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Overview

Kantian ethics

An approach to moral questions deriving from the teachings and writing of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724–1804). It is characterized by an emphasis on the rational endeavour of ...

feminism

feminism  

The approach to social life, philosophy, and ethics that commits itself to correcting biases leading to the subordination of women or the disparagement of women's particular experience and of the ...
Expediency

Expediency   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
3,186 words

...the individual as a moral agent. In an age of revolution and civil war, it also affirmed the importance of justice, though it does not translate easily into the practical task of deliberating public policy. The contribution of Kantian idealism to discussions of the expedient “good” was to universalize the value domain of ethics, and to dismiss calculative thinking itself as unworthy of this domain. The German philosopher Martin Heidegger ( 1889–1976 ), writing in the aftermath of World War I, argued for an end in Being. Entering into the here and now...

Deliberative genre

Deliberative genre   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
5,376 words

...of political involvement on the local level. Mansbridge, Jane J. “ Feminism and Democracy. ” American Prospect 1 (1990), pp. 126–139. Draws attention to the promise and pitfalls of deliberative democracy for women. McCarthy, Thomas . “ Kantian Constructivism and Reconstructivism: Rawls and Habermas in Dialogue. ” Ethics 105 (1994), pp. 44–63. A theoretical essay linking the philosophies of John Rawls and Jürgen Habermas to that of Immanuel Kant. Mill, John Stuart . Considerations on Representative Government . Edited by Currin V. Shields . New York,...

parallelism

parallelism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,740 words

...advanced reflected the obsession in the humanities for a scientific foundation, similar to that of the sciences but not so crude as to reduce the complexity of psychic phenomena to a mechanistic explanation of the relation between such phenomena and the brain’s activity. The neo‐Kantians and the empiricists of the nineteenth century were quite critical of the doctrine of parallelism, but there were also arguments in its favor, especially from within the emerging hermeneutic philosophy. Wilhelm Dilthey ( 1833–1911 ), extending the work of Franz Brentano (...

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