche , Massillon , Thomassin , and Lamy . [ John Renwick...

Ganymede Painter

Ganymede Painter (c.330–c. 320bc)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
380 words

...vases) instead of an eagle. Presumably a representation of a blissful afterlife (given the context and the elaborate floral setting of the scene), it may hold a message of funerary symbolism. Indeed most of the Ganymede Painter’s vases, including many volute kraters with mascarons on the handles and characteristically elaborate neck decoration, were evidently destined for funerary use. Among his subjects, scenes depicting grave shrines ( naiskoi ) predominate, for example the main scene on his name vase. The idea of death is also present in his few other...

Drentwett

Drentwett   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
546 words

...and the ends of the cross-guard in the form of lions, the bodies of which extend from cartilage ornament, holding in their paws cartouches with the arms of the Palatinate and the house of Wittelsbach. The sheath is completely covered with cartilage ornament with pinna and mascarons. Abraham Drentwett II ( 1647–1729 ), son of Abraham Drentwett I , was a goldsmith, wax modeller and designer of ornament, his work being published in several series of engravings. His masterpieces include the silver gilt case of a table clock ( c. 1680–83 ; Vienna, Schatzkam....

Cartography

Cartography   Reference library

Tom Conley

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,574 words

...matter is facetiously and unsettlingly oneiric. The cartouche containing the title of Nicolas Tassin’s Carte générale de toutes les costes de France ( 1634 ), a series of carefully delineated maps of the coastline from the Pyrenees to Picardy, is surrounded by a griffin-like mascaron sporting a human face staring at the reader, its tongue drooping from its smiling lips, almost licking the characters of the title, while its extended wings display the claws of and palmate webbing of a monster on whose head is perched the coats of arms of France, the Bourbon...

Wood

Wood   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
14,940 words
Illustration(s):
6

...from damage due to abrasion and exposure to excessive moisture, and manipulation of the finished surface can achieve a wide range of visual effects. Colour, texture and the gloss level can all be adjusted through various finishing procedures. 6. Wood-carving showing burgher and mascaron, detail from a spiral staircase leading to the great hall of the townhall, Bremen, 1620; photo credit: Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY The surface treatment of wooden objects falls into the two general categories: transparent coatings and such decorative opaque coverings as ...

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