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Overview

Barry Jackson

(1879–1961) English director and manager. Trained as an architect, Jackson was heir to a fortune derived from one of the leading grocery firms in the Midlands. In 1907 he founded ...

applied ethics

applied ethics   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,654 words

...——, Environmental Ethics: An Overview for the Twenty-First Century (Cambridge and Malden, Mass., 2003). Attfield, Robin and Barry Wilkins (eds), International Justice and the Third World: Studies in the Philosophy of Development (London and New York, 1993). Bacon, Francis , ‘The New Atlantis’, in James Spedding , R. L. Ellis and D.D. Heath (eds), The Works of Francis Bacon , 7 vols (1859–64; repr. New York, 1968). Barry, Brian , The Liberal Theory of Justice (Oxford, 1973). Beauchamp, Tom L. and James F. Childress , Principles of Biomedical...

Graphic Novel

Graphic Novel   Reference library

Yasco Horsman

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,380 words

...francaise . Paris: Hachette, 1972. Gavrett, Paul . Graphic Novels: Stories to Change Your Life . London: Aurum, 2005. Groensteen, Thierry . The System of Comics . Translated by Bart Beaty and Nick Nguyen . Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2007. Heer, Jeet , and Kent Worcester , eds. A Comics Studies Reader . Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2009. A collection of twenty-eight classic texts on comics and graphic novels. Huyssen, Andreas . After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism . Bloomington: Indiana University...

Conceptualism

Conceptualism   Reference library

Luke Skrebowski, Luis Camnitzer, and Octavian Esanu

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
10,818 words
Illustration(s):
2

...less materially substantial or bounded objects as artworks, culminating with the proposition that an idea or possible object could be a work of art and that it need not be realized in any substantive material form to be accepted as such (indicative artists here included Robert Barry, Sol LeWitt, and Lawrence Weiner); the second phase, emerging from the perceived limitations of this first, interrogated the character of the initial interrogation and tended toward construing art as principally a theoretical practice (the Art & Language group and Joseph Kosuth...

Contemporary Art

Contemporary Art   Reference library

Thomas McEvilley, Jeremy Gilbert-Rolfe, and Sherri Irvin

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
12,562 words

...Dematerialization of the Art Object from 1966 to 1972 . New York: Praeger, 1973. Rohrbaugh, Guy . “Artworks as Historical Individuals.” European Journal of Philosophy 11, no. 2 (2003): 177–205. Smith, Barry . “Searle and De Soto: The New Ontology of the Social World.” In The Mystery of Capital and the Construction of Social Reality , edited by Barry Smith , David Mark , and Isaac Ehrlich , pp. 35–51. Chicago: Open Court, 2008. Thomasson, Amie . “Ontological Innovation in Art.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 68, no. 2 (2010): 119–130. Thomson...

Postmodernism

Postmodernism   Reference library

Daniel Herwitz, Sally Banes, and Charles Altieri

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
13,080 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and the poets who worked within the sense of excitement the art created—first in the action painting of Jackson Pollock, then in the flatbed openness of Robert Rauschenberg and the paradoxical doubling of mediating surfaces in Jasper Johns, inspired in its turn by John Cage’s elaborate structural ways of freeing the imagination from cultural indoctrination. These models influenced work ranging from the black arts aesthetics of Amiri Baraka to Jackson MacLow’s chance operations to the talk poems of David Antin. But for later generations, Frank O’Hara’s work...

Landscape

Landscape   Reference library

Christopher Fitter, Holmes Rolston III, Daniel Joseph Nadenicek, and Allen A. Carlson

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
16,656 words
Illustration(s):
2

... David Lowenthal , eds. Landscape Meanings and Values . London and Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1986. Saarinen, Thomas F. , David Seamon , and James L. Sell , eds. Environmental Perception and Behavior: An Inventory and Prospect . Chicago: University of Chicago, 1984. Sadler, Barry , and Allen Carlson , eds. Environmental Aesthetics: Essays in Interpretation . Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria, 1982. Sell, James L. , Jonathan G. Taylor , and Ervin H. Zube . “Toward a Theoretical Framework for Landscape Perception.” In Environmental Perception and Behavior:...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

Indra Kagis McEwen, Bissera V. Pentcheva, James S. Ackerman, Erika Naginski, Karsten Harries, David Goldblatt, Kristina Luce, and Aron Vinegar

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
25,690 words
Illustration(s):
6

.... De aedificiis , 540s ce, Greek text in Thesaurus linguae graecae , www.tlg.uci.edu . Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite , De divinis nominibus and De caelesti hierarchia, ca . 500 c.e., Greek text in Thesaurus linguae graecae , http://www.tlg.uci.edu . Other Sources Barry, Fabio . “Walking on Water: Cosmic Floors in Antiquity and the Middle Ages.” Art Bulletin 89, no. 4 (2007): 627–656. Franses, Rico . “When All That Is Gold Does Not Glitter.” In Icon and Word: The Power of Images in Byzantium: Studies in Honor of Robin Cormack , edited by Antony...

Caliban

Caliban   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
1,805 words

...reconstruction of and allusion to Caliban in his play Pantomime. This work does not have a Caliban in the literal sense. However, the character of Jackson bears glaring similarities to Daniel Defoe’s Friday in Robinson Crusoe and Shakespeare’s Caliban. Jackson and Caliban are products of the same political and cultural milieu. Nonetheless, in constructing fluid interactions between Jackson (read Caliban) and Harry Trewe (read Prospero), Walcott sarcastically and humorously debunks the essentialist relationship of Master-Servant and White-Black as...

Discourse

Discourse   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,766 words

...and multimedia installations. Indeed, the pervasiveness and the variety of “language works” produced during the past few decades are remarkable. Language works encompass paintings with words as dominant images (Edward Rusha), words painted on walls ( Lawrence Weiner , Robert Barry , Mel Bochner ), words printed on sheets of vinyl ( Edwin Schlossberg ), visual signs contextualized by theoretical essays ( Daniel Buren ), essays on aesthetics presented as art (the Art and Language Group), wall texts that are stories ( Jean Le Gac ), collage or sculptural...

Landscape

Landscape   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
15,487 words
Illustration(s):
3

...1988. Penning-Rowsell, Edmund C. , and David Lowenthal , eds. Landscape Meanings and Values . London and Boston, 1986. Saarinen, Thomas F. , David Seamon , and James L. Sell , eds. Environmental Perception and Behavior: An Inventory and Prospect . Chicago, 1984. Sadler, Barry , and Allen Carlson , eds. Environmental Aesthetics: Essays in Interpretation . Victoria, British Columbia, 1982. Sell, James L. , Jonathan G. Taylor , and Ervin H. Zube . Toward a Theoretical Framework for Landscape Perception. In Environmental Perception and Behavior: An...

Postmodernism

Postmodernism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
11,688 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the poets who worked within the sense of excitement the art created—first in the action painting of Jackson Pollock , then in the flatbed openness of Robert Rauschenberg and the paradoxical doubling of mediating surfaces in Jasper Johns , and later in the influence of John Cage's elaborate structural ways of freeing the imagination from cultural indoctrination. These models influenced work ranging from the black arts aesthetics of Amiri Baraka to Jackson MacLow 's chance operations to the talk poems of David Antin . But for contemporaries, Frank O'...

Contemporary Art

Contemporary Art   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
11,920 words

...Art .] The Kantian trichotomy of faculties was one of the central targets. Formalism had excluded the cognitive aspect from the art experience, so conceptual art brought cognition into the center. Artists such as Joseph Kosuth , Lawrence Weiner , William Anastasi , and Robert Barry made cognition the very material of the artwork, shaping it as artists had once shaped clay or paint. Similarly, formalism had excluded the social or ethical from art, so performance artists brought the social or ethical to the center. This was especially true of the early period...

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