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Subject: History

1 The athwartships curve of a ship's deck, usually giving a fall towards the sides of a quarter of an inch (6.35 mm) to each foot (30.5 cm). 2 A small ...

engineering, military

engineering, military   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

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...in the case of enemy works, demolished by ordinary sappers and pioneers , who are required to possess only basic field engineering skills. The simplest form of road in field engineering consists of two parallel ditches with the excavated spoil heaped between them to produce a cambered way. An alternative type, widely used in wooded swampy areas, is the corduroy road, made by felling trees to clear a path, splitting the trunks, and laying them transversely to form a corrugated roadway. More permanent roads, built by military engineers for strategic purposes,...