The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

You are looking at 1-1 of 1 entries  for:

  • All: John Thorpe x
  • History of Science x
clear all



John Thorpe

(c. 1565–c.1655). English land-and building-surveyor, who also appears to have designed (though rarely supervised) buildings. He produced a book of plans (preserved in Sir John ...


instinct   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Science and technology, History of Science
527 words

...behaviorists like John Watson drastically restricted the role of instinctive or unlearned behavior in animal and human psychology. Since the 1970s, several authors—especially those adhering to sociobiology, such as Edward O. Wilson —have developed approaches to the study of unlearned behavioral patterns that emphasize genetic and neurobiological analyses. Within the new perspective, the notion of instinct seems to have lost many of the functions it displayed in the Darwinian tradition and in ethology. W. H. Thorpe , The Origins and Rise of...