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James Knox Polk

(1795–1849) US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA (1845–49). His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union ...

James Knox Polk

James Knox Polk  

(1795–1849)US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA (1845–49). His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union in 1845, and the ...
Gideon Johnson Pillow

Gideon Johnson Pillow  

(1806–78) Confederate army officer. Having befriended James K. Polk, a native of the same Tennessee region, he received a commission as brigadier general of volunteers from Polk after Polk's election ...
Battle of Mexico City

Battle of Mexico City  

The final campaign of the Mexican War, won by the United States on September 14, 1848. In early 1847, President James K. Polk and Gen. Winfield Scott planned to occupy ...
James Gillespie Birney

James Gillespie Birney  

(b. 4 February 1792; d. 25 November 1857), abolitionist and two-time presidential candidate for the Liberty Party.James Gillespie Birney was born in Danville, Kentucky, to a slaveholding family. He ...
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden

Thomas Leonidas Crittenden  

(1819–93) Union army officer and lawyer, born in Russellville, Kentucky. As an aide to the staff of Gen. Zachary Taylor during the Mexican War (1846–48), Crittenden was selected to carry ...
Gideon Welles

Gideon Welles  

(1802–1878) U.S. politician and Secretary of the Navy. Born in Glastonbury, Connecticut, on July 1, 1802, Gideon Welles attended the academy at Norwich, Vermont (now Norwich University). In the 1820s ...
Liberty Party

Liberty Party  

The Liberty party was organized in Warsaw, New York, in 1839 by abolitionists convinced that they must take their decade-long antislavery propaganda campaign into the polling booth to accomplish ...
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo  

A treaty signed in Guadalupe-Hidalgo on February 2, 1848, to end the Mexican War (1846–48). The United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million and assume $3 million in adjusted ...
George Bancroft

George Bancroft  

(1800–1891),Massachusetts statesman and scholar, while holding various government posts obtained material for his monumental History of the United States (1834–76). As secretary of navy under Polk, ...
Oregon treaty

Oregon treaty  

1846.The disputed eastern boundary between Canada and the USA was settled by the Ashburton treaty of 1842. The vast area between the Rockies and the Pacific known as the Oregon Territory was covered ...
Constitutional and Political Basis of War and the Military

Constitutional and Political Basis of War and the Military  

Reference type:
Overview Page
When the framers met in Philadelphia to draft the U.S. Constitution, they were aware that existing models of government placed the war power squarely in the hands of the king. ...
Winfield Scott

Winfield Scott  

(1786–1866) Union army officer, born in Virginia. Scott was known as “Old Fuss and Feathers” because of his love of gaudy uniforms. After serving in a volunteer cavalry unit, Scott ...
War Plans

War Plans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An effective war plan must reflect the goals of the state and enable a nation's armed forces to fight on favorable terms. Strategic plans have to deal with numerous factors ...
Wilmot Proviso

Wilmot Proviso  

An amendment presented on August 8, 1846 by Democratic congressman David Wilmot and supported by northern congressmen to prohibit the establishment of slavery in any territories gained in the Mexican ...
John Charles Frémont

John Charles Frémont  

(1813–90)US explorer and politician. He was responsible for exploring several viable routes to the Pacific across the Rockies in the 1840s. He made an unsuccessful bid for the presidency in 1856, ...
Oregon Trail

Oregon Trail  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A route across the central US, from the Missouri to Oregon, some 3,000 km (2,000 miles) in length. It was used chiefly in the 1840s by settlers moving west.
Expansionism

Expansionism  

Expansionism—the desire of nations and empires to annex lands, peoples, or resources belonging to others—is a peculiar characteristic of a world order where boundaries are subject to the ambitions of ...
James Buchanan

James Buchanan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1791–1868)US Democratic statesman, 15th President of the USA (1857–61). He consistently leaned towards the pro-slavery side in the developing dispute over slavery. Towards the end of his term the ...
Mexican War

Mexican War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1846–48) a war that vastly increased U.S. territory and contributed to the sectional crisis. Elected in 1844 on a platform of expansionism, James K. Polk moved quickly to fulfill his ...
Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson  

(1808–75)US politician; 17th President of the USA (1865–69). As the only southern senator to support the Union in the American Civil War he was appointed military governor of Tennessee. Having been ...

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