The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

You are looking at 1-1 of 1 entries  for:

  • All: American Notes for General Circulation x
  • Type: Subject Reference x
  • History of Law x
clear all



American Notes for General Circulation

Travel account by Dickens, published in 1842. Dickens visited the U.S. (Jan.–May 1842) in a tour that took him from Boston and New York to Canada and as far west as St. Louis. His book is ...

Property Rights

Property Rights   Reference library

James W. Ely Jr.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
7,680 words

...fair-value standard of Smyth v. Ames , ruling that rate-making bodies were not bound to follow any single formula for determining charges. Judicial inquiry was directed only to the impact of the rate order on the regulated industry, not the method of calculation. The lacerating struggle over the validity of the New Deal program engendered lasting hostility against judicial protection of property rights and had a profound impact on the course of American constitutional history. Once the Supreme Court accepted the New Deal, the justices abruptly withdrew from...