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confusion worse confounded

Complete confusion, deriving from a usage by Milton in Paradise Lost (1667).


Strategy   Reference library

Joshua Rovner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
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...Their adaptations may be wise or foolish, but in either case they are likely to change the trajectory of war, making it difficult to sustain a coherent strategy throughout. A fundamental problem for strategists is that logical plans for linking means and ends are often confounded by interaction effects. Strategists need to think about the sequence of military actions needed to achieve some political goal, but enemy adaptation may throw that sequence completely out of whack. The situation is even more complicated when coalitions are involved. Unexpected...