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James Knox Polk

(1795–1849) US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA (1845–49). His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union ...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
58 words

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ) US Democratic statesman, 11th President of the USA ( 1845–49 ) . His term of office resulted in major territorial additions to the USA: Texas was admitted to the Union in 1845 , and the successful outcome of the conflict with Mexico resulted in the annexation of California and the south-west two years later....

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox   Reference library

Wayne Cutler

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
715 words

...Polk, James Knox ( 1795–1849 ), eleventh president of the United States. A Jacksonian Democrat and devotee of Thomas Jefferson 's agrarian political ideology, Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, and reared in Maury County, Tennessee. Graduating with honors from the University of North Carolina in 1818 , he first practiced law and in 1823 won election to the Tennessee legislature. He married Sarah Childress in 1824 . Elected to Congress in 1825 , he opposed President John Quincy Adams 's domestic program of economic development and...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Reference library

John H. Schroeder and Dani Holtz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ), eleventh president of the United States ( 1845–1849 ). Born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on 2 November 1795 , Polk moved to Tennessee with his family in 1806 and graduated from the University of North Carolina. Admitted to the bar in 1820 , Polk became an active Jacksonian Democrat, serving in Congress from 1825 to 1839 , as Speaker of the House from 1835 to 1839 , and as governor of Tennessee from 1839 to 1841 . During the 1844 presidential contest, the first election centered around foreign policy, Polk...

Polk, James Knox

Polk, James Knox (1795–1849)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., James Knox ( 1795–1849 ) 11th president of the United States , born in North Carolinia . Polk, who moved to Tennessee as a child, was admitted to the bar in 1820 and quickly became active in politics, entering the state legislature in 1823 . In 1825 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he viewed slavery as an evil to be borne. He opposed high tariffs and supported only limited spending for internal improvements. Polk served as House Speaker for two terms ( 1835–39 ). To signal his opposition to the new Whig party, headed by ...

Oregon Trail

Oregon Trail  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A route across the central US, from the Missouri to Oregon, some 3,000 km (2,000 miles) in length. It was used chiefly in the 1840s by settlers moving west.
Mexican War

Mexican War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1846–48) a war that vastly increased U.S. territory and contributed to the sectional crisis. Elected in 1844 on a platform of expansionism, James K. Polk moved quickly to fulfill his ...
Henry Clay

Henry Clay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1777–1852)US statesman and orator. As Speaker of the House of Representatives (1811–14) he played a central role in the agitation leading to the War of 1812, and was one of the commissioners ...
Congress

Congress  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The national legislative body of the United States, which meets at the Capitol in Washington DC; it was established by the Constitution of 1787 and is composed of the Senate and the House of ...
James Gillespie Birney

James Gillespie Birney  

(b. 4 February 1792; d. 25 November 1857), abolitionist and two-time presidential candidate for the Liberty Party.James Gillespie Birney was born in Danville, Kentucky, to a slaveholding family. He ...
Liberty Party

Liberty Party  

The Liberty party was organized in Warsaw, New York, in 1839 by abolitionists convinced that they must take their decade-long antislavery propaganda campaign into the polling booth to accomplish ...
Oregon treaty

Oregon treaty  

1846.The disputed eastern boundary between Canada and the USA was settled by the Ashburton treaty of 1842. The vast area between the Rockies and the Pacific known as the Oregon Territory was covered ...
Constitutional and Political Basis of War and the Military

Constitutional and Political Basis of War and the Military  

Reference type:
Overview Page
When the framers met in Philadelphia to draft the U.S. Constitution, they were aware that existing models of government placed the war power squarely in the hands of the king. ...
War Plans

War Plans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An effective war plan must reflect the goals of the state and enable a nation's armed forces to fight on favorable terms. Strategic plans have to deal with numerous factors ...
Expansionism

Expansionism  

Expansionism—the desire of nations and empires to annex lands, peoples, or resources belonging to others—is a peculiar characteristic of a world order where boundaries are subject to the ambitions of ...
Civil-Military Relations

Civil-Military Relations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Americans have traditionally been suspicious of military governance, a distrust that stems from their belief in individual liberty, representative government, and civilian control of the military. ...
Whig Party

Whig Party  

A US political party of the second quarter of the 19th century. The Whig Party was formed in the mid‐1830s by those who opposed what was perceived as the executive tyranny of President Andrew ...
Democratic Party

Democratic Party  

One of the two main political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican party, which follows a broadly liberal program, tending to support social reform and minority rights.[...]
Polk, James K

Polk, James K (b. 2 November 1795)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
613 words

..., James K ( b. 2 November 1795 ; d. 15 June 1849 ), eleventh president of the United States. James Knox Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. His father, Samuel Polk, was a prosperous farmer who owned thousands of acres of land and about fifty slaves in Tennessee. His mother, Jane Knox Polk, was a devout Presbyterian who instilled Calvinist virtues of hard work and self-discipline in her son. The eldest of ten children, Polk was a sickly child. At the age of seventeen he underwent a very dangerous and painful operation in order to have...

Buchanan, James

Buchanan, James   Reference library

Joel H. Silbey

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
359 words

...Buchanan, James ( 1791–1868 ), fifteenth president of the United States. Born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, the son of a storekeeper and farmer, Buchanan was a successful lawyer who soon turned to politics. Originally a Federalist, he became a Jacksonian Democrat, serving successively as a state legislator, congressman, minister to Russia ( 1832–1834 ), U.S. Senator ( 1834–1845 ), secretary of state under James Knox Polk ( 1845–1849 ), and ambassador to Great Britain ( 1853–1856 ). Like other antebellum Democrats, Buchanan distrusted federal power,...

Liberty Party.

Liberty Party.   Reference library

Joel H. Silbey

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
323 words

...1 percent of the national vote in the 1840 presidential election, and just over 2 percent in 1844 . Some historians suggest that its New York State vote in the latter year denied the state to the Whig candidate, Henry Clay , and insured the election of the slaveholder James Knox Polk , but this involves the unlikely assumption that in the Liberty party's absence, its voters would have cast their ballots for Clay. It is more useful to see the Liberty party as an early manifestation a gathering movement that would culminate in the crusades of the Free...

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