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Overview

Systemic art

Term coined by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 to describe a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms, usually geometric in character, either in a single ...

Barbarians

Barbarians   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,281 words
Illustration(s):
2

...resulting from contact with the Roman Empire—older groupings totally disintegrated and re-formed as new groupings. These created fresh identities for themselves, based on both current common experience and leadership and fragments of old traditions: the process of ethnogenesis. Systemic Roman weakness, culminating in chronic civil war (the third-century Crisis), then encouraged and facilitated these new groupings to attack the empire. But the empire was still in no danger of destruction. Persian claims on the east were mainly for negotiating purposes; indeed,...

Egypt

Egypt   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6,039 words
Illustration(s):
2

...instability and eventual conquest both by Nubian kings from the south and by the Assyrians. It was during the Saite Period (Twenty-sixth Dynasty, 664–525 ) that the Egyptian rulers began significant contacts with the Aegean world. Psammetichus I ( r. 664–610 ) began several systemic practices that affected Egypt for the next millennium. The first was the introduction of Greek and other mercenaries into Egypt. These included Jewish mercenaries who established a colony at Syene (modern Aswan). The main mercenary group was the Carians, stationed mostly in the...

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