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Systemic art

Term coined by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 to describe a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms, usually geometric in character, either in a single ...

Systemic art

Systemic art   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
116 words

... art Term coined by the critic Lawrence Alloway in 1966 to refer to a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms, usually geometrical in character, used either in a single image or repeated in a pattern arranged according to a clear principle of organization. Alloway originated the term when he organized an exhibition called ‘Systemic Painting’ at the Guggenheim Museum, New York, in 1966 ; the artists represented—all American—included Al Held , Ellsworth Kelly , Kenneth Noland , Larry Poons , and Frank...

Systemic art

Systemic art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

... art . Term coined by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 to describe a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms, usually geometric in character, either in a single concentrated image or repeated in a system arranged according to a clearly visible principle of organization. The chevron paintings of Noland are examples of Systemic art. It has been described as a branch of Minimal art , but Alloway extended the term to cover Colour Field Painting...

Systemic art

Systemic art   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
79 words

... art Term coined by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 to describe a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms, usually geometric in character, either in a single concentrated image or repeated in a system arranged according to a clearly visible principle of organization. The chevron paintings of Noland are examples of Systemic art. It has been described as a branch of Minimal art , but Alloway extended the term to cover Colour Field Painting...

Liberation Theology: Latin America

Liberation Theology: Latin America   Reference library

M. Daniel Carroll R.

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,826 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...exploited by the systemic sins of modern society and empower all excluded persons to transform their context for the possibility of enjoying the gift of life in all of its dimensions. This orientation suggests new ways of appreciating the significance of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. Modern Migration of the Spirit , from the Epic of American Civilization (1932–4), mural by the Mexican artist José Clemente Orozco (1833–1949). Baker Library, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH/Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura/©...

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy   Reference library

Carol Meyers

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,793 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...Once formalized, the centralized control of human and economic resources itself creates demands and accommodations. The initial shift to a state structure in effect sets off a chain reaction of other changes that mark the ongoing development of the system. The systemic nature of the state, or for that matter any political community, poses a problem for the examination of an ancient state, particularly one such as Israel, for which archaeological evidence is an essential source of information. States by nature have more complex, hierarchical...

Field Painting

Field Painting   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
101 words

...Painting . A type of painting developed in the USA from about 1950 in which the picture is no longer regarded as a structure of interrelated elements but as a single indivisible expanse. Field Painting has affinities with Systemic art and with the all-over style associated with Jackson Pollock . The term Colour Field Painting has been used when emphasis is placed on brilliance and saturation of colour. Rather than being a specific style, it may be regarded as an aspect of a very general tendency during the 1950s and 1960s to eschew traditional...

Field Painting

Field Painting   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
101 words

...Painting A type of painting developed in the USA from about 1950 in which the picture is no longer regarded as a structure of interrelated elements but as a single indivisible expanse. Field Painting has affinities with Systemic art and with the all-over style associated with Jackson Pollock . The term Colour Field Painting has been used when emphasis is placed on brilliance and saturation of colour. Rather than being a specific style, it may be regarded as an aspect of a very general tendency during the 1950s and 1960s to eschew traditional...

Feeley, Paul

Feeley, Paul (1910–66)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
249 words

...to reject what he called the ‘jungles of movement and action’ in search of an art of ‘sanity, joy, peace, and pleasure’. His most characteristic works employ fairly simple geometrical shapes—such as the quatrefoil or ‘jack’ shape—arranged in formal patterns. However, the effect is not stark or Minimalist : there is a rhythmic interplay of convex and concave contours and a striking feeling for colour. They can be classified as Post-Painterly Abstraction and as Systemic art . Feeley often worked in series to test the effect of different colours on a...

Alloway, Lawrence

Alloway, Lawrence (1926–90)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
298 words

...that “high” and “low” forms of art exemplified aspects of the same cultural situation. In 1961 he moved permanently to the United States, soon settled in New York, and was subsequently naturalized as a citizen. He taught at several colleges and universities and served as a curator at New York’s Guggenheim Museum, where he organized the important exhibitions “ The Shaped Canvas ” ( 1964 ) and “Systemic Painting” ( 1966 ), introducing widely used terms into the contemporary art lexicon. Over the years, his diversified art criticism continued to demonstrate...

Minimalism

Minimalism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
334 words

...An emphasis among minimalist artists on the work of art as a physical object encouraged three-dimensional approaches, while aspects of minimalism shared reciprocal relationships with conceptual art and process art . The earliest major museum exhibition to define a coherent minimalist viewpoint, “Primary Structures,” organized in 1966 by curator Kynaston McShine ( 1935–  ) for New York’s Jewish Museum, lent its name to an alternative designation for minimal sculpture. A few months later “Systemic Paintings,” curated by Lawrence Alloway at the ...

Baer, Jo

Baer, Jo (7 Aug 1929)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
440 words

...in 1968 . In 1975 she left the New York art world for Europe and in the same year her work was the subject of a solo exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, regarded as the high point of her career. By the end of the 1970s, Baer had become more lyrical in her imagery, largely rejecting the structured images for which she had been known. In 1984 she relocated permanently to Amsterdam, regularly exhibiting her art in the USA and internationally. [ See also Wesley, John . ] Bibliography Systemic Painting (exh. cat., intro. by L....

Hard-edge painting

Hard-edge painting   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
338 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Ellsworth Kelly Gift of the artist, 1969 © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY 2. Ellsworth Kelly Spectrum IV , oil on canvas, 13 joined panels, 2.97 × 2.97 m, 1967 © Ellsworth Kelly/Mrs. John Hay Whitney Bequest and The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection (both by exchange), and Gift of Irving Blum © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY Bibliography Systemic Painting (exh. cat. by L. Alloway , New York, Guggenheim, 1966) I. Sandler : American Art of the 1960s (New York, 1988) Lorser Feitelson and the Invention...

Araeen, Rasheed

Araeen, Rasheed (1935–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
298 words

...the systemic work of an American Minimalist such as Sol LeWitt . Concern at the racism of the art world led Araeen towards radical politics, and in 1972 he joined the Black Panther Movement. He founded the magazine Black Phoenix , which explored the relationship between contemporary art and racial politics. In 1987 it became Third Text , a more academic journal that addressed issues of culture and post-colonialism. In 1989 he organized the exhibition ‘The Other Story’, which was held at the Hayward Gallery ( see Arts Council ) and Manchester Art...

disinfection, full mouth

disinfection, full mouth   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
170 words

...24-hour period, supplemented by systemic antibiotic therapy. It is usually carried out over one or two clinical sessions and may be indicated for aggressive periodontitis and multiple periodontal abscesses. The evidence for the additional benefit of antiseptic use is currently inconclusive. Further Reading: Eberhard J. , Jepsen S. , Jervøe-Storm P.-M. , Needleman I. , Worthington H. V. Full-mouth disinfection for the treatment of adult chronic periodontitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD004622. DOI:...

Ryman, Robert

Ryman, Robert (30 May 1930)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
391 words

...Expressionism, he had no intention of reintroducing Realism or of depicting objects. It was not until the late 1960s that he began to exhibit regularly; for example, his work was included in the important exhibition “Systemic Painting” at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, in 1966 . His work is often associated with Conceptual art, but although organized into non-representational systems, it is fundamentally a quest for pictorial expression. Ryman reduced his painting to the strict minimum: the square format and the color white. He permutated and...

Conceptual art

Conceptual art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,711 words
Illustration(s):
1

...one aspect of the systemic process whereby the work of art acquired signification or “completion” in society. Haacke in particular created works that deftly disclosed the conceptual role of institutions in framing all art, so that its meaning went far beyond the artist's original conception. Such works can be referred to as “meta-conceptual,” since they address the conditions preceding the production of all works of art and later influencing their public reception. Haacke neither privileged his own concepts as art nor resorted to an anti-art assault on the aura...

Feeley, Paul

Feeley, Paul (1910–66)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
274 words

...shapes that respond to each other in intricate rhythms within a systemic approach to design. Additionally, his interest in non-Western decorative arts, such as fabrics and Islamic tiles, opened the way for pattern-and-decoration painters and others interested in ornamental effects. Born in Des Moines, Feeley grew up in Palo Alto, California. In 1931 he moved to New York. Already an accomplished portrait painter, he worked privately with Cecelia Beaux , while studying also at the Art Students League with Thomas Hart Benton , among others. He painted...

Post-Painterly Abstraction

Post-Painterly Abstraction   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
427 words

...Painters: Noland, Olitski, Stella (exh. cat. by M. Fried , Cambridge, MA, Fogg, 1965) Systemic Painting (exh. cat. by L. Alloway , New York, Guggenheim, 1966) M. Fried : “ Shape as Form: Frank Stella's New Paintings, ” Artforum, v/3 (Nov 1966), pp. 18–27 B. R. Collins : “ Clement Greenberg and the Search for Abstract Expressionism's Successor: A Study in the Manipulation of Avantgarde Consciousness, ” A. Mag. , lxi/9 (May 1987), pp. 36–43 I. Sandler : American Art of the 1960s (New York, 1988) J. A. Jones : Clement Greenberg: His Critical and...

Cultural Activities, Women's Historical

Cultural Activities, Women's Historical   Reference library

Valérie Behiery

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
2,122 words

...of art to acknowledge the various traditions of Muslim women's artistic practice whether textiles, basketry, leatherwork, or wall painting, and thereby disputing allegedly normative definitions of art that in large part effectively account for the systemic omission of women. In the particular case of Islamic art, it also means recognizing that pre-modern non-narrative largely abstract art traditions also constitute systems of meaning. If Islamic art history is to take part in the nascent ambitious comparative endeavor known as global or world art studies,...

Conceptual Art

Conceptual Art   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
12,446 words

...the diminished role of the artist, culminating in works that, once in place, virtually produce themselves, such as MoMA-Poll and Gallery-Visitor's Profile , which employ systemic methods for gathering data on social phenomena. In addition to the reduced role of the artist as producer, these works also problematize the networks of relationships through which power is exercised in the art world and expose the social, economic, and political bases of that power. In this connection, it is revealing to look briefly at one of Haacke's earliest conceptualist works,...

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