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Kantian ethics

An approach to moral questions deriving from the teachings and writing of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724–1804). It is characterized by an emphasis on the rational endeavour of ...

Philosophy

Philosophy   Reference library

Kelley L. Ross

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,402 words
Illustration(s):
1

...looks like various fragments of Kant's theory. German Idealists such as Johann Gottlieb Fichte ( 1762–1814 ), Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling ( 1775–1854 ), and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ( 1770–1831 ) dispensed with things in themselves, as did the later neo-Kantians such as Wilhelm Windelband ( 1848–1915 ). Another modern tendency has been to dismiss objective morality, as was done by Friedrich Nietzsche ( 1844–1900 ) and such existentialists as Jean-Paul Sartre ( 1905–1980 ) and Martin Heidegger ( 1889–1976 ). That Sartre ended up...

Transcendentalism

Transcendentalism   Reference library

Luca Prono

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,143 words
Illustration(s):
1

...opposed Coleridge's view of the human mind as creative in favor of John Locke's theory of the mind as a passive receiver of impressions. But following Coleridge, they established correspondences between nature and spirit and the human mind that recognizes them. German post-Kantian philosophers such as Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Schelling were also influential. The birth of transcendentalism was stimulated by a quarrel in the Unitarian churches of Boston, and transcendentalist texts often reveal a polemical edge. Though Unitarian ministers...

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