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James Knox Polk

(1795–1849) US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA (1845–49). His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union ...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ) 11th president of the United States , born in North Carolinia . Polk, who moved to Tennessee as a child, was admitted to the bar in 1820 and quickly became active in politics, entering the state legislature in 1823 . In 1825 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he viewed slavery as an evil to be borne. He opposed high tariffs and supported only limited spending for internal improvements. Polk served as House Speaker for two terms ( 1835–39 ). To signal his opposition to the new Whig party, headed by ...

James Knox Polk

James Knox Polk  

(1795–1849)US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA (1845–49). His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union in 1845, and the ...
Gideon Johnson Pillow

Gideon Johnson Pillow  

(1806–78) Confederate army officer. Having befriended James K. Polk, a native of the same Tennessee region, he received a commission as brigadier general of volunteers from Polk after Polk's election ...
Battle of Mexico City

Battle of Mexico City  

The final campaign of the Mexican War, won by the United States on September 14, 1848. In early 1847, President James K. Polk and Gen. Winfield Scott planned to occupy ...
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden

Thomas Leonidas Crittenden  

(1819–93) Union army officer and lawyer, born in Russellville, Kentucky. As an aide to the staff of Gen. Zachary Taylor during the Mexican War (1846–48), Crittenden was selected to carry ...
Gideon Welles

Gideon Welles  

(1802–1878) U.S. politician and Secretary of the Navy. Born in Glastonbury, Connecticut, on July 1, 1802, Gideon Welles attended the academy at Norwich, Vermont (now Norwich University). In the 1820s ...
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo  

A treaty signed in Guadalupe-Hidalgo on February 2, 1848, to end the Mexican War (1846–48). The United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million and assume $3 million in adjusted ...
George Bancroft

George Bancroft  

(1800–1891),Massachusetts statesman and scholar, while holding various government posts obtained material for his monumental History of the United States (1834–76). As secretary of navy under Polk, ...
Winfield Scott

Winfield Scott  

(1786–1866) Union army officer, born in Virginia. Scott was known as “Old Fuss and Feathers” because of his love of gaudy uniforms. After serving in a volunteer cavalry unit, Scott ...
Wilmot Proviso

Wilmot Proviso  

An amendment presented on August 8, 1846 by Democratic congressman David Wilmot and supported by northern congressmen to prohibit the establishment of slavery in any territories gained in the Mexican ...
John Charles Frémont

John Charles Frémont  

(1813–90)US explorer and politician. He was responsible for exploring several viable routes to the Pacific across the Rockies in the 1840s. He made an unsuccessful bid for the presidency in 1856, ...
Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson  

(1808–75)US politician; 17th President of the USA (1865–69). As the only southern senator to support the Union in the American Civil War he was appointed military governor of Tennessee. Having been ...
Zachary Taylor

Zachary Taylor  

(1784–1850)US Whig statesman, 12th President of the USA (1849–50). He became a national hero after his victories in the war with Mexico (1846–48). As President, he came into conflict with Congress ...
John Tyler

John Tyler  

(1790–1862)US Whig statesman, 10th President of the USA (1841–45). Successor to William Henry Harrison as President, he was noted for securing the annexation of Texas (1845). Throughout his political ...
State, The

State, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...where army officers, and to a lesser extent navy officers, often cultivated political connections and acted as partisan figures. In 1846 , for example, the Senate rejected President James K. Polk 's attempt to appoint Senator Thomas Hart Benton , a civilian with no military experience and a fellow Democrat, as the top general commanding the campaigns against Mexico. Polk had to content himself with two Whig generals, Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott , both aspirants to their party's presidential nomination in 1848 , as leading officers in the...

Strategy

Strategy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...to peace . Acting even less directly, they have fought limited battles at weak points along an enemy's periphery and employed economic, political, and psychological methods designed to undermine his strength or will to resist. In the Mexican War , for example, President James K. Polk directed his generals to seize Mexican territory—the northern tier of provinces bordering Texas, and ultimately the capital itself—in order to pressure Mexico to cede New Mexico and Upper California to the United States. Winfield Scott's seizure of Veracruz and movement on...

War

War: c. 8000 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Lahore, by which Jammu and Kashmir are ceded to the British Sikh Wars (1845–49) A Dictionary of World History 2 19th century Victorian era Politics British empire European empires from 1415 Mughal empire Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Europe Empires 1846 1846 President Polk sends a US army into Texas, provoking the Mexican-American War Mexican–American War (1846–48) A Dictionary of World History 2 19th century Latin America Central America Mexico North America United States 1848 1848 A treaty signed in Guadalupe-Hidalgo, ending the Mexican-American...

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