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Overview

Neolithic Revolution

Subject: Archaeology

[Ge] A term popularized by Gordon Childe in the 1940s to reflect the huge impact on life that was made by the development and spread of farming, which he saw as one of two ...

Technology and International Relations

Technology and International Relations   Reference library

Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
7,305 words

...a technical problem and solve it” ( Castells 2000 ). The invention of the wheel is an early instance of the impact of a major discovery resulting in fundamental and accelerated change. The limitless application of this principle was in many ways a watershed event. The Neolithic revolution that emerged from a cumulative process of substantive inventions provided a benchmark for analyzing societies and has been useful in showing how control over the environment resulted in the development of sophisticated institutions and societies. The growth of early...

Tactics

Tactics   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...the Neolithic Age. Primitive warfare consisted of ambushes, raids, and skirmishes and relied on techniques and weapons closely associated with hunting. Although primitive warriors understood the importance of numbers, they knew little about tactical formations and less about command and control. These warriors nonetheless adopted the bow, sling, dagger, and mace between 12,000 and 8,000 b.c. and began deploying troops in column and line, firing arrows in volleys, and enveloping the flanks of an enemy line. Rough paintings of such actions from the Neolithic Age...

Ecofeminism and Global Environmental Politics

Ecofeminism and Global Environmental Politics   Reference library

Juliann Emmons Allison

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,712 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and valorize women and all that would be considered culturally feminine – from women’s biological capacity to bear children, to their socialization as caretakers, to their relationship-oriented habits of mind. Such cultural ecofeminists draw on archeological evidence from Neolithic Europe to argue that prehistorical agrarian societies were characteristically peaceful and identified by goddess worship ( Gimbutas 1982 ; see Eller 2001 for a key counterargument). They blame invasion from Eurasian tribes – perhaps in combination with significant population...

World System History

World System History   Reference library

Robert A. Denemark

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
12,279 words

...as opposed to change. They extended this work back through history, even suggesting that the 5,000-year world system might be a bit short term when considering certain kinds of world system processes. The antecedents of world system trade routes stretch back into the formative Neolithic period across a very wide belt of Eurasia from east to west. The Anatolian settlement of Catal Huyuk is a much studied example of an early urban community existing in the seventh millennium BCE and depending on long-distance trade connections, in this case particularly on the...

The Geography of World Cities

The Geography of World Cities   Reference library

Raymond J. Dezzani and Christopher Chase-Dunn

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,390 words

...of Location . New Haven: Yale University Press. McNeill, J.R. , and McNeill, W. (2003) The Human Web . New York: Norton. McNeill, William H. (1974) Venice the Hinge of Europe, 1081–1797 . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Mellaart, James (1967) Catal Huyuk. A Neolithic Town in Anatolia . Thames and Hudson, Ltd. New York: McGraw-Hill. Modelski, G . (2003) World Cities: 3000 to 2000 . Washington, DC: Faros 2000. Pred, Allen (1971) Large-City Interdependence and the Pre-electronic Diffusion of Innovations in the U.S. Geographical Analysis 3...

War

War: c. 8000 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Revolution American Revolutionary War Wars and Revolutions North America United States 1777 1777 The American general Horatio Gates captures the army of General Burgoyne near Saratoga American Revolution World Encyclopedia 1 18th century American Revolution American Revolutionary War Battles Wars and Revolutions North America United States 1777 1777 The US Congress agrees the final version of the Articles of Confederation, defining the terms on which states join the Union Articles of Confederation (1781) World Encyclopedia 1 18th century American Revolution...

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