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Overview

Neolithic Revolution

Subject: Archaeology

[Ge] A term popularized by Gordon Childe in the 1940s to reflect the huge impact on life that was made by the development and spread of farming, which he saw as one of two ...

Moscow

Moscow   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
213 words

... ( Moskva ) Capital of Russia and largest city in Europe, on the River Moskva. The site has been inhabited since Neolithic times, but Russian records do not mention it until 1147 . It had become a principality by the end of the 13th century, and in 1367 the first stone walls of the Kremlin were constructed. By the end of the 14th century, Moscow emerged as the focus of Russian opposition to the Mongols. Polish troops occupied the city in 1610 , but were driven out two years later. Moscow was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Russia from 1547 to...

Turkey

Turkey: c. 7000 BCE - 1923  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...with windows, a design with lasting appeal Neolithic A Dictionary of World History 2 Prehistory Neolithic Architecture Science Asia West Asia c. 6500 BCE 6500 BCE Pottery fragments of this date survive in the neolithic site of Catal Huyuk Neolithic A Dictionary of World History 2 Prehistory Neolithic Arts Decorative arts Science Asia West Asia c. 5800 BCE 5800 BCE Fragments of cloth, woven in Catal Huyuk, survive because they are carbonized in a fire Neolithic A Dictionary of World History 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science Technology Asia West Asia c. 1700 ...

West Asia

West Asia: c. 90,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...animals, in the Neolithic Revolution Neolithic The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science Asia c. 8000 BCE 8000 BCE Wheat is grown in the Middle East - the first cereal cultivated by man Ali Kosh, Iran The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science Asia c. 8000 BCE 8000 BCE Sheep are the first farm animals of which evidence of domestication survives, from a settlement in northern Iraq Jarmo, Iraq The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science Mesopotamia Asia...

Sicily

Sicily: c. 2000 BCE - 1956  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...and Revolutions 241 BCE 241 BCE A Roman naval victory at Trapani, off the northwest tip of Sicily, completes the blockade of the Carthaginians and ends the First Punic War Punic wars A Dictionary of World History 2 3rd century BCE Punic Wars War Battles Africa North Africa Europe Greece Italy Wars and Revolutions 241 BCE 241 BCE At the end of the First Punic War, Sicily becomes Rome's first overseas province Sicily A Dictionary of World History 2 3rd century BCE Punic Wars Politics Conquest and colonization War Europe Greece Italy Wars and Revolutions c....

Palestine and Israel

Palestine and Israel: c. 90,000 years ago - 2009  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...covering ten acres Jericho A Dictionary of World History 2 Prehistory Neolithic Architecture Science Asia West Asia c. 8000 BCE 8000 BCE Sun-dried bricks are used in the construction of buildings in Jericho mud brick The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Architecture Social and domestic Asia West Asia Society c. 8000 BCE 8000 BCE The tower at Jericho is the world's earliest surviving fortification Jericho A Dictionary of World History 2 Prehistory Neolithic War Asia West Asia 3761 BCE 3761 BCE Later selected by Hebrew scholars...

Greece

Greece: c. 3500 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Europe Wars and Revolutions 481 BCE 481 BCE Xerxes I, renewing the campaign of his father Darius against the Greeks, leads a large army round the Aegean and through Thrace Xerxes I A Dictionary of World History 2 5th century BCE Greco-Persian Wars Ancient Athens War Asia West Asia Turkey Europe Wars and Revolutions 481 BCE 481 BCE The Greek city-states meet in Corinth to devise a joint strategy against the Persians Greek-Persian wars A Dictionary of World History 2 5th century BCE Greco-Persian Wars Politics War Europe Wars and Revolutions c. 480 BCE 480...

France

France: c. 31,000 years ago - 2007  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...World Encyclopedia 1 18th century American Revolution American Revolutionary War Politics War European empires from 1415 Europe Empires Wars and Revolutions North America United States 1778 1778 France, joining the American colonies in their fight against Britain, sends a large fleet across the Atlantic American Revolution World Encyclopedia 1 18th century American Revolution American Revolutionary War Britain 1750-1900 War Great Britain - from 1707 British Isles British colonial America Europe Wars and Revolutions Britain North America United States 1778...

North Africa

North Africa: c. 5000 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...5000 BCE 5000 BCE The Sahara, damp enough for the hippopotamus, supports neolithic communities until it begins to dry up in about 3000 BC Neolithic A Dictionary of World History 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science Africa Central Africa East Africa c. 4400 BCE 4400 BCE The first evidence of a loom comes from this period in Egypt, but some simple method of holding the warp must be as old as weaving weaving World Encyclopedia 1 Prehistory Neolithic Science Technology Inventions and discoveries Africa Egypt c. 4000 BCE 4000 BCE A simple hand-held plough is in use in...

Asia

Asia: c. 500,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...animals, in the Neolithic Revolution Neolithic The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science West Asia c. 8000 BCE 8000 BCE Wheat is grown in the Middle East - the first cereal cultivated by man Ali Kosh, Iran The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science West Asia c. 8000 BCE 8000 BCE Sheep are the first farm animals of which evidence of domestication survives, from a settlement in northern Iraq Jarmo, Iraq The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Science Mesopotamia...

Central Asia

Central Asia: c. 3800 BCE - 2010  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...3800 BCE 3800 BCE Copper is extracted from ore by smelting at various sites in Iran copper The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Technology Asia Iran (Persia) c. 3000 BCE 3000 BCE On the steppes of central Asia tribesmen tame, breed and eventually ride horses horses The Oxford Classical Dictionary 3 rev Neolithic 3100-1000 BCE Social and domestic Asia Society c. 1500 BCE 1500 BCE The composite bow, accurate to 200 yards, is used by warriors in Asia fighting from chariots and on horseback bow The Concise Oxford Dictionary of...

South America

South America: 15,000 to 10,000 years ago - 2010  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...2 Prehistory Neolithic American Indians North America Canada United States c. 3000 BCE 3000 BCE The llama and the alpaca, two south American members of the camel family, are domesticated llama World Encyclopedia 1 Neolithic 3100-1000 BCE Andean Civilizations Social and domestic Society Latin America Peru c. 3000 BCE 3000 BCE Complex societies, with sophisticated temple architecture, develop at sites such as Aspero and Caral in the Norte Chico region of Peru Aspero, Peru The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Neolithic 3100-1000 BCE...

Iran (Persia)

Iran (Persia): c. 3800 BCE - 2005  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...3800 BCE 3800 BCE Copper is extracted from ore by smelting at various sites in Iran copper The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Prehistory Neolithic Technology Asia Central Asia c. 580 BCE 580 BCE The Iranian prophet Zoroaster teaches that there is one god, Ahura Mazda Ahura Mazda The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions 1 rev 6th century BCE Religion Asia Central Asia 550 BCE 550 BCE Cyrus, king of the Persians, takes Ecbatana, capital city of the Medes, and establishes the first Persian empire Cyrus the Great ( c. 590–529 bc ) World...

Mexico

Mexico: c. 5000 BCE - 2010  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Central America 1910 1910 A revolution begins in Mexico that will last ten years before being resolved Mexican Revolution (1910–40) World Encyclopedia 1 1910s 20th century Politics Democracy and dissent Latin America Central America 1911 1911 Emiliano Zapata leads peasant groups in the Mexican revolution, under the slogan 'Land and Liberty' Zapata, Emiliano (8 Aug. 1879) A Dictionary of Political Biography 1 rev 1910s 20th century Politics Democracy and dissent Latin America Central America 1920 1920 Ten years of violent revolution in Mexico are brought to and...

Austria

Austria: c. 25,000 years ago - 1975  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...in the famous Willendorf Venus ‘Venus of Willendorf’ The Oxford Dictionary of Art 3 Prehistory Arts Sculpture Science Europe c. 3250 BCE 3250 BCE A neolithic herdsman dies near the Brenner Pass and is perfectly preserved in ice - to become, in 1991, by far the earliest human to be glimpsed in his everyday life, clothed and with implements Similaun Man The Oxford Companion to Archaeology 1 Prehistory Neolithic Social and domestic Europe Italy Society c. 600 BCE 600 BCE The swirling decorative lines of Celtic metalwork at Hallstatt begin a tradition which...

Canada

Canada: c. 30,000 years ago - 2006  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...and Indian War Politics War British colonial America British empire European empires from 1415 Europe Empires Wars and Revolutions North America United States c. 1783 1783 Some 40,000 Loyalists flee from British America to the previously French colonies, in particular Nova Scotia New France A Dictionary of World History 2 18th century American Revolution War British colonial America European empires from 1415 Europe Empires Wars and Revolutions North America United States 1789 1789 Alexander Mackenzie explores by canoe from central Canada through the Great Slave...

Scotland

Scotland: c. 2500 BCE - 2007  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...2500 BCE 2500 BCE A small neolithic community builds a village at Skara Brae in the Orkneys, of stone houses with built-in stone furniture Skara Brae, Orkney, Scotland The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 Neolithic 3100-1000 BCE Architecture British architecture British Isles Europe Britain 83 83 Agricola defeats the tribes of Scotland at an unidentified place called Mons Graupius, probably almost as far north as Aberdeen Agricola The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 1st century CE Roman empire Roman Britain Politics Conquest and...

Egypt

Egypt: c. 4400 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...this period in Egypt, but some simple method of holding the warp must be as old as weaving weaving World Encyclopedia 1 Prehistory Neolithic Science Technology Inventions and discoveries Africa North Africa c. 4000 BCE 4000 BCE A simple hand-held plough is in use in Egypt and Mesopotamia, at least 1000 years before a heavier version is pulled by oxen Land Transportation The Oxford Companion to Archaeology 1 Prehistory Neolithic Technology Inventions and discoveries Mesopotamia Africa North Africa Asia West Asia Iraq c. 3100 BCE 3100 BCE Upper and Lower Egypt...

Central America

Central America: c. 5000 BCE - 2010  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...States 1910 1910 A revolution begins in Mexico that will last ten years before being resolved Mexican Revolution (1910–40) World Encyclopedia 1 1910s 20th century Politics Democracy and dissent Latin America Mexico 1911 1911 President Taft sends US marines to Honduras to protect American banana interests during a spell of political turmoil Honduras World Encyclopedia 1 1910s 20th century Politics Conquest and colonization US presidents Rulers and politicians Latin America 1911 1911 Emiliano Zapata leads peasant groups in the Mexican revolution, under the slogan...

Russia

Russia: c. 23,000 years ago - 2008  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Europe Wars and Revolutions 1812 1812 Napoleon begins the retreat from Moscow, in arctic conditions and harried by guerrilla attacks Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) World Encyclopedia 1 Napoleonic Wars 19th century Napoleonic era War Europe Wars and Revolutions 1815 1815 The rulers of Russia, Prussia and Austria form a Holy Alliance to preserve their concept of a Christian Europe Holy Alliance (1815) World Encyclopedia 1 Napoleonic Wars 19th century Napoleonic era Politics Religion Christianity War Europe Austria Germany Wars and Revolutions 1815 1815 Poland...

Italy

Italy: c. 3250 BCE - 2008  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...French Revolution French Revolutionary Wars War Wars and Revolutions 1796 1796 In the armistice of Cherasco the king of Sardinia cedes to France his territories of Savoy and Nice Napoleon I (1769–1821) A Dictionary of World History 2 18th century French Revolutionary Wars War Wars and Revolutions 1796 1796 Napoleon Bonaparte takes command of the French army of Italy, with astonishingly successful results Napoleon I (1769–1821) A Dictionary of World History 2 18th century French Revolution French Revolutionary Wars War Europe Wars and Revolutions 1796 1796...

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