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Overview

Barry Jackson

(1879–1961) English director and manager. Trained as an architect, Jackson was heir to a fortune derived from one of the leading grocery firms in the Midlands. In 1907 he founded ...

Separation of Powers

Separation of Powers   Reference library

Wallace Mendelson

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
5,197 words

... Deal program followed. By the 1950s that party had lost its zest as had the Republican party much earlier. Even the bright new Kennedy administration was frustrated in Congress. Then the shock of the assassination along with huge Democratic congressional majorities—thanks to Barry Goldwater 's unsuccessful 1964 campaign—enabled President Lyndon B. Johnson to push a major reform program through Congress. Given the Vietnam War , the period of harmony and vigorous legislative reform was brief. Then separation of powers produced another period of...

History of the Court

History of the Court   Reference library

William M. Wiecek, Michael Les Benedict, Melvin I. Urofsky, and Stephen L. Wasby

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
28,309 words

...to sit on the bench, while the more conservative Owen Roberts and Robert Jackson tended to side with Frankfurter. By 1943 most of the decisions the Court handed down had multiple opinions. The Vinson Court Chief Justice Stone died of a cerebral hemorrhage in April 1946 , and Fred Vinson took his place that fall, but before he did so, a truncated Court turned down the first challenge to malapportioned legislatures in a number of states ( see Fair Representation ). With Justice Jackson at the Nuremberg trials, Justice Frankfurter spoke for a 4‐to‐3 majority...

History of American Law

History of American Law   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
25,927 words

..., The Magic Mirror: Law in American History , 1989. Morton J. Horwitz , The Transformation of American Law, 1870—1960 , 1992. William LaPiana , Logic and Experience: The Origins of Modern Legal Education , 1994. Laura Kalman , The Strange Career of Legal Liberalism , 1996. Barry Cushman , Rethinking the New Deal Court: The Structure of a Constitutional Revolution , 1998. William M. Wiecek , The Lost World of Classical Legal Thought , 1998. Melvin I. Urofsky History of American Law: Since 1968 The headlines of 1968 reflected a society in a crisis of...

Fullagar, Wilfred Kelsham

Fullagar, Wilfred Kelsham (born 16 November 1892)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
2,827 words
Illustration(s):
1

...), involved a claim that newborn babies were inadvertently exchanged at the hospital. Fullagar gave the principal judgment, carefully reviewing what should happen when expert evidence shades into opinion evidence , and concluding (contrary to the view of the trial judge, John Barry ) ‘that the only direct scientific evidence … suggests that Nola is the child of Mr and Mrs Jenkins ’ ( see also Webb ). Appointed to the High Court in the last months of the Latham Court , Fullagar remained on the Bench through most of Dixon's term as Chief Justice . Their...

Methods in Studying Ancient Law

Methods in Studying Ancient Law   Reference library

David P. Wright and Clare K. Rothschild

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Law
Length:
10,419 words

...; Methods in Studying Ancient Law, subentry Greco-Roman Period and New Testament ; Middle Assyrian Laws ; Neo-Babylonian Laws ; Nuzi Texts ; Persian Law ; Priestly Law ; Sociology of Law ; and Theology of Law, subentry Hebrew Bible .] Bibliography Eichler, Barry L. “Literary Structure in the Laws of Eshnunna.” In Language, Literature and History: Philological and Historical Studies Presented to Erica Reiner , edited by Francesca Rochberg-Halton , pp. 71–84. American Oriental Society 67. New Haven, Conn.: American Oriental Society,...

Homicide

Homicide   Reference library

Pamela Barmash, Romulus D. Stefanut, and Beth A. Berkowitz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Law
Length:
13,521 words

... Hope, Valerie M. Death in Ancient Rome: A Source Book . Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World. London and New York: Routledge, 2007. Hope, Valerie M. Roman Death: Dying and the Dead in Ancient Rome . London and New York: Continuum, 2009. Jolowicz, H. F. , and Barry Nicholas . Historical Introduction to the Study of Roman Law . 3d ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1972. Kelhoffer, James A. Persecution, Persuasion and Power: Readiness to Withstand Hardship as a Corroboration of Legitimacy in the New Testament . Wissenschaftliche...

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...of the House Henry Clay , and war hero Andrew Jackson. Jackson won a plurality of the national popular vote. With no candidate winning a majority of the Electoral Vote, the House selected Adams as president. When Adams appointed Clay as his secretary of state, Jackson ’s partisans charged that the speaker had entered into a corrupt bargain with Adams , engineering his election in the House in return for this prestigious cabinet appointment. The Second Party System and Its Collapse.   Jackson gained his revenge four years later, easily...

Conservatism

Conservatism   Reference library

Gregory L. Schneider

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,563 words

...founded magazines and publishing houses, and connected through a series of foundations and grassroots organizations. Young conservatives in particular longed to become active in politics and challenge the dominant liberalism of the day. They found their inspiration in Senator Barry Goldwater (R-Arizona), who published a collection of speeches, Conscience of a Conservative , in March 1960 . Conservative students fought for the draft of Goldwater as vice president at the Republican convention in 1960 . After Goldwater failed to secure the slot, they...

AN OVERVIEW

AN OVERVIEW  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...unpalatable as concerns about health and quality of life turned clean air, pure water, and open space into desirable amenities worthy of government protection (indeed, sprawling suburbia often imperiled them). Writers like Aldo Leopold ( 1949 ), Rachel Carson ( 1962 ), and Barry Commoner ( 1970 ) introduced a popular ecological discourse that once more draped a moral message in scientific garb, articulating nature’s nonanthropocentric value beyond the market and declaring its complexity, diversity, and “balance” vulnerable to unchecked technology,...

Jimmy Carter

Jimmy Carter   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
3,437 words

...and fellow politicians were positive. George McGovern and Barry Goldwater both congratulated the president on his stand, as did Henry Kissinger, who wrote that after “the traumas of Vietnam and Watergate,” Carter had given Americans “a renewed sense of the basic decency of this country” (p. 60). Pundits also embraced the new credo. As Ronald Steel wrote in June 1977 : The good grey liberals on the New York Times love it; so do the Friedmanites on the Wall Street Journal . Senator Henry Jackson thinks it's made in heaven, and the hitherto-ignored members...

Elections

Elections   Reference library

J. Morgan Kousser, Alan Ware, Allan J. Lichtman, Charles A. Kromkowski, and Donald A. DeBats

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
14,415 words

...of the House Henry Clay , and war hero Andrew Jackson. Jackson won a plurality of the national popular vote. With no candidate winning a majority of the Electoral Vote, the House selected Adams as president. When Adams appointed Clay as his secretary of state, Jackson ’s partisans charged that the speaker had entered into a corrupt bargain with Adams , engineering his election in the House in return for this prestigious cabinet appointment. The Second Party System and Its Collapse.   Jackson gained his revenge four years later, easily...

Environmental Policy

Environmental Policy   Reference library

Paul Charles Milazzo, Donald T. Critchlow, Mark J. Rozell, and Donald T. Critchlow

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
5,203 words

...unpalatable as concerns about health and quality of life turned clean air, pure water, and open space into desirable amenities worthy of government protection (indeed, sprawling suburbia often imperiled them). Writers like Aldo Leopold ( 1949 ), Rachel Carson ( 1962 ), and Barry Commoner ( 1970 ) introduced a popular ecological discourse that once more draped a moral message in scientific garb, articulating nature’s nonanthropocentric value beyond the market and declaring its complexity, diversity, and “balance” vulnerable to unchecked technology,...

Federal Government, Executive Branch

Federal Government, Executive Branch   Reference library

David K. Nichols, Richard C. Sawyer, Steven L. Rearden, Pearson Bramblett, Daniel J. Tichenor, David L. Herzberg, Daniel J. Tichenor, Joshua H. Mather, Henry F. Graff, Robert David Johnson, and Jesse Stiller

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
12,762 words

...his distrust of executive power, he allowed for the continued expansion of the executive branch to handle the exigencies of government. It was, however, Andrew Jackson who first embraced the idea of permanent political parties. Arguing that the president rather than Congress could best claim to represent the people, Jackson relied on that claim to defend extensive executive discretion. Jackson used the spoils system—giving federal jobs to one’s political supporters—to tie the national government to the people through the party machinery and also to establish...

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