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Overview

strategic misrepresentation

In planning and budgeting, the tendency for those presenting projects for approval knowingly to understate costs and overstate benefits. This is a matter of deliberate policy and thus ...

Source Influence on Journalistic Decisions and News Coverage of Climate Change

Source Influence on Journalistic Decisions and News Coverage of Climate Change   Reference library

Alison Anderson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
12,724 words
Illustration(s):
1

...such as ENGOs. In order to be successful news sources must not only gain access to the media, but also frame an issue in favorable terms—although in some instances the strategic goal of an organization may be to delay or silence coverage and stay out of the mainstream news. The media and sources are mutually dependent upon each other, and their relationship is often seen as “driven by a strategic complementarity of interests” ( Franklin, 2003 , p. 47). A common approach is to view the relationship between media and news sources as symbiotic, but a more critical...

Strategies for Countering False Information and Beliefs about Climate Change

Strategies for Countering False Information and Beliefs about Climate Change   Reference library

R. Kelly Garrett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...). Finally, non-elites are sometimes responsible for the dissemination of misinformation. Given that individual’s beliefs are often informed by the beliefs of their peers, some may choose to misrepresent their beliefs out of self-interest. Statements of belief about contested political facts may not always be honest disclosures of judgment; instead, they may be strategic communication intended to advance an image of an allied group ( Bullock, Gerber, Hill, & Huber, 2015 ; Prior, Sood, & Khanna, 2015 ). In other words, people may not always believe what they...

Communicating about Fossil Fuel Divestment

Communicating about Fossil Fuel Divestment   Reference library

Jill E. Hopke and Luis E. Hestres

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
12,736 words
Illustration(s):
3

...to academic freedom, disinterested scholarship, and excellence in American higher education” and features several prominent conservative intellectuals on its advisory boards ( National Association of Scholars, n.d.b , n.d.c ). It has accused divestment advocates of misrepresenting the impact that divestment would have on climate change; the movement’s successes to date; its claims of grassroots, student-led activism; and the intellectual integrity of the entire enterprise ( National Association of Scholars, n.d.a ). A report from the NAS titled ...

Communicating about Carbon Taxes and Emissions Trading Programs

Communicating about Carbon Taxes and Emissions Trading Programs   Reference library

Erick Lachapelle

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
17,119 words
Illustration(s):
3

...role in informing the public on the climate change issue ( Trumbo & Shanahan, 2000 ). In terms of the content of media coverage of carbon pricing, the few (non–peer-reviewed) studies that exist suggest the press offers inadequate coverage of key carbon-price debates, often misrepresenting the nature of the economic debate ( Pooley, 2009 ) or otherwise providing overwhelmingly negative coverage of carbon price policies ( Bacon, 2011 ). Existing peer-reviewed research further suggests that exposure to Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth helped increase awareness...

Communicating about Carbon Capture and Storage

Communicating about Carbon Capture and Storage   Reference library

Amanda Boyd

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
12,109 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the CO 2 is stored underground (see Figure 1 for an example of an image). Accurate descriptions of the technology are especially important because there is low awareness of CCS among the general public and poor illustrations have been found to inadvertently reinforce misrepresentations of CCS, such as that the CO 2 is stored in a cavity or cave ( Wallquist et al., 2009 ). Therefore, it is critical that visuals are clear, accurate, and easy to understand. There are numerous geological features that should be included in visuals demonstrating a suitable ...

Methods for Assessing Online Climate Change Communication, Social Media Discussion, and Behavior

Methods for Assessing Online Climate Change Communication, Social Media Discussion, and Behavior   Reference library

Leona Yi-Fan Su, Heather Akin, and Dominique Brossard

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...numbers require that survey researchers adjust their strategies for reaching representative samples of citizens ( Baker et al., 2013 ). The International Telecommunication Union reports there are 97 mobile phone subscriptions per 100 people worldwide, although this may misrepresent actual mobile penetration, given that some individuals have multiple subscriptions ( International Telecommunication Union, 2015 ). Approximately one fourth of Americans now use a mobile phone only (i.e., they do not have a landline), a proportion that is even higher for...

Climate Change Communication in Portugal

Climate Change Communication in Portugal   Reference library

Ana Horta and Anabela Carvalho

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
12,554 words
Illustration(s):
1

...that scientists and other social actors have a more negative image of the press than what was found in the research discussed earlier (e.g., Carvalho & Pereira, 2008 ). Some mentioned they have had to learn how to deal with journalists in order to avoid having their words misrepresented in the news. Concern about reporters’ time constraints and lack of skills needed to cover the scientific dimensions of climate change were also pointed out. Several of these actors were doubtful that current media coverage of the issue might raise awareness among citizens of...

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