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qubba

Arabic word for dome. In commemorative architecture, qubba often refers to a domed mausoleum that usually contains the grave of a saint, a pious man, or an emir. In the ...

Chinese Mosque Architecture

Chinese Mosque Architecture   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World: Digital Collection

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,502 words
Illustration(s):
4

... Chinese word for qubba , a mausoleum for a holy man. Na Family (Najia) Mosque in Yongning, Ningxia Province was founded in 1524 by descendants of Sayyid Ajall Shams al-Din (Saidianchi). Tongxin Mosque is roughly the same age. It was transformed from a Lamaist Buddhist monastery, presumably the reason the mosque is entered from the south when other mosques had long since come to have entries that led directly to the mihrab . Nearly seventy qubba remain in Ningixia...

Medina

Medina   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,217 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the Ottomans the wall was raised to a height of 25 m (82 ft.). It had forty towers overlooking the outskirts of the city. However, to facilitate the free movement of traffic the wall was demolished in 1948 . During the Hijrah to Medina, the Prophet built the first mosque at Qubba, south of the city. After entering the city, a suitable larger site near al-Baki῾ was selected and the Prophet's mosque was built. MEDINA. The Qal῾at Quba . (Courtesy S. al-Rashid) Since the Prophet's time, his mosque has been expanded from time to time to meet the growing needs...

Iwan

Iwan   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,253 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Early Eyvann,” Near Eastern Numismatics, Iconography, Epigraphy and History: Studies in Honor of George C. Miles (Beirut, 1974), pp. 123–30 S. Downey : Mesopotamian Religious Architecture: Alexander through the Parthians (Princeton, 1988) N. Rabbat : “ Mamluk Throne Halls: Qubba or Iwān?, ” A. Orientalis , xxiii (1993), pp....

Kerak

Kerak   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,970 words
Illustration(s):
1

...taxes ( ibid ., pp. 201–202, no. 19). The Greek church (of St. George?) is a mid-nineteenth-century reconstruction of a Byzantine structure. The smaller Greek church of St. George is apparently medieval in date. In the cemetery below Burj al-Ẓāhir is a nineteenth-century (?) qubba (domed tomb) identified as the tomb of Noah, a claimed shared by Kerak Nūh in Lebanon. At nearby Mazar, the mausoleum of Ja῾far ibn Abū Ṭālib, a companion of the prophet who fell at the Battle of Mut'a, is incorporated into the modern mosque: two Arabic inscriptions record work...

Kiosk

Kiosk   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,695 words
Illustration(s):
1

...be gleaned from contemporary pavilions in North Africa and Sicily. In the former gardens of the Norman palace at Palermo stands the Cubola, a small cubic kiosk (6.33 m to a side) with arched openings and a hemispherical dome. Nearby stands the more elaborate Cuba ( 1180 ; Arab. qubba , “dome”), a garden pavilion once set in a pool ( see Architecture , §V, B, 2 ). Many Abbasid features were adopted in gardens built in Spain under the Umayyad dynasty ( r. 756–1031 ). The kiosk or belvedere (Arab. ῾ayn , “eye”; Sp. mirador ; see also Mirador ) is found as...

Granada

Granada   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
5,834 words
Illustration(s):
2

...(Torre de la Cautiva); (xiii) Torre Cadi; (xiv) Salón de Comares; (xv) Sala del Mexuar; (xvi) Cuarto Dorado; (xvii) Patio de Comares; (xviii) Sala de la Barca; (xix) Patio de los Leones; (xx) Sala de los Mocárabes; (xxi) Sala de los Abencerrajes; (xxii) Sala de los Reyes; (xxiii) Qubba Meyor (Sala de los Hermanas); (xxiv) Sala de los Ajimeces; (xxv) Mirador de Lindaraja (or de Daraxa); (xxvi) Qalahurra of Muhammad VII (Torre de las Infantas); (xxvii) palace of Charles V; (xxviii) Puerta de las Granádas; (xxix) chapel of the palace of Charles V; (xxx) Patio de...

Shrine

Shrine   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,637 words
Illustration(s):
2

...to commemorate the spot on which Abraham was believed to have offered up Isaac or to symbolize Islam’s triumph over Christianity. Jerusalem’s special role in Islam led to the development of other shrines there by the 10th century, including stations ( maqām ) and domes ( qubba ) commemorating events in Muhammad’s life, and gates and mihrabs dedicated to ancient prophets. When Muhammad died at Medina in 632, he was buried in a room of his house, which also had served the nascent Muslim community as its first mosque; this building, the house of the...

Damascus

Damascus   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
3,340 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and Architectural Patronage in Ayyubid Damascus (Princeton, 1991) R. S. Humphreys : “Women as Patrons of Religious Architecture in Ayyubid Damascus,” Muqarnas , xi (1994), pp. 35–54 G. Degeorge : Damas: Des Ottomans à nos jours (Paris, 1994) N. Rabbat : “The Mosaics of the Qubba al-Zahiriyya in Damascus: A Classical Syrian Medium Acquires a Mamluk Signature,” Aram , ix–x (1997), pp. 227–39 F. B. Flood : “Umayyad Survivals and Mamluk Revivals: Qalawunid Architecture and the Great Mosque of Damascus,” Muqarnas , xiv (1997), pp. 57–79 H. Hanisch :...

Indian subcontinent

Indian subcontinent   Reference library

Patrick Goode and Christopher Tadgell

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
9,792 words
Illustration(s):
4

...built there by one Rafi of Qazvin ( c .1360 )—a forest of arches framed by broader, low-sprung arcades—is amongst the earliest in India to reflect interest in the multi-domed prayer halls of Isfahan. The contemporary tombs are essentially Tughluqian domed cubical structures, qubba s of plastered rubble with relief confined to the entrance arch. As at Delhi, the main line of development was the proliferation of bays and registers and the stilting of domes over octagonal drums, but there is a greater wealth of detail in moulded stucco or carved stone. As in...

Tomb

Tomb   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
4,328 words
Illustration(s):
4

...wide range of concepts about the commemoration of the dead. The nomenclature employed for tombs in medieval texts and inscriptions reflects the broad range of functions discharged by these buildings in medieval Islamic society. Popular terms include rawḍa (Arab.: “garden”), qubba (“dome”), mashhad (“martyrium”), khwābgāh (Pers.: “place of sleep”), qaṣr (Arab.: “castle,” “palace”), ῾ataba (“threshold”), ziyāratgāh (Pers.: “place of pilgrimage”) and qabr (Arab.: “grave”), to say nothing of a clutch of neutral terms such as ῾imāra (“place”) or...

Jerusalem

Jerusalem   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
6,763 words
Illustration(s):
2

...a new role as the scene of the Last Judgment and the gate to paradise. The newly acquired sanctity of the city meant that many pious or important individuals chose to spend their last days there or be buried there. Scores of small commemorative structures (Arab. maqām and qubba ) were erected, and gates and mihrabs ( see Mihrab ) were set up to honor the biblical prophets venerated by Muslims. Friction between religious communities increased in the 10th century. The Holy Sepulcher was damaged by fire ( 938 ) and pillaged ( 966 ). The Bedouins and...

Jerusalem

Jerusalem   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
9,113 words
Illustration(s):
1

...a new role as the scene of the Last Judgement and the gate to paradise. The newly acquired sanctity of the city meant that many pious or important individuals chose to spend their last days there or be buried there. Scores of small commemorative structures (Arab. maqām and qubba ) were erected, and gates and mihrabs were set up to honour the biblical prophets venerated by Muslims. Friction between religious communities increased in the 10th century. The Holy Sepulchre was damaged by fire (938) and pillaged (966). The Bedouins and heretical Qarmatians...

Tent

Tent   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
12,733 words
Illustration(s):
4

...may represent the first example of the interpenetration of nomadic and urban traditions. Pre-Islamic Arabic poetry confirms the use of hair cloth, although black goat hide and red tents are also mentioned. The latter may relate to an early tradition of domed leather tents (Arab. qubba ), which had a cultic significance by the time of the Prophet ( c. 600 ce ) and were later treated as tribal emblems. One of the earliest representations of a nomadic encampment in a copy of al-Hariri's Maqāmāt (“Assemblies,” c. 1225–35 ; St. Petersburg, Acad. Sci., S. 23, p....

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
117,015 words
Illustration(s):
77

...in Granada, remained architecturally conservative, but palatine architecture achieved a splendid distribution of volumes and spaces. The palace dwelling, epitomized by the Palacio de los Leones at the Alhambra, centered around great halls, such as the Qubba Mayor of the palace, called Dos Hermanas, and the Qubba of the Abencerrajes, which were occasionally used for public functions. In these ample halls varied spaces are creatively grouped as square ground-plans ascend to pierced octagonal or star-shaped mocárabes vaults. The alternation of illuminated square...

Vernacular architecture

Vernacular architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
17,884 words
Illustration(s):
10

...a nomadic Bedouin tradition. Some neighboring tribes of the Atlantic littoral, also in the Middle Atlas and eastern Rif mountains, continue to use tents, occasionally in conjunction with buildings. Funerary vernacular architecture consists of a cubic base surmounted by a dome ( qubba ), equipped with a mihrab and decorated with crenellations or horns at the corners. These horns or steps at the corners of flat and domed roofs are some of the few ornaments found on religious and secular buildings throughout the Maghrib, as well as in the southern Sahara and...

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