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Barry Jackson

(1879–1961) English director and manager. Trained as an architect, Jackson was heir to a fortune derived from one of the leading grocery firms in the Midlands. In 1907 he founded ...

Bungaree

Bungaree  

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Overview Page
Of the Broken Bay tribe, was one of the first Aborigines (Arabanoo was the first) to have extended contact with the White settlement at Port Jackson. A well-known figure in ...
John Notman

John Notman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1810–165) British-born architect.He trained with William Henry Playfair (1790–1857) before emigrating to Philadelphia in 1831, where he designed Laurel Hill Cemetery (1836–9) in emulation of Kensal ...
Gothic Revival

Gothic Revival  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A revival of the Gothic style of architecture which began in the late 18th cent. with a new romantic interest in the medieval, and produced Walpole's Strawberry Hill and Beckford's Fonthill. This was ...
Le Va, Barry

Le Va, Barry (1 Jan 1941)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
667 words
Illustration(s):
1

...it is a question of form. Barry Le Va Cleaved Wall: Long Wall, cleavers (14) , 1969/2009. © Barry Le Va, Courtesy of Mary Boone Gallery, NY Bibliography J. Livingston : “ Barry Le Va: Distributional Sculpture, ” Artforum , vii/3 (Nov 1968), pp. 50–54 R. Pincus-Witten : Postminimalism (New York, 1977) Barry Le Va: 1966–1988 (exh. cat. by K. Kertess , Pittsburgh, PA, Carnegie–Mellon U. A.G., 1988) Barry Le Va: Munich Diary—African Sketchbook (exh. cat., ed. by M. Semff ; Munich, Staatl. Graph. Samml., 1994) C. Cherix , ed.: Barry Le Va: Fictional Excerpts,...

Unwin, Sir Raymond

Unwin, Sir Raymond (1863–1940)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
488 words

...Sir Raymond ( 1863–1940 ) English town-planner , the most influential of his time. Influenced by William Morris and by Socialist ideas, he was later drawn to the theories of Ebenezer Howard . He formed a partnership ( 1896–1914 ) with his brother-in-law, Barry Parker : as Parker & Unwin they designed St Andrew’s Church, Barrow Hill, Derbys. ( 1893 ), and several houses in the Arts-and-Crafts style before establishing their reputation by planning (from 1901 ) New Earswick Village near York for the Joseph Rowntree ( 1836–1925 ) Village...

Wool, Christopher

Wool, Christopher (1955–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
407 words

... ( 1988 ) quotes a line from the film of that name ‘SELL THE HOUSE SELL THE CAR SELL THE KIDS’, presented to combine the aggressive harshness of the message and the black capitals with the momentary difficulty of reading the text produced by the erratic spacing and word breaks. Barry Schwabsky has described him as ‘an artist of spleen not of celebration’ ( The Nation , 6–13 January 2014 ). The artist was inspired by graffiti and other works, using single words such as ‘EXTREMIST’ or ‘HYPOCRITE’ divided up three letters to the line to fit the painting’s...

Process art

Process art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,145 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Rights Society, NY Photograph by Adam Rzepka/Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou/CNAC/Dist. Reunion des Musees Nationaux/Art Resource, NY [ See also Andre, Carl ; Benglis, Lynda ; Gilliam, Sam ; Hesse, Eva ; Haacke, Hans ; Le Va, Barry ; Morris, Robert ; Pollock, Jackson ; Serra, Richard ; and Tuttle, Richard . ] Bibliography Anti-Illusion: Procedures/Materials (exh. cat. by J. Monte, New York, Whitney, 1969) R. Pincus-Witten : Postminimalism (New York, 1977) R. Morris : Continuous Project Altered Daily: The Writings of...

Notman, John

Notman, John (22 July 1810)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
680 words

...(largely destr. 1885 ), Trenton, and The Athenaeum of Philadelphia. At the State House he transformed a vernacular late-18th-century building into an example of Picturesque classicism. The Athenaeum was influenced by the Reform and Travellers Clubs in London by Sir Charles Barry ( 1795–1860 ), and it introduced the Renaissance Palazzo style into the USA. Notman also established a reputation as a designer of churches, especially Gothic Revival buildings following the tenets of the English ecclesiologists. His first modest essay in the style was the Chapel...

International exhibition

International exhibition   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
5,551 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Art Catalogue of the Pan-American Exposition (Buffalo, NY, 1901) L. Taft : The History of American Sculpture (New York, 1903) M. Bennitt : The History of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (St Louis, 1905) D. Francis : The Universal Exposition of 1904 (St Louis, 1913) J. Barry : The City of Domes (San Francisco, 1915) A. Adams : The Spirit of American Sculpture (New York, 1923) W. Craven : Sculpture in America (New York, 1968) B. Benedict : The Anthropology of World's Fairs (Berkeley and London, 1983) R. Rydell : All the World's a Fair ...

Graphic Novel

Graphic Novel   Reference library

Yasco Horsman

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,380 words

...francaise . Paris: Hachette, 1972. Gavrett, Paul . Graphic Novels: Stories to Change Your Life . London: Aurum, 2005. Groensteen, Thierry . The System of Comics . Translated by Bart Beaty and Nick Nguyen . Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2007. Heer, Jeet , and Kent Worcester , eds. A Comics Studies Reader . Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2009. A collection of twenty-eight classic texts on comics and graphic novels. Huyssen, Andreas . After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism . Bloomington: Indiana University...

Conceptualism

Conceptualism   Reference library

Luke Skrebowski, Luis Camnitzer, and Octavian Esanu

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
10,818 words
Illustration(s):
2

...less materially substantial or bounded objects as artworks, culminating with the proposition that an idea or possible object could be a work of art and that it need not be realized in any substantive material form to be accepted as such (indicative artists here included Robert Barry, Sol LeWitt, and Lawrence Weiner); the second phase, emerging from the perceived limitations of this first, interrogated the character of the initial interrogation and tended toward construing art as principally a theoretical practice (the Art & Language group and Joseph Kosuth...

Contemporary Art

Contemporary Art   Reference library

Thomas McEvilley, Jeremy Gilbert-Rolfe, and Sherri Irvin

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
12,562 words

...Dematerialization of the Art Object from 1966 to 1972 . New York: Praeger, 1973. Rohrbaugh, Guy . “Artworks as Historical Individuals.” European Journal of Philosophy 11, no. 2 (2003): 177–205. Smith, Barry . “Searle and De Soto: The New Ontology of the Social World.” In The Mystery of Capital and the Construction of Social Reality , edited by Barry Smith , David Mark , and Isaac Ehrlich , pp. 35–51. Chicago: Open Court, 2008. Thomasson, Amie . “Ontological Innovation in Art.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 68, no. 2 (2010): 119–130. Thomson...

Postmodernism

Postmodernism   Reference library

Daniel Herwitz, Sally Banes, and Charles Altieri

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
13,080 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and the poets who worked within the sense of excitement the art created—first in the action painting of Jackson Pollock, then in the flatbed openness of Robert Rauschenberg and the paradoxical doubling of mediating surfaces in Jasper Johns, inspired in its turn by John Cage’s elaborate structural ways of freeing the imagination from cultural indoctrination. These models influenced work ranging from the black arts aesthetics of Amiri Baraka to Jackson MacLow’s chance operations to the talk poems of David Antin. But for later generations, Frank O’Hara’s work...

Landscape

Landscape   Reference library

Christopher Fitter, Holmes Rolston III, Daniel Joseph Nadenicek, and Allen A. Carlson

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
16,656 words
Illustration(s):
2

... David Lowenthal , eds. Landscape Meanings and Values . London and Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1986. Saarinen, Thomas F. , David Seamon , and James L. Sell , eds. Environmental Perception and Behavior: An Inventory and Prospect . Chicago: University of Chicago, 1984. Sadler, Barry , and Allen Carlson , eds. Environmental Aesthetics: Essays in Interpretation . Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria, 1982. Sell, James L. , Jonathan G. Taylor , and Ervin H. Zube . “Toward a Theoretical Framework for Landscape Perception.” In Environmental Perception and Behavior:...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

Indra Kagis McEwen, Bissera V. Pentcheva, James S. Ackerman, Erika Naginski, Karsten Harries, David Goldblatt, Kristina Luce, and Aron Vinegar

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
25,690 words
Illustration(s):
6

.... De aedificiis , 540s ce, Greek text in Thesaurus linguae graecae , www.tlg.uci.edu . Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite , De divinis nominibus and De caelesti hierarchia, ca . 500 c.e., Greek text in Thesaurus linguae graecae , http://www.tlg.uci.edu . Other Sources Barry, Fabio . “Walking on Water: Cosmic Floors in Antiquity and the Middle Ages.” Art Bulletin 89, no. 4 (2007): 627–656. Franses, Rico . “When All That Is Gold Does Not Glitter.” In Icon and Word: The Power of Images in Byzantium: Studies in Honor of Robin Cormack , edited by Antony...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
117,015 words
Illustration(s):
77

...the Islamic Tile: Tiles from the Collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum,” Orientations , xvi/1 (1985), pp. 14–31 G. Öney : Tile Decoration in Turkish Islamic Architecture (Tokyo, 1989) Persian Tiles (exh. cat., ed. S. Carboni and T. Masuya ; New York, Met., 1993) M. Barry : Colour and Symbolism in Islamic Architecture: Eight Centuries of the Tile-maker's Art (London, 1996) [good pictures], Eng. trans. of Faïences d’azur (Paris 1995); also pubd as Design and Color in Islamic Architecture: Eight Centuries of the Tile-makers's Art (New York, 1996)...

Jackson, Michael

Jackson, Michael   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Michael British , 18th century, male. Active in London. Engraver (mezzotint) . Michael Jackson is not mentioned in biographies. In 1753 he engraved a Portrait of Spranger Barry in the role of Warbith after James...

Discourse

Discourse   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,766 words

...and multimedia installations. Indeed, the pervasiveness and the variety of “language works” produced during the past few decades are remarkable. Language works encompass paintings with words as dominant images (Edward Rusha), words painted on walls ( Lawrence Weiner , Robert Barry , Mel Bochner ), words printed on sheets of vinyl ( Edwin Schlossberg ), visual signs contextualized by theoretical essays ( Daniel Buren ), essays on aesthetics presented as art (the Art and Language Group), wall texts that are stories ( Jean Le Gac ), collage or sculptural...

Scotland

Scotland   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
9,758 words
Illustration(s):
1

...approved quality of metal. Bibliography A. J. S. Brook : ‘Technical Description of the Regalia of Scotland’, Proc. Soc. Antiqua. Scotland , xxiv (1889–90), pp. 49–141 L. I. Wood : Scottish Pewter-ware and Pewterers (Edinburgh, 1905) C. J. Jackson : English Goldsmiths and Their Marks (London, 1921); rev. as Jackson’s Silver & Gold Marks of England, Scotland & Ireland (Woodbridge, 1989) H. H. Cotterell : Old Pewter: Its Makers and Marks (London, 1929) H. Cheape , G. R. Dalgleish and others: At Home: Ten Years Collecting from Historic Scotland ...

Country Music

Country Music   Reference library

Tex Sample

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
6,881 words

...suggests that Jesus would disapprove of and not participate in the expensive lifestyles of televangelists. Likewise, “Praise the Lord and Send Me the Money” ( 1982 ) and “Wasteland of the Free” ( 1996 ) offer biting rebukes of these figures, among many other attacks. In “Preacher Barry” ( 1979 ) a local pastor comes under scrutiny, and Don Williams advises his listeners that heaven does not wait for only church attenders (“I Believe in You,” 1980 ). Songs like these led the communications scholars Rogers and Smith to observe that country composers and singers...

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