The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

You are looking at 1-1 of 1 entries  for:

  • All: mascaron x
clear all




Representation of a human or partly human face, more or less caricatured, used as an architectural ornament, e.g. on a keystone over an arch.


Cartography   Reference library

Tom Conley

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
3,574 words

...matter is facetiously and unsettlingly oneiric. The cartouche containing the title of Nicolas Tassin’s Carte générale de toutes les costes de France ( 1634 ), a series of carefully delineated maps of the coastline from the Pyrenees to Picardy, is surrounded by a griffin-like mascaron sporting a human face staring at the reader, its tongue drooping from its smiling lips, almost licking the characters of the title, while its extended wings display the claws of and palmate webbing of a monster on whose head is perched the coats of arms of France, the Bourbon...