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Neolithic Revolution

Subject: Archaeology

[Ge] A term popularized by Gordon Childe in the 1940s to reflect the huge impact on life that was made by the development and spread of farming, which he saw as one of two ...

Archaeology

Archaeology   Reference library

Kevin Greene

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,624 words

...human populations are bound up with effective exploitation of the biosphere. Studies of pollen, plant remains, and the bones of animals and humans reflect significant shifts in food sources, notably the transition from hunting and gathering to farming (sometimes called the Neolithic Revolution). Biomolecular analysis of bones and other organic remains is providing new knowledge about diet and health, and ancient DNA is shedding new light on the domestication of plants and animals and on human migrations. Scientific analysis has also stimulated experimental...

Malaria

Malaria   Reference library

James L. A. Webb

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,673 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Other hemoglobin mutations, such as thalassemia and sickle cell, offered protection against falciparum, but they exacted a heavy cost. Following the expansion of Homo sapiens from Africa into Eurasia, malaria became more broadly distributed. In the aftermath of the Neolithic agricultural revolutions, malarial infections became more prevalent, as human population densities increased. Across the Eurasian landmass, vivax was probably the most common and was particularly dominant to the north of the subtropics, owing to the warmer temperatures required by the...

Hunter-Gatherers

Hunter-Gatherers   Reference library

Thomas Widlok and Thomas Widlok

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
3,959 words

... I, the Aboriginal by Douglas Lockwood (London: Cassell, 1963 ). Social Change. Given the diversity of social relations within the category of hunter-gatherer society it is likely that a number of fundamental social transformations were not triggered by the so-called neolithic revolution—the introduction of animal husbandry and agriculture—but occur within the forager spectrum. This applies to socioeconomic changes from a system based on what are called “immediate returns” (as in daily gathering or hunting trips) to a system that provides the social...

Drugs and Narcotics

Drugs and Narcotics   Reference library

Patricia Barton, Patricia Barton, Monica Rankin, Kathryn Meyer, Patricia Barton, Patricia Barton, Monica Rankin, and Joseph J. Hobbs

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
13,101 words
Illustration(s):
1

...uses in Anatolia. His Bronze Age culture anthropomorphized the poppy, dedicating it to the god of dreams, Morpheus. The earliest geographic range of cannabis ( Cannabis indica , C. sativa ) is uncertain, but the plant's euphoric properties were apparently known as early as the Neolithic Age in Europe, and cannabis usage is documented in the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley. Some authorities believe cannabis was the divine soma plant of the Aryan culture in India and Central Asia. The stimulant khat ( Catha edulis ) is widely...

1990s

1990s: 1990 - 1999  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature 3 20th century Literature English literature Literature in English Fiction Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe Britain c. 1991 1991 A man found frozen high in the Alps turns out to be a neolithic hunter from about 5000 years ago Similaun Man The Oxford Companion to Archaeology 1 20th century Science Europe Italy 1991 1991 A military coup in Haiti ousts the reforming president Jean-Bertrand Aristide Aristide, Jean-Bertrand (15 Jul. 1953) A Dictionary of Political...

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