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Overview

Kantian ethics

An approach to moral questions deriving from the teachings and writing of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724–1804). It is characterized by an emphasis on the rational endeavour of ...

Kantian ethics

Kantian ethics   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
101 words

... ethics approaches to moral questions based on the thought of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant ( 1724–1804 ) . These seek to discover what is morally right by asking what basic rules all rational people ( see autonomy ) could adopt for themselves and then act on as an imperative matter of duty , regardless of their personal desires or of the possible consequences ( see deontology ; consequentialism ). The Kantian tradition has been influential in medical ethics, especially in its insistence that every human life must be treated as an end...

ethics

ethics n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
55 words

... n. 1. the branch of philosophy concerned with the content of moral judgments ( normative ethics ) and their nature and meaning ( metaethics ). See also consequentialism ; Kantian ethics ; narrative ethics . 2. the principles, values, virtues, or rules of conduct accepted within a particular profession or field of activity. See bioethics ; medical ethics...

relativism

relativism n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
57 words

... n. the view that ethical judgments are solely or mainly determined by the cultural, social, or psychological perspectives of those making them. In medical ethics, this often takes the form of cultural relativism, whereby it is assumed that because health-care traditions and practices vary, so too must definitions of what constitutes good practice. Compare Kantian ethics...

imperative

imperative n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
61 words

... n. in ethics, a rule, principle, or law used to direct or guide one’s actions. Kantian ethics distinguishes between categorical and hypothetical imperatives . Whereas the latter are merely prudent or expedient and will vary with circumstances, the former are binding moral duties and it is rational that they are applicable to all situations and people. See also deontology...

narrative ethics

narrative ethics   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
69 words

...ethics an approach to ethical problems and practice that involves listening to and interpreting people’s stories rather than applying principles or rules to particular situations. This context-specific empathetic approach to patient and professional life stories is often contrasted with the universalizing rationalist approach of Kantian ethics . Narrative ethics has an obvious relevance to the doctor–patient relationship and mirrors the clinical context in which moral choices are...

particularism

particularism n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
46 words

... n. a school of moral thought proposing that attention to the specifics and details of a situation is required to determine the preferred course of action. Such an approach is contrary to theories that depend on universal norms or principles, such as Kantian ethics...

right

right   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
60 words

...1. adj. in accordance with ethical principles or accepted professional standards. There may be more than one right action in any given circumstance. The tradition of Kantian ethics maintains that an action may be right irrespective of any good that flows from it; consequentialism denies this. 2. n. any moral or legal entitlement. See human rights...

deontology

deontology n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
110 words

...of the mother versus the rights of the fetus. See also Kantian ethics . — deontological ...

duty

duty n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
144 words

...to behave in one way rather than another. Duty may arise from rules or principles, such as the four principles of medical ethics, or from particular relationships (e.g. doctor and patient or parent and child). Dilemmas may arise where these duties appear to conflict or are unclearly delineated. The idea of duty as an absolute imperative that does not vary with circumstances is central to the tradition of Kantian ethics ( see deontology ). Doctors also have legal duties towards their patients because of their fiduciary relationship and assume a...

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