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qubba

Arabic word for dome. In commemorative architecture, qubba often refers to a domed mausoleum that usually contains the grave of a saint, a pious man, or an emir. In the ...

Medina

Medina   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,217 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the Ottomans the wall was raised to a height of 25 m (82 ft.). It had forty towers overlooking the outskirts of the city. However, to facilitate the free movement of traffic the wall was demolished in 1948 . During the Hijrah to Medina, the Prophet built the first mosque at Qubba, south of the city. After entering the city, a suitable larger site near al-Baki῾ was selected and the Prophet's mosque was built. MEDINA. The Qal῾at Quba . (Courtesy S. al-Rashid) Since the Prophet's time, his mosque has been expanded from time to time to meet the growing needs...

Kerak

Kerak   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,970 words
Illustration(s):
1

...taxes ( ibid ., pp. 201–202, no. 19). The Greek church (of St. George?) is a mid-nineteenth-century reconstruction of a Byzantine structure. The smaller Greek church of St. George is apparently medieval in date. In the cemetery below Burj al-Ẓāhir is a nineteenth-century (?) qubba (domed tomb) identified as the tomb of Noah, a claimed shared by Kerak Nūh in Lebanon. At nearby Mazar, the mausoleum of Ja῾far ibn Abū Ṭālib, a companion of the prophet who fell at the Battle of Mut'a, is incorporated into the modern mosque: two Arabic inscriptions record work...

Eski Mosul Dam Salvage Project

Eski Mosul Dam Salvage Project   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
2,587 words

...was not clear how Parthian sites were distinguished from Hellenistic—and indeed the reports on many sites combined the two periods. In the early centuries of the first millennium ce , this region at times lay on the borders between the empires of Rome and Iran. The site of Seh Qubba may have been an outpost of Roman rule on the west bank of the Tigris, and traces of a mosaic floor were found. The site stayed in use in the Sasanian period; the walls of the city, which encircle an area of more than 100 hectares (247 acres), may have been built then. The...

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
12,809 words

...extending direct Roman military control down the Euphrates corridor and establishing a network of forts commanding routes to and from the Tigris, the Jabal Sinjar, and the Khabur basin. Several of these Severan forts have been partially excavated, including ῾Ain Sinu-Zagurae, Seh Qubba, Bijan, and Kifrin (Oates and Oates, 1959 ; Valtz, 1985 ). This military frontier remained substantially intact until Sasanian military advances during the mid-third century. Archaeological excavations are providing useful groups of Parthian pottery and other finds. As in Iran,...

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