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Barry Jackson

(1879–1961) English director and manager. Trained as an architect, Jackson was heir to a fortune derived from one of the leading grocery firms in the Midlands. In 1907 he founded ...

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...of the House Henry Clay , and war hero Andrew Jackson. Jackson won a plurality of the national popular vote. With no candidate winning a majority of the Electoral Vote, the House selected Adams as president. When Adams appointed Clay as his secretary of state, Jackson ’s partisans charged that the speaker had entered into a corrupt bargain with Adams , engineering his election in the House in return for this prestigious cabinet appointment. The Second Party System and Its Collapse.   Jackson gained his revenge four years later, easily...

Conservatism

Conservatism   Reference library

Gregory L. Schneider

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,563 words

...founded magazines and publishing houses, and connected through a series of foundations and grassroots organizations. Young conservatives in particular longed to become active in politics and challenge the dominant liberalism of the day. They found their inspiration in Senator Barry Goldwater (R-Arizona), who published a collection of speeches, Conscience of a Conservative , in March 1960 . Conservative students fought for the draft of Goldwater as vice president at the Republican convention in 1960 . After Goldwater failed to secure the slot, they...

AN OVERVIEW

AN OVERVIEW  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...unpalatable as concerns about health and quality of life turned clean air, pure water, and open space into desirable amenities worthy of government protection (indeed, sprawling suburbia often imperiled them). Writers like Aldo Leopold ( 1949 ), Rachel Carson ( 1962 ), and Barry Commoner ( 1970 ) introduced a popular ecological discourse that once more draped a moral message in scientific garb, articulating nature’s nonanthropocentric value beyond the market and declaring its complexity, diversity, and “balance” vulnerable to unchecked technology,...

Elections

Elections   Reference library

J. Morgan Kousser, Alan Ware, Allan J. Lichtman, Charles A. Kromkowski, and Donald A. DeBats

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
14,415 words

...of the House Henry Clay , and war hero Andrew Jackson. Jackson won a plurality of the national popular vote. With no candidate winning a majority of the Electoral Vote, the House selected Adams as president. When Adams appointed Clay as his secretary of state, Jackson ’s partisans charged that the speaker had entered into a corrupt bargain with Adams , engineering his election in the House in return for this prestigious cabinet appointment. The Second Party System and Its Collapse.   Jackson gained his revenge four years later, easily...

Environmental Policy

Environmental Policy   Reference library

Paul Charles Milazzo, Donald T. Critchlow, Mark J. Rozell, and Donald T. Critchlow

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
5,203 words

...unpalatable as concerns about health and quality of life turned clean air, pure water, and open space into desirable amenities worthy of government protection (indeed, sprawling suburbia often imperiled them). Writers like Aldo Leopold ( 1949 ), Rachel Carson ( 1962 ), and Barry Commoner ( 1970 ) introduced a popular ecological discourse that once more draped a moral message in scientific garb, articulating nature’s nonanthropocentric value beyond the market and declaring its complexity, diversity, and “balance” vulnerable to unchecked technology,...

Federal Government, Executive Branch

Federal Government, Executive Branch   Reference library

David K. Nichols, Richard C. Sawyer, Steven L. Rearden, Pearson Bramblett, Daniel J. Tichenor, David L. Herzberg, Daniel J. Tichenor, Joshua H. Mather, Henry F. Graff, Robert David Johnson, and Jesse Stiller

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
12,762 words

...his distrust of executive power, he allowed for the continued expansion of the executive branch to handle the exigencies of government. It was, however, Andrew Jackson who first embraced the idea of permanent political parties. Arguing that the president rather than Congress could best claim to represent the people, Jackson relied on that claim to defend extensive executive discretion. Jackson used the spoils system—giving federal jobs to one’s political supporters—to tie the national government to the people through the party machinery and also to establish...

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