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Dictionary of Science 7e companion website

Web links

Here is a list of recommended web links, arranged alphabetically by the relevant dictionary entries:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y Z

Follow this link for archived weblinks from Dictionary of Science 6e

A  Top

absolute configuration
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_630.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature for the R–S system

accelerator
http://www-elsa.physik.uni-bonn.de/accelerator_list.html
A list of world particle accelerators and accelerator laboratories, with links, from the ELSA website at the University of Bonn

acetals
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_460.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

acid anhydrides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_534.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

acoustics
http://acousticalsociety.org/
The website of the Acoustical Society of America
http://www.ioa.org.uk/
The website of the UK Institute of Acoustics

actinium
https://www.webelements.com/actinium/
Information from the WebElements site

activation analysis
http://nmi3.eu/neutron-research/techniques-for-/chemical-analysis.html
An overview of neutron activation analysis from the NM13 information portal

acyl halides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_529.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

Ada
http://www.adaic.org/standards/ada05.html
The Ada 2005 Language Reference Manual

alcohols
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_202.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

aldehydes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_449.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

alkanes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_34.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_36.htm
Further details about nomenclature

alkenes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_53.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

alkynes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_53.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

aluminium
https://www.webelements.com/aluminium/
Information from the WebElements site

americium
https://www.webelements.com/americium/
Information from the WebElements site

amides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_543.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

amines
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_398.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of primary amines
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_402.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of secondary and tertiary amines

amino acid
http://biomodel.uah.es/en/model3/index.htm
Interactively depicts molecular structures of all the amino acids using Jmol
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/AminoAcid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

Amphibia
http://amphibiaweb.org/index.html
Hosted by the University of California, Berkeley, gives free access to information about amphibian biology and conservation

ANSI
http://www.ansi.org/
The ANSI home page

Anthophyta
http://www.tolweb.org/Angiosperms/20646
A good overview of flowering plant diversity and systematics

antimony
https://www.webelements.com/antimony/
Information from the WebElements site

apoptosis
http://biology-animations.blogspot.co.uk/search/label/apoptosis
Animations of apoptosic cells

Arachnida
http://www.arachnology.be/Arachnology.html
Descriptions and pictures for all orders of arachnids, plus societies, special spider pages, and even arachnids in literature

argon
https://www.webelements.com/argon/
Information from the WebElements site

aromatic compound
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_61.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

arsenic
https://www.webelements.com/arsenic/
Information from the WebElements site

Aspect experiment
http://www.drchinese.com/David/Aspect.pdf
The original 1982 paper in Physical Review Letters

astatine
https://www.webelements.com/astatine/
Information from the WebElements site

astrochemistry
http://www.strw.leidenuniv.nl/iau34/
The website of the astrochemistry work group of the International Astronomical Union

atomic force microscopy
http://www.nanoscience.com/products/afm/technology-overview/how-afm-works/
An account of the technique from Nanoscience Instruments Inc

Aves
http://www.birdlife.org/worldwide/partnership/about-birdlife
Global partnership of organizations involved in bird conservation

azine
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

azo compounds
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_377.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

 

B  Top

bacteria
http://www.textbookofbacteriology.net/
Online textbook of bacteriology devised by Kenneth Todar, University of Wisconsin-Madison

barium
https://www.webelements.com/barium/
Information from the WebElements site

Bell's theorem
http://www.drchinese.com/David/Bell.pdf
The original 1964 paper in Physics

berkelium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Bk/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

beryllium
https://www.webelements.com/berkelium/
Information from the WebElements site

biology
http://www.biology.arizona.edu/
This University of Arizona website contains useful links to various fields of biology, including biochemistry, cell biology, and human biology

biophysics
http://www.biophysics.org/
The website of the Biophysical Society

bismuth
https://www.webelements.com/bismuth/
Information from the WebElements site

black hole
http://hubblesite.org/explore_astronomy/black_holes/home.html
A NASA website with information about black holes

blog
http://www.nature.com/news/2006/060703/multimedia/50_science_blogs.html
Nature’s list of the fifty best blogs by working scientists

bohrium
https://www.webelements.com/bohrium/
Information from the WebElements site

boron
https://www.webelements.com/boron/
Information from the WebElements site

bottled gas
https://www.boconline.co.uk/en/sheq/gas-safety/identifying-gas-cylinders/industrial-gas-cylinder-colours/industrial-cylinder-colours.html
Information on colour coding of gas containers

Boyle, Robert
http://www.bbk.ac.uk/boyle/
The Robert Boyle project at Birkbeck College, London

brain
http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/index.php
Multilevel exploration of brain structure and function, sponsored by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research

bromine
https://www.webelements.com/bromine/
Information from the WebElements site

Brownian motion
http://www.matter.org.uk/schools/content/BrownianMotion/Default.htm
A description of the concept, using a series of simulations, from the University of Liverpool’s Matter Initiative for Schools.
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/perrin.html
Jean Perrin's paper

Bryophyta
http://bryophytes.plant.siu.edu/
A resource devoted to mosses, liverworts, and hornworts from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

buckminsterfullerene
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/fullerene/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature and representation of fullerenes and related compounds

 

C  Top

C
http://www.open-std.org/JTC1/SC22/WG14/www/docs/n1256.pdf
The current C standard

cadmium
https://www.webelements.com/cadmium/
Information from the WebElements site

caesium
https://www.webelements.com/caesium/
Information from the WebElements site

calcium
https://www.webelements.com/calcium/
Information from the WebElements site

calcium fluoride
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_fluorite(final).htm
An interactive version of the fluorite structure

californium
https://www.webelements.com/californium/
Information from the WebElements site

cancer
http://www.cancerquest.org/
Extensive multimedia coverage of cancer biology and different types of cancer, produced by Emory University

carbohydrate
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

carbon
https://www.webelements.com/carbon/
Information from the WebElements site

carboxylic acids
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_480.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

CAS registry
http://www.cas.org/content/chemical-substances/faqs
Further information from the CAS site
http://www.cambridgesoft.com/databases/login/?serviceid=128
A free service for finding CAS numbers from CambridgeSoft

cell
http://www.cellsalive.com/toc_cellbio.htm
Overview of cell biology, with animations and illustrations, from Cells Alive!

cell division
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/body/how-cells-divide.html
Animation comparing mitosis with meiosis

cerium
https://www.webelements.com/cerium/
Information from the WebElements site

CERN
http://home.cern/
The CERN public website

certificate
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5280
The Internet X509 specification

ChemDraw
http://www.cambridgesoft.com/software/overview.aspx
The CambridgeSoft website, giving details about ChemDraw and associated software

ChemSketch
http://www.acdlabs.com/products/draw_nom/draw/chemsketch/
Details and download from Advanced Chemistry Development website

chlorine
https://www.webelements.com/chlorine/
Information from the WebElements site

chromium
https://www.webelements.com/chromium/
Information from the WebElements site

climate change
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate-guide
Overview of climate science and the mechanisms of climate change, from the UK Met Office
http://www.ipcc.ch/index.htm#.Up7-hOIqcjo
Home page of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

close packing
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CubicClosePacking.html
An interactive version of cubic close packing
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/HexagonalClosePacking.html
An interactive version of hexagonal close packing

Cnidaria
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/cnidaria/cnidaria.html
Part of the comprehensive website of the University of California Museum of Paleontology, providing a useful summary of cnidarian biology and systematics

cobalt
https://www.webelements.com/cobalt/
Information from the WebElements site

COBE
http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov/product/cobe/
The NASA website for the COBE project

Compton effect
https://www.aip.org/history/exhibits/gap/Compton/01_Compton.html
Compton's original 1923 paper in The Physical Review

conductivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_3/2_3_7.html
Values of thermal conductivity for a range of materials at the NPL

constellation
http://www.iau.org/public/themes/constellations/
Information about constellations, including clear star charts, from the International Astronomical Union
http://www.ianridpath.com/boundaries.htm
A discussion of how the present constellation boundaries were established by the IAU in 1930

continental drift
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/geology/anim1.html
Animation of continental drift during the earth's history

coordination compound
http://www.chemistry.wustl.edu/~edudev/LabTutorials/naming_coord_comp.html
Rules for naming coordination compounds

copper
https://www.webelements.com/copper/
Information from the WebElements site

cosmology
http://www.astro.caltech.edu/~lgg/
The home page of the Caltech Observational Cosmology Group
http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/research/gr/public/cos_home.html
A cosmology website run by the University of Cambridge

Crustacea
http://tolweb.org/Crustacea/2529
Overview of crustacean phylogeny at the Tree of Life web project

crystal lattice
http://www.doitpoms.ac.uk/tlplib/crystallography3/lattice.php
Animated teaching aids from the University of Cambridge cubic crystal
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_simplecubic(final).htm
An interactive version of a simple cubic crystal
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_bcc(final).htm
An interactive version of a body-centred cubic crystal
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_ccp(final).htm
An interactive version of a face-centred cubic crystal

Curie, Marie
https://www.aip.org/history/exhibits/curie/
A comprehensive website about her life and work run by The American Institute of Physics Center for History of Physics

curium
https://www.webelements.com/curium/
Information from the WebElements site

cycloalkanes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_60.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

cyclophane
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/phane/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

cyclotron
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6Nx-jNGp5s
Video about the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory

 

D  Top

dark matter
http://cdms.berkeley.edu/
The home page of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search Experiment

darmstadtium
https://www.webelements.com/darmstadtium/
Information from the WebElements site

Darwin, Charles
http://darwin-online.org.uk/
The complete works of Charles Darwin online

decay
http://www.nist.gov/pml/data/halflife.cfm
Values of radionuclide half-lives at the NIST website

density
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_2/2_2_1.html
Values of densities of commonly used materials at the NPL website

depression of freezing point
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/raoult.html
Raoult's original paper

diazo compounds
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_377.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

dinosaur
http://internt.nhm.ac.uk/discover/dino-directory/index.html
A Dino Directory produced by the Natural History Museum, London; contains a wealth of information and images

DNA
http://www.dnaftb.org/
An animated primer on basic aspects of DNA, genes, and heredity; produced for the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

DNA barcode
http://www.ibol.org/
Website of the International Barcode of Life project

Döbereiner's triads
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/dobereiner.html
Döbereiner's original paper

Document Object Model
https://www.w3.org/DOM/
The WSC's DOM page

domain name system
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1034
Introduction to the Internet domain name system
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1035
Domain names – implementation and specification

dubnium
https://www.webelements.com/dubnium/
Information from the WebElements site

Dulong and Petit's law
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/petit.html
A translation of the original 1819 paper in Annals of Philosophy

DVD
http://www.dvdforum.org
The DVD Forum home page

dwarf planet
http://www.iau.org/news/pressreleases/detail/iau0603/
International Astronomical Union 2006 General Assembly: Result of the IAU resolution votes. This press release carries the official definition of a planet and dwarf planet
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/dwarf
NASA's explanation of the IAU's definitions of ‘planet' and ‘dwarf planet'

dysprosium
https://www.webelements.com/dysprosium/
Information from the WebElements site

 

E  Top

earth
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/
NASA's earth observatory

Echinodermata
http://tolweb.org/Echinodermata
Overview of echinoderm characteristics and phylogeny from the Tree of Life Project

eclipse
http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
NASA's eclipse website, a fully comprehensive site maintained by Fred Espenak at the Goddard Space Flight Center, near Washington DC

ecosystem
http://www.millenniumassessment.org/en/index.aspx
The latest Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Reports commissioned by the United Nations

Einstein, Albert
https://www.aip.org/history/exhibits/einstein/
A comprehensive website about Einstein’s life and work run by The American Institute of Physics Center for History of Physics

einsteinium
https://www.webelements.com/einsteinium/
Information from the WebElements site

electrolysis
http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c123/eltlysis.html
An introductory guide to electrolysis from the University of Waterloo, Ontario

electron microscope
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/electronmicroscopy/magnify1/index.html
A tutorial featuring virtual scanning electron microscopy, created by the Optical Microscopy Division of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

embryology
https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Main_Page
Hosted by the University of New South Wales, this dynamic site explores human embryology and development

ENCODE
https://www.encodeproject.org/
Encyclopedia of DNA Elements

endangered species
http://www.iucn.org/
Official website of the IUCN

entropy
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~GIUNTA/clausius.html
Translations of papers by Clausius on entropy (1850) and the second law (1865), published in Annalen der Physik und Chemie

enzyme
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iubmb/enzyme/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

erbium
https://www.webelements.com/erbium/
Information from the WebElements site

esters
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_511.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

ethers
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_227.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

europium
https://www.webelements.com/europium/
Information from the WebElements site

evolution
http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/home.php
Understanding Evolution, created by the University of California Museum of Paleontology, covers the evidence for and mechanisms of evolution

expansivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_3/2_3_5.html
Values of the expansivity of selected liquids and solids at the NPL website

eye
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/anatomy_of_the_eye/article_em.htm
Anatomy and physiology of the eye

 

F  Top

fermium
https://www.webelements.com/fermium/
Information from the WebElements site

fibre optics
http://www.arcelect.com/fibercable.htm
A comprehensive tutorial from Arc Electronics

fluorine
https://www.webelements.com/fluorine/
Information from the WebElements site

francium
https://www.webelements.com/francium/
Information from the WebElements site

fundamental constants
http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Constants/
Values of fundamental physical constants from NIST

fungi
http://www.tolweb.org/Fungi/2377
Tree of Life survey of fungi, including phylogeny plus many links to other sites

 

G  Top

gadolinium
https://www.webelements.com/gadolinium/
Information from the WebElements site

gallium
https://www.webelements.com/gallium/
Information from the WebElements site

genetics
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/
Essential genetic topics described using entertaining animations, produced by the Genetic Science Learning Center of Utah State University

geodetic effect
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/gpb/index.html
The home page of NASA's Gravity Probe B experiment to investigate the geodetic effect

geomagnetism
http://geomag.usgs.gov/
The website of the USGS National Geomagnetism Program
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_7/2_7_6.html
Geomagnetic data at the NPL website

germanium
https://www.webelements.com/germanium/
Information from the WebElements site

global positioning system
http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/ato/service_units/techops/navservices/gnss/faq/gps/
FAQ covering the global positioning system provided by the US Federal Aviation Administration

gold
https://www.webelements.com/gold/
Information from the WebElements site

gravitational waves
https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/
The home page of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)

gravity
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/missions/grace.html

The home page of the NASA/JPL Gravity Recovery and Climate experiment to make precise measurements of the earth's gravitational field

 

 

H  Top

hafnium
https://www.webelements.com/hafnium
Information from the WebElements site

hassium
https://www.webelements.com/hassium
Information from the WebElements site

heat capacity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_3/2_3_6.html
Values of specific heat capacity for a range of gases, liquids, and solids

helium
https://www.webelements.com/helium/
Information from the WebElements site

Hexapoda
http://tolweb.org/Hexapoda/2528
Overview of insect characteristics and phylogeny, with links to insect orders, at the Tree of Life web project

holmium
https://www.webelements.com/holmium/
Information from the WebElements site

hominid
http://www.becominghuman.org/
Interactive documentary narrated by palaeontologist Donald Johanson and presented by the Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University

hominin
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-family-tree
Interactive family tree of hominin evolution from the Smithsonian Institution

HTML
https://www.w3.org/TR/html5/
The HTML (version 5) specification

HTTP
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616
The HTTP (version 1.1) specification

hydrazones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

hydrogen
https://www.webelements.com/hydrogen/
Information from the WebElements site

hydrogen spectrum
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/balmer.html
A translation of Balmer's 1885 paper on the spectral lines of hydrogen in Annalen der Physik und Chemie

hydroxylamine
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_409.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

 

I  Top

imides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_543.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

imines
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_406.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

indium
https://www.webelements.com/indium/
Information from the WebElements site

iodine
https://www.webelements.com/iodine/
Information from the WebElements site

ionization chamber
http://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/ASD/ie.pl?spectra=H-DS+i&units=1&at_num_out=on&el_name_out=on&shells_out=on&level_out=on&e_out=0&unc_out=on&biblio=on
Values for ionization energies of neutral atoms at the NIST website

iridium
https://www.webelements.com/iridium/
Information from the WebElements site

iron
https://www.webelements.com/iron/
Information from the WebElements site

isonitrile
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_557.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

isotope
http://www.nist.gov/pml/data/comp.cfm
Isotopic compositions at the NIST website

IUPAC
http://iupac.org/
The IUPAC home page

IUPAP
http://iupap.org/
The IUPAP home page

 

J  Top

JavaScript
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript
Mozilla's documentation for JavaScript

JMol
http://jmol.sourceforge.net/
Details and a download for JMol from SourceForge

Jupiter
http://www.astronomycast.com/2007/10/episode-56-jupiter/
Transcript of 2007 podcast discussion between Fraser Cain and Dr Pamela Gay, astronomer, writer, podcaster, and teacher

 

K  Top

ketals
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_460.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

ketene
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_292.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

ketones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_453.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

krypton
https://www.webelements.com/krypton/
Information from the WebElements site

Kuiper belt
http://www2.ess.ucla.edu/~jewitt/kb.html
The Kuiper Belt home page, maintained by David Jewett, one of the co-discoverers of the first known Kuiper belt object in 1992

 

L  Top

lactams
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_521.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of lactams and lactims

lactones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_521.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

lanthanum
https://www.webelements.com/lanthanum/
Information from the WebElements site

Large Hadron Collider
http://home.cern/topics/large-hadron-collider
The Large Hadron Collider home page at CERN

law of octaves
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/newlands.html
John Newlands' paper

lawrencium
https://www.webelements.com/lawrencium/
Information from the WebElements site

lead
https://www.webelements.com/lead/
Information from the WebElements site

Le Chatelier's principle
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/lechat.html
Le Chatelier's original paper

Lense–Thirring effect
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/gpb/index.html
The home page of NASA's Gravity Probe B experiment to investigate frame dragging

lipid
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/lipid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of lipids

Lissajous figures
https://nationalmaglab.org/education/magnet-academy/watch-play/interactive/lissajous-figures-on-an-oscilloscope
An interactive simulation of an oscilloscope producing Lissajous figures from the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

lithium
https://www.webelements.com/lithium/
Information from the WebElements site

liver
http://www.britishlivertrust.org.uk/liver-information/
Summary of liver anatomy, functions, and diseases, compiled by the British Liver Trust

lutetium
https://www.webelements.com/lutetium/
Information from the WebElements site

 

M  Top

magnesium
https://www.webelements.com/magnesium/
Information from the WebElements site

magnetism
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_6/2_6_6.html
Values for the magnetic properties of materials at the NPL website

manganese
https://www.webelements.com/manganese/
Information from the WebElements site

Mars
http://www.skymania.com/wp/welcome-to-planet-mars/
A comprehensive guide to Mars and how to observe it
http://www.google.com/mars/
Google Mars – interactive images of the planet

meitnerium
https://www.webelements.com/meitnerium/
Information from the WebElements site

mendelevium
https://www.webelements.com/mendelevium/
Information from the WebElements site

mercury
https://www.webelements.com/mercury/
Information from the WebElements site

Michaelis–Menten curve
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/menten.html
Original paper on Michaelis–Menten kinetics

Michelson–Morley experiment
https://www.aip.org/history/exhibits/gap/Michelson/Michelson.html
The original 1887 paper in The American Journal of Science

microbiology
http://www.microbiologysociety.org/
Home page of the Microbiology Society

microbiome
https://commonfund.nih.gov/hmp/index
NIH Human Microbiome Project

Millikan, Robert Andrews
https://www.aip.org/history/exhibits/gap/Millikan/Millikan.html
One of Millikan's original papers (1911) in The Physical Review

molecular biology
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/molecular-biology/#1.2
Web page from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy summarizing the history, concepts, and experimental approaches of molecular biology

Mollusca
http://malacsoc.org.uk/
Website of the Malacological Society of London, dedicated to the advancement of knowledge and research on molluscs

molybdenum
https://www.webelements.com/molybdenum/
Information from the WebElements site

moon
http://www.moon.com.co/atlas/index.shtml
Lunar Navigator Full Moon Atlas
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/
Exploring the moon: a site devoted to the US Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo missions

Moseley's law
http://www.chemistry.co.nz/henry_moseley_article.htm
Original paper on Moseley’s law

muscle
http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio201/muscle/mustut.htm
Interactive tutorial identifying the principal muscles of the human body

mutation
http://www.dnaftb.org/27/
First of two topics on mutation from the online resource ‘DNA from the Beginning’

 

N  Top

Nematoda
https://nematologists.org/
Website of the Society of Nematologists

neodymium
https://www.webelements.com/neodymium/
Information from the WebElements site

neon
https://www.webelements.com/neon/
Information from the WebElements site

Neptune
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/neptune
NASA's introduction to the planet and its moons

neptunium
https://www.webelements.com/neptunium/
Information from the WebElements site

nervous system
http://www.innerbody.com/image/nervov.html
Basic interactive guide to the anatomy of the human nervous system, from Human Anatomy Online

neutrino
http://neutrino.phys.washington.edu/~superk/
The US website for the Super-Kamiokande neutrino observatory

neutron
http://www.nature.com/physics/looking-back/chadwick/index.html
Chadwick's 1932 letter to Nature on the discovery of the neutron

New General Catalogue
http://spider.seds.org/ngc/ngc.html
The interactive NGC Catalog online, hosted by the Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS)

nickel
https://www.webelements.com/nickel/
Information from the WebElements site

nickel arsenide structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_NiAs(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

niobium
https://www.webelements.com/niobium/
Information from the WebElements site

nitriles
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_557.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

nitrogen
https://www.webelements.com/nitrogen/
Information from the WebElements site

nobelium
https://www.webelements.com/nobelium/
Information from the WebElements site

Nomarski microscope
http://www.olympusmicro.com/primer/techniques/dic/dicoverview.html
Overview of Nomarski microscopy with interactive tutorials, from Olympus Microscopy Resource Center

NSOM
http://www.eng.utah.edu/~lzang/images/Lecture_16_NSOM.pdf
An account of the NSOM technique

nuclear fission
http://www.thenakedscientists.com/HTML/articles/article/lise-meitner-the-nucleus-of-fission/
Background to Lise Meitner's co-discovery of nuclear fission

nuclear fusion
http://www.chemteam.info/Chem-History/Rutherford-1934b/Rutherford-1934b.html
Rutherford's 1934 paper in Proceedings of the Royal Society

nuclear magnetic resonance imaging
http://www.cis.rit.edu/htbooks/mri/inside.htm
A comprehensive online textbook covering all aspects of magnetic resonance imaging

nuclear reactor
http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/nuclear-fuel-cycle/nuclear-power-reactors/nuclear-power-reactors.aspx
The website of the World Nuclear Association; an association of companies in the nuclear industry

nucleic acid
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_557.htm
Information about UIPAC nomenclature

nuclide
http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/chart/index.jsp
An interactive chart giving detailed information on all nuclides, from the National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory

 

O  Top

olfaction
http://www.cf.ac.uk/biosi/staffinfo/jacob/
Entertaining tutorial on the sense of smell compiled by Tim Jacob of Cardiff University

organometallic compound
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_18.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

osmium
https://www.webelements.com/osmium/
Information from the WebElements site

oximes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

oxygen
https://www.webelements.com/oxygen/
Information from the WebElements site

ozone layer
http://www.epa.gov/ozone/science/sc_fact.html
Description of the ozone layer, its depletion, and steps to protect it, produced by the US Environmental Protection Agency

 

P  Top

palladium
https://www.webelements.com/palladium/
Information from the WebElements site

parasitism
http://www.cdc.gov/dpdx/
Comprehensive descriptions of human parasites feature in this diagnostic website of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

peptide
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/AminoAcid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of peptides

periodic table
https://www.webelements.com/
The WebElements table produced by Mark Winter at the University of Sheffield
http://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt_database.php
Over 50 different forms of the periodic table in the Chemogenesis web book by Mark R. Leach

peroxides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_245.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

persistent organic pollutant
http://chm.pops.int/default.aspx
Official Stockholm Convention site

phosphorus
https://www.webelements.com/phosphorus/
Information from the WebElements site

photometry
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_5/2_5_3.html
Photometric data available at the NPL website

photosynthesis
http://www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/cfb/Photosynthesis.htm
Summary of photosynthesis, with illustrations and animations, compiled by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Pisces
http://australianmuseum.net.au/fishes
The Australian Museum Fish Site, an extensive site catering for fish enthusiasts at various levels

planet
http://www.iau.org/public/faq/
The International Astronomical Union's question and answer sheet about planets
http://nineplanets.org/
A multimedia tour of the planets, the sun, and the other members of the solar system

plant
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/Map1.html
Movable hyperbolic tree of plant phylogeny, devised by ‘Deep Green’ and hosted by the University of California, Berkeley

platinum
https://www.webelements.com/platinum/
Information from the WebElements site

Pluto
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/pluto
NASA's introduction to the dwarf planet and its satellites

plutonium
https://www.webelements.com/plutonium/
Information from the WebElements site

pollution
http://www.worstpolluted.org/
The Blacksmith Institute's list of the worst pollution problems facing the world

polonium
https://www.webelements.com/polonium/
Information from the WebElements site

Polymers
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/rssop/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

Porifera
http://animaldiversity.org/site/accounts/information/Porifera.html
Overview of the sponges, including their biology and classification, from the University of Michigan's Museum of Zoology Diversity Web

potassium
https://www.webelements.com/potassium/
Information from the WebElements site

praseodymium
https://www.webelements.com/praseodymium/
Information from the WebElements site

Primates
http://anthro.palomar.edu/primate/
Wide-ranging account of primate characteristics and taxonomy, compiled by Dennis O'Neil, Palomar College, California

promethium
https://www.webelements.com/promethium/
Information from the WebElements site

protactinium
https://www.webelements.com/protactinium/
Information from the WebElements site

Prout's hypothesis
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/prout.html
William Prout's original paper

 

R  Top

radical
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_569.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_1036.htm
List of radical names

radium
https://www.webelements.com/radium/
Information from the WebElements site

radon
https://www.webelements.com/radon/
Information from the WebElements site

rainforest
http://www.ran.org/
Website for Rainforest Action Network, an international organization that campaigns to protect the rainforests

Raman effect
http://www.uky.edu/~holler/raman.html
The original paper in Nature (1928) by Raman and Krishnan

Raoult's law
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/raoult2.html
Raoult's original paper in Comptes Rendus (1887)

RasMol
http://www.umass.edu/microbio/rasmol/getras.htm
A downloadable version of RasMol from the website of the University of Massachusetts Amherst

reconciliation ecology
http://www.wildlifetrusts.org/living-landscape
Living landscapes projects of UK wildlife trusts

relative atomic mass
http://www.nist.gov/pml/data/comp.cfm
Values of r.a.m. at the NIST website
https://www.webelements.com/periodicity/atomic_weight/
Information from the WebElements site

Reptilia
http://www.tolweb.org/Amniota/14990
This Amniota page from the Tree of Life Project shows the phylogenetic relationships of reptile groups, birds, and mammals

resistivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_6/2_6_1.html
Values of resistivity for a range of materials at the NPL website

respiration
http://biology.about.com/od/cellularprocesses/a/cellrespiration.htm
Overview of cellular respiration, with animation and illustrations; from About.com

rhenium
https://www.webelements.com/rhenium/
Information from the WebElements site

rhodium
https://www.webelements.com/rhodium/
Information from the WebElements site

ring
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_63.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of used rings

RNA
http://www.dnaftb.org/21/
Animated account of the roles of RNA in protein synthesis; part of the ‘DNA from the Beginning' website

rock salt structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_rocksalt(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

roentgenium
https://www.webelements.com/roentgenium/
Information from the WebElements site

rubidium
https://www.webelements.com/rubidium/
Information from the WebElements site

ruthenium
https://www.webelements.com/ruthenium/
Information from the WebElements site

rutherfordium
https://www.webelements.com/rutherfordium/
Information from the WebElements site

rutile structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_rutile(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

 

S  Top

samarium
https://www.webelements.com/samarium/
Information from the WebElements site

Saturn
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/saturn
NASA's profile of the planet and its moons

SAX
http://www.saxproject.org/
The SAX home page

scandium
https://www.webelements.com/scandium/
Information from the WebElements site

scanning probe microscopy
https://www.mobot.org/jwcross/spm/
Overview of scanning probe microscopy techniques

scanning tunnelling microscopy
http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/physics/microscopes/scanning/index.html
An account of the technique (with video simulation) from the Nobel Prize website)

seaborgium
https://www.webelements.com/seaborgium/
Information from the WebElements site

seismology
http://www.earthquakes.bgs.ac.uk/
The British Geological Survey seismology home page

selenium
https://www.webelements.com/selenium/
Information from the WebElements site

semicarbazones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

silicon
https://www.webelements.com/silicon/
Information from the WebElements site

silver
https://www.webelements.com/silver/
Information from the WebElements site

skeleton
http://www.eskeletons.org/
The e-Skeletons Project site explores the comparative skeletal anatomy of humans and other primates

SOAP
https://www.w3.org/2000/xp/Group/
The W3C's XML Protocol Working Group page

sodium
https://www.webelements.com/sodium/
Information from the WebElements site

spectroscopy
https://www.nist.gov/pml/atomic-spectra-database
The NIST atomic spectra database
http://www.nist.gov/pml/data/handbook/index.cfm
NIST Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data
http://web.mit.edu/spectroscopy/history/spec-history.html
A history of spectroscopy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

sphalerite structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_blende(final).htm
An interactive version of the sphalerite structure

spinel structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_spinel(final).htm
An interactive version of the spinel structure

stem cell
http://www.stem-cell-forum.net/
Website of the International Stem Cell Forum, which promotes good practice and progress in stem cell research

steroid
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/steroid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

strontium
https://www.webelements.com/strontium/
Information from the WebElements site

sugar
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

sulphanes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_197.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

sulphonic acids
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_503.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

sulphoxides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_460.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

sulphur
https://www.webelements.com/sulfur/
Information from the WebElements site

superconductivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_6/2_6_4.html
Properties of superconducting elements at the NPL website

surface tension
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_2/2_2_5.html
Values of surface tension at the NPL website

sustainable
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/
UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform

synchrotron radiation
http://www-als.lbl.gov
Website of the Advanced Light Source facility at Berkeley
http://www.diamond.ac.uk/Home.html
Website for the Diamond Light Source at Harwell

 

T  Top

tantalum
https://www.webelements.com/tantalum/
Information from the WebElements site

taste
http://www.cf.ac.uk/biosi/staffinfo/jacob/
A tutorial on the sense of taste, compiled by Tim Jacob of Cardiff University

TCP/IP
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc793
The TCP (version 4) specification
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc791
The IP (version 4) specification
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2460
The IP (version 6) specification

technetium
https://www.webelements.com/technetium/
Information from the WebElements site

tellurium
https://www.webelements.com/tellurium/
Information from the WebElements site

terbium
https://www.webelements.com/terbium/
Information from the WebElements site

terpenes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_12.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

thallium
https://www.webelements.com/thallium/
Information from the WebElements site

thermodynamics
http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch21/chemical.php
A tutorial from the Division of Chemical Education, Purdue University, Indiana
http://www.codata.info/resources/databases/key1.html
Thermodynamic properties from the Committee on Data for Science and Technology

thorium
https://www.webelements.com/thorium/
Information from the WebElements site

thulium
https://www.webelements.com/thulium/
Information from the WebElements site

tin
https://www.webelements.com/tin/
Information from the WebElements site

titanium
https://www.webelements.com/titanium/
Information from the WebElements site

tungsten
https://www.webelements.com/tungsten/
Information from the WebElements site

 

U  Top

Unicode
http://www.unicode.org/
The Unicode Consortium home page

UNIX
http://opengroup.org/unix
The Open Group's UNIX page

uranium
https://www.webelements.com/uranium/
Information from the WebElements site

Uranus
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/uranus
NASA's introduction to Uranus and its satellites

URI
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986
The URI specification

UTF-8
http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode5.0.0/ch03.pdf
Details of UTF-8 encoding from the Unicode (version 5) standard

 

V  Top

vanadium
https://www.webelements.com/vanadium/
Information from the WebElements site

Venus
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/venus
NASA's profile of Venus
http://planetologia.elte.hu/venusz-terkep-elte-ttk-kavucs.pdf
Maps of the surface of Venus

virology
http://www.virology.net/
Website for All the Virology on the WWW, a major portal for virology resources via the Internet

viscosity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_2/2_2_3.html
Values of viscosities of liquids at the NPL website

vitamin
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vitamins-minerals/pages/vitamins-minerals.aspx
Information and advice on vitamins and minerals from NHS Choices.

vitamin A
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/ret.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

vitamin B complex
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/B12.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

vitamin D
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/D.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

vitamin E
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/toc.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

VoIP
https://www.packetizer.com/ipmc/h323_vs_sip/
A comparison of H323 and SIP
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3261
The SIP specification

von Baeyer nomenclature
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/vonBaeyer/
Information about the IUPAC system

 

W  Top

WMAP
http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/
The NASA site for WMAP

work function
http://public.wsu.edu/~pchemlab/documents/Work-functionvalues.pdf
Typical values for the electron work function of the elements

wurtzite structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_wurtzite(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

 

X  Top

xenon
https://www.webelements.com/xenon/
Information from the WebElements site

XML
https://www.w3.org/XML/
The W3C's XML page

XML schema
https://www.w3.org/XML/Schema
The W3C's XML schema page

XPath
https://www.w3.org/TR/xpath20/
The XPath (version 2.0) specification
https://www.w3.org/TR/xpath/
The XPath (version 1.0) specification (still very widely used)

X-ray crystallography
http://www-structmed.cimr.cam.ac.uk/Course/Overview/Overview.html
An illustrated introduction to the principles of X-ray crystallography, compiled by Randy Read, University of Cambridge

XSL
https://www.w3.org/TR/xslt-30/
The XSLT (version 3.0) specification
http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt20/
The XSLT (version 2.0) specification

 

Y  Top

ytterbium
https://www.webelements.com/ytterbium/
Information from the WebElements site

yttrium
https://www.webelements.com/yttrium/
Information from the WebElements site

 

Z  Top

Zeeman effect
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1902/zeeman-lecture.html
Nobel lecture by Pieter Zeeman after receiving the Nobel Prize for physics, 1902

zinc
https://www.webelements.com/zinc/
Information from the WebElements site

zirconium
https://www.webelements.com/zirconium/
Information from the WebElements site