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1 The athwartships curve of a ship's deck, usually giving a fall towards the sides of a quarter of an inch (6.35 mm) to each foot (30.5 cm). 2 A small ...

McAdam, John Loudon

McAdam, John Loudon (1756–1836)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

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...argued, but they ignorantly wasted money on constant, futile repairs of easily rutted surfaces. McAdam prescribed a composition of small stones, broken to a maximum diameter of one inch and laid to a depth of one foot directly onto the subsoil, with no added sand or earth; the camber should be minimized. Under the weight of passing traffic the stones would coalesce into a smooth, solid, dust-free surface. Reuse of the large stones that had been dumped ineffectually by earlier menders, combined with fewer repairs in future, would guarantee lower costs. The...