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Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences 5e Companion Website

Geology and Earth Sciences 5e

Web links

Here is a list of recommended web links, arranged alphabetically.

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V Z

Appendix-H: H: list of websites   Appendix-I: Satellite Missions

A  Top

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite
http://www.acrim.com/
A NASA mission launched in 1978 to monitor total solar irradiance.

Advanced Earth Observing Satellite
http://www.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/adeos2/index_e.html
A joint CNES, JAXA, NASA, and NASDA mission to study the Earth’s environment.

Aëtosauria
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/diapsids/pseudosuchia/aetosauria.html
Introduction to the Aëtosauria.

affine
http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/rbf/HIPR2/affine.htm
Affine transformation.

A’KF diagram
http://www.tulane.edu/~sanelson/eens212/triangular_plots_metamophic_petrology.htm
Describes triangular plots in metamorphic petrology.

Apollo
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/apollo.html
A NASA programme of missions from 1963 to 1972 to land humans on the Moon and return them to Earth.

Aqua
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/aqua/
A NASA mission launched in 2002 to study the Earth’s water.

Aquarius
http://aquarius.nasa.gov/
A joint CONAE and NASA mission to measure sea-surface salinity.

Argo
http://www.argo.net
Argo Programme home page

argon–argon dating
http://www.diggles.com/bturrin/40Ar.html
A tutorial on the 40 Ar/ 39 Ar step-heating dating technique.

A-train
http://atrain.nasa.gov/
A NASA mission of several satellites placed in polar orbit to study Earth-system science.

Aura
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/aura/main/index.html
A NASA mission to monitor complex scientific interactions affecting the globe.

AutoNaut
http://www.autonautusv.com
AutoNaut Home Page.

B  Top

big bang theory
http://www.big-bang-theory.com/
An overview of the big bang theory.

Brillouin spectroscopy
http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/mineralogy/mineral_physics/brillouin.html
Explains and describes Brillouin spectroscopy.

British Geological Survey
http://www.bgs.ac.uk/
Home page of the BGS.

C  Top

Cassini
http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/
A joint ESA and NASA mission that studied Titan, moon of Saturn, and carried the Huygens probe.

Cenozoic
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/cenozoic/cenozoic.php
The Cenozoic Era.

Ceres
https://dawn.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/
Dawn Mission Overview.

Clementine
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/clementine/
A joint NASA and USDD mission launched in 1994 to map the Moon.

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations
http://www-calipso.larc.nasa.gov/
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study the role that clouds and atmospheric aerosols play in regulating the Earth’s weather and climate.

CloudSat
http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/home
A NASA mission to further knowledge of atmospheric science.

Commission on Ore Mineralogy
http://projects.gtk.fi/com/association/history.html
Forty years of COM.

Community Initiative for Continuous Earth Remote Observation
https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2936&context=smallsat
Cicero – A Distributed Small Satellite Radio Occultation Pathfinder Mission.

Copernicus
https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Overview3
Copernicus, Observing the Earth.

Cretaceous
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/mesozoic/cretaceous/cretaceous.php
The Cretaceous Period of the Mesozoic Era.

CubeSat Infrared Atmospheric Sounder
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/ciras.php
Mission information.

D  Top

Devonian
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/devonian/devonian.php
The Devonian Period.

diogenites
https://www.cefns.nau.edu/geology/naml/Meteorite/Diogenite.html
Diogenites.

Discovery Program
https://science.nasa.gov/solar-system/programs/discovery
A NASA programme of missions to study asteroids, comets, interstellar dust, Mars, the Moon, and solar wind.

Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite
https://ids-doris.org
International DORIS Service.

Dynamic Ionosphere CubeSat Experiment
https://www.astraspace.net/news/astra-dice-cubesat-update-successfully-captures-first-ever-sed-observations-by-a-cubesat/
ASTRA mission update.

E  Top

Earth Observing System
http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/
A NASA series of polar-orbiting satellites to study the Earth’s land, atmosphere, and oceans.

Earth Remote Observation System
https://www.imagesatintl.com/eros-sat/
EROS Satellite Overview.

Earth Science Enterprise
https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/codez/plans/99nsp/12.html
Earth Science Enterprise.

Ediacaran
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/vendian/ediacaran.php
The Ediacaran Period.

Elektro-L
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/elektro.html
A Roskosmos mission launched in 2011 to enable local and global weather forecasting and measure the Earth’s magnetic field.

Eocene
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/tertiary/eocene.php
The Eocene Epoch.

EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service
https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Data/RegionalDataServiceEARS/index.html
Regional Data Service/EARS.

F  Top

finite rotation
http://www.serg.unicam.it/Models.html
Plate Tectonic Modeling: Tools and Methods; Rotation Models.

G  Top

Galileo
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/galileo/
A NASA mission to study Jupiter and its moons.

Genesis
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/genesis/main/index.html
A NASA mission to study the origins of the Sun and inner planets.

Geological Society of America
http://www.geosociety.org/
Home page of the GSA.

Geological Society of London
http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/
Home page of the Geological Society of London.

geologic timescale
https://engineering.purdue.edu/Stratigraphy/resources/geowhendiscl.html
A detailed geological timescale including stages.

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
https://www.nasa.gov/content/goes
GOES Satellite Network.

Giotto
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=15
An ESA mission launched in 1985 that studied Halley’s Comet.

Global Heritage Stone Resource
http://globalheritagestone.com
IIGS Subcommission: Heritage Stones.

Global Seismographic Network
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/gsn/
The Global Seismographic Network (GSN).

Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
http://science.nasa.gov/missions/grace/
A joint DLR and NASA mission to accurately map variations in the Earth’s gravity field.

gull
http://www.ubss.org.uk/resources/proceedings/vol17/UBSS_Proc_17_2_153-174.pdf
Describes two gull caves from the Wiltshire and Avon border.

H  Top

horn
https://sites.google.com/site/mtwashingtonmountains/formation-of-presidentials/glaciation
Describes glacial horns.

Hubble Space Telescope
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/story/index.html
About the Hubble Space Telescope

Huygens
http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Cassini-Huygens/
A joint ESA and NASA probe launched from the Cassini orbiter that landed on Titan, moon of Saturn.

Hydrology and Water Resources Programme
http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/hwrp/index_en.php
The World Meteorological Organization’s hydrology and water resources programme.

I  Top

Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite
http://icesat.gsfc.nasa.gov/icesat/index.php
A NASA mission to measure ice sheet mass balance, cloud and aerosol heights.

Indian Remote Sensing
https://www.isro.gov.in/saga-of-indian-remote-sensing-satellite-system
The Saga of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite System.

InSight
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/main/index.html
InSight Mars Lander.

International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment
https://uia.org/s/or/en/1100003651
IAEG Homepage.

International Federation of Digital Seismic Networks
http://www.fdsn.org/
The International Federation of Digital Seismic Networks.

International Polar Year
http://www.ipy.org/
Explains and describes the IPY.

International Sun–Earth Explorer
http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/missions/isee3.html
A joint ESA and NASA mission to study the Earth’s magnetosphere.

Itokawa
http://global.jaxa.jp/article/special/hayabusa_sp3/index_e.html
Close-Up on the Asteroid Itokawa.

J  Top

Japanese Meteorological Agency seismic intensity scale
http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/en/Activities/inttable.html
Tables explaining the JMA seismic intensity scale.

Jason-1
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/missions/jason.html
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study global ocean circulation and its link with atmosphere and climate.

Jason-2
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/ostm/main/index.html
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study ocean current direction and to measure variations in sea surface height.

Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling
http://iodp.tamu.edu/index.html
JOIDES Resolution Science Operator.

L  Top

Landsat
http://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/
A NASA programme of satellites from 1972 to collect visual information about the Earth.

limnology
http://www.limnology.org/
The International Society of Limnology.

lithology classification
http://civilblog.org/2015/02/11/how-to-classify-rocks-on-site-geological-or-lithological-classification/
How to classify rocks on site? (Geological or lithological classification).

Lost City Hydrothermal Field
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2015GC005869
Geological Evolution of the Lost City Hydrothermal Field.

Luna
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/luna/
An RSA mission to collect information about the Moon.

Lunar Orbiter
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/lunarorb.html
A NASA mission to map the Moon prior to the Apollo manned landing in 1969.

M  Top

Magellan
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/magellan.html
A NASA mission to study and map the surface of Venus.

Manning equation
http://manning.sdsu.edu/
An account of Manning's life and work.

Mariner
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/mars/mariner.html
A NASA programme of missions that studied Mars, Venus, and Mercury.

Mars 96
http://www.iki.rssi.ru/mars96/mars96hp.html
An RSA mission launched in 1996 to investigate Mars.

Mars Global Surveyor
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mgs/index.html
A NASA mission launched in 1996 to survey and map Mars.

Mars Pathfinder
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/mesur.html
A NASA mission launched in 1996 to study the feasibility of landings on, and explorations of, Mars.

Mars Surveyor
http://www.windows2universe.org/mars/exploring/MSP_overview.html
NASA missions to map and study the climate of Mars.

Mesoproterozoic
http://www.palaeos.org/Mesoproterozoic
The Mesoproterozoic Era of the Proterozoic Eon.

Mesozoic
http://scienceviews.com/dinosaurs/mesozoic.html
The Mesozoic Era.

metamorphic rock classification
https://opentextbc.ca/geology/chapter/7-2-classification-of-metamorphic-rocks/
Classification of Metamorphic Rocks.

Meteor
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/meteor.html
Meteor Spacecraft Family.

Meteor-3M
https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/m/meteor-3m-1
A joint NASA and RSA mission in Sun-synchronous orbit to measure ozone, aerosols, and water vapour in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Meteosat
https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Meteosat/index.html
Meteosat.

Miocene
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/tertiary/miocene.php
The Miocene Epoch.

Monitor-E
http://eng.ntsomz.ru/ks_dzz/satellites/monitor_E
An RSA mission to study and map the geology and environment of the Earth.

Muses-C
http://global.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/muses_c/
About Asteroid Explorer ‘Hayabusa’ (MUSES-C).

N  Top

Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous
https://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/missions/near.html
NEAR.

Neogene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/05/neogene-period.html
Neogene Period.

Neoproterozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/01/neoproterozoic-era.html
Neoproterozoic Era.

New Horizons
http://pluto.jhuapl.edu
New Horizons: NASA’s Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.

New Millennium Deep Space-1
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1998-061A
A NASA probe designed to test new technology.

Nor’easter
https://www.weather.gov/safety/winter-noreaster
What is a Nor’easter?

O  Top

Oligocene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/04/oligocene-epoch.html
Oligocene Epoch.

Ordovician
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/ordovician/ordovician.php
The Ordovician Period.

P  Top

Palaeocene
http://palaeos.com/cenozoic/paleocene/paleocene.html
The Palaeocene Epoch.

Palaeogene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/04/paleogene-period.html
The Palaeogene Period.

palaeontology
http://palaeos.com/
Describes conditions and life throughout Earth history.

Palaeozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2013/10/paleozoic-era.html
Palaeozoic Era.

PARASOL
https://parasol.cnes.fr/en/PARASOL/GP_mission.htm
Mission.

permanent strain
http://www.see.leeds.ac.uk/structure/rheology/index.htm
Describes the concept of rheology.

Permian
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/permian/permian.php
The Permian Period.

Phanerozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2013/12/phanerozoic.html
Phanerozoic.

Phobos
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/phobos.html
An RSA mission to study the Sun, Mars, and Phobos, a moon of Mars.

Pioneer
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/missions/archive/pioneer.html
A NASA programme of unmanned space probes launched for planetary exploration.

Pleistocene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/05/pleistocene-epoch.html
Pleistocene Epoch.

Pliocene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/05/pliocene-epoch.html
Pliocene Epoch.

Proterozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2013/10/proterozoic-eon.html
Proterozoic Eon.

protist
https://www.livescience.com/54242-protists.html
What Are Protists?

Q  Top

QuikSCAT
https://winds.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/quikscat/
Missions: QuikSCAT.

R  Top

RADARSAT
http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/satellites/radarsat/default.asp
RADARSAT Constellation Mission home page.

Ranger
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/ranger.html
A NASA mission to obtain close-up images of the surface of the Moon.

rhenium–osmium dating
http://www.geochronometria.pl/pdf/geo_27/Geo27_05.pdf
A review of the physical foundations of the rhenium–osmium method.

Rosetta
http://sci.esa.int/rosetta/
ESA mission website.

S  Top

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutsshws.php
Describes the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

Sakigake
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1985-001A
A Japanese mission to send a test spacecraft close to Halley’s Comet, when it last approached the Earth in 1986.

SeaWiFS
https://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/SeaWiFS/
SeaWiFS Project.

SELENE
http://www.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/selene/index_e.html
A JAXA mission to study the Moon’s origins and evolution.

SEOSat/Ingenio
http://www.aerospace.sener/products/seosat-ingenio-spanish-earth-observation-satellite
SEOSAT/INGENIO: Spanish Earth Observation Satellite.

Silurian
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/silurian/silurian.php
The Silurian Period.

soil lithology
http://www.environmentdata.org/archive/vocabpref:19348
Lithological soil types.

Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment
https://earth.esa.int/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/s/sorce
SORCE (Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment).

Stardust
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/stardust/
Stardust.

Suisei
http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/en/missions/spacecraft/past/suisei.html
Suisei.

Surface Water Ocean Topography mission
https://swot.jpl.nasa.gov/mission.htm
SWOT mission homepage.

Surveyor
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/surveyor.html
A NASA programme to land a series of probes on the Moon.

synroc
http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/nuclear-fuel-cycle/nuclear-wastes/synroc.aspx
Synroc Wasteform.

Système Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre
https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/missions/3rd-party-missions/current-missions/spot
SPOT.

T  Top

Tandem-L
https://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/Portaldata/1/Resources/documents/2016/Tandem-L-Brochure-2016-06.pdf
Tandem-L brochure.

Television and Infrared Observation Satellite
http://science.nasa.gov/missions/tiros/
A NASA mission launched in 1960 to determine if satellites could be useful in the study of the Earth.

Terra
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/terra/index.html
A NASA mission launched in 1999 to collect data on climate change on Earth.

thermoluminescence dating
http://geology.cr.usgs.gov/capabilities/gronemtrac/geochron/thermo/tech.html
Explains and describes the thermoluminescence technique.

Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics
http://www.timed.jhuapl.edu/WWW/index.php
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study the influence of the Sun and humans on the mesosphere, ionosphere, and lower thermosphere of Earth’s atmosphere.

Tool for the Analysis of RAdiations from lightNings and Sprites
https://taranis.cnes.fr/en/TARANIS/GP_mission.htm
TARANIS mission home page.

TOPEX/Poseidon
http://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/topex/
A joint CNES and NASA mission to measure the ocean topography of Earth.

Triassic
https://www.livescience.com/43295-triassic-period.html
Triassic Period Facts: Climate, Animals & Plants.

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
http://global.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/trmm/
About Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission.

U  Top

Ulysses
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/ulysses/in-depth/
Ulysses.

United States Geological Survey
http://www.usgs.gov/
Home page of the USGS.

V  Top

Vega
https://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/comets/vega.html
Vega 1 & 2.

Vegetation and Environment monitoring on a New MicroSatellite
https://cnes.fr/en/web/CNES-en/3766-joint-french-israeli-vens-mission.php
Joint French–Israeli Venus Mission.

Venera
http://www.mentallandscape.com/V_Venus.htm
An SRI programme to study Venus.

Viking
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
A NASA programme of two missions that landed on Mars in 1976.

Voyager
http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/
A NASA programme of two missions launched in 1977 to study the planetary systems of Jupiter and Saturn and beyond.

Z  Top

Zond
https://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/zond/
Zond Mission.

 

Appendix-H: list of websites  Top

Aëtosauria
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/diapsids/pseudosuchia/aetosauria.html
Introduction to the Aëtosauria.

affine
http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/rbf/HIPR2/affine.htm
Affine transformation.

A’KF diagram
http://www.tulane.edu/~sanelson/eens212/triangular_plots_met
Describes triangular plots in metamorphic petrology.

American Geosciences Institute
http://www.americangeosciences.org/
Home page of the AGI.

argon–argon dating
http://www.diggles.com/bturrin/40Ar.html
A tutorial on the 40Ar/39Ar step-heating dating technique.

Austrian Geological Society
http://www.geol-ges.at/en/index.html
English language home page of the society.

big bang theory
http://www.big-bang-theory.com/
An overview of the big bang theory.

Brillouin spectroscopy
http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/mineralogy/mineral_physics/brillouin.html
Explains and describes Brillouin spectroscopy.

British Geological Survey
http://www.bgs.ac.uk/
Home page of the BGS.

Bulgarian Geological Society
http://www.bgd.bg/frames_home_EN.html
English language home page of the society.

Cenozoic
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/cenozoic/cenozoic.php
The Cenozoic Era.

Commission on Ore Mineralogy
http://projects.gtk.fi/com/association/history.html
Forty years of COM.

Cretaceous
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/mesozoic/cretaceous/cretaceous.php
The Cretaceous Period of the Mesozoic Era.

Devonian
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/devonian/devonian.php
The Devonian Period.

diogenites
https://www.cefns.nau.edu/geology/naml/Meteorite/Diogenite.html
Diogenites.

Earth Science Enterprise
https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/codez/plans/99nsp/12.html
Earth Science Enterprise.

Ediacaran
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/vendian/ediacaran.php
The Ediacaran Period.

Eocene
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/tertiary/eocene.php
The Eocene Epoch.

finite rotation
http://www.serg.unicam.it/Models.html
Plate Tectonic Modeling: Tools and Methods; Rotation Models.

Geological Association of Canada
http://www.gac.ca/
Home page of the GAC.

Geological Society of Africa
http://www.geologicalsocietyofafrica.org/
Home page of the society.

Geological Society of America
http://www.geosociety.org/
Home page of the GSA.

Geological Society of Australia
http://www.gsa.org.au/
Home page of the society.

Geological Society of Denmark
http://2dgf.dk/dgf_uk/main.html
English-language home page of the society.

Geological Society of India
http://www.geosocindia.org/
English-language home page of the society.

Geological Society of Japan
http://www.geosociety.jp/english/index.php?content_id=0001&r
English-language home page of the society.

Geological Society of London
http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/
Home page of the Geological Society of London.

Geological Society of Malaysia
http://www.gsm.org.my/
Home page of the society.

Geological Society of South Africa
http://www.gssa.org.za/
Home page of the society.

Geological Society of Sweden
http://geologiskaforeningen.se/index_eng.html
English-language home page of the society.

Geological Society of Trinidad and Tobago
http://www.thegstt.com/
Home page of the society.

geologic timescale
https://engineering.purdue.edu/Stratigraphy/resources/geowhendiscl.html
A detailed geological timescale including stages.

Geoscience Society of New Zealand
http://www.gsnz.org.nz/
Home page of the society.

Global Heritage Stone Resource
http://globalheritagestone.com
IIGS Subcommission: Heritage Stones.

Global Seismographic Network
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/gsn/
Seismographic Network The Global Seismographic Network (GSN).

gull
http://www.ubss.org.uk/resources/proceedings/vol17/UBSS_Proc
Describes two gull caves from the Wiltshire and Avon border.

horn
https://sites.google.com/site/mtwashingtonmountains/formation-of-presidentials/glaciation
Describes glacial horns.

Hydrology and Water Resources Programme
http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/hwrp/index_en.php
The World Meteorological Organization’s hydrology and water resources programme.

International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment
https://uia.org/s/or/en/1100003651
IAEG Homepage.

International Federation of Digital Seismic Networks
http://www.fdsn.org/
The International Federation of Digital Seismic Networks.

International Geophysical Year
http://www.nas.edu/history/igy/
Explains and describes the IGY.

International Polar Year
http://www.ipy.org/
Explains and describes the IPY.

Israel Geological Society
http://english.igs.org.il/
English-language home page of the society.

Itokawa
http://global.jaxa.jp/article/special/hayabusa_sp3/index_e.html
Close-Up on the Asteroid Itokawa.

Japanese Meteorological Agency seismic intensity scale
http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/en/Activities/inttable.html
Tables explaining the JMA seismic intensity scale.

Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling
http://iodp.tamu.edu/index.html
JOIDES Resolution Science Operator.

limnology
http://www.limnology.org/
The International Society of Limnology.

lithology classification
http://civilblog.org/2015/02/11/how-to-classify-rocks-on-site-geological-or-lithological-classification/
How to classify rocks on site? (Geological or lithological classification).

- Lost City Hydrothermal Field
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2015GC005869
Geological Evolution of the Lost City Hydrothermal Field.

Manning equation
http://manning.sdsu.edu/
An account of Manning's life and work.

Mesoproterozoic
http://www.palaeos.org/Mesoproterozoic
The Mesoproterozoic Era of the Proterozoic Eon.

Mesozoic
http://scienceviews.com/dinosaurs/mesozoic.html
The Mesozoic Era.

metamorphic rock classification
https://opentextbc.ca/geology/chapter/7-2-classification-of-metamorphic-rocks/
Classification of Metamorphic Rocks.

Miocene
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/tertiary/miocene.php
The Miocene Epoch.

Neogene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/05/neogene-period.html
Neogene Period.

Neoproterozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/01/neoproterozoic-era.html
Neoproterozoic Era.

Nepal Geological Society
http://www.ngs.org.np/
English-language home page of the society.

Nor’easter
https://www.weather.gov/safety/winter-noreaster
What is a Nor’easter?

Oligocene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/04/oligocene-epoch.html
Oligocene Epoch.

Ordovician
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/ordovician/ordovician.php
The Ordovician Period.

Palaeocene
http://palaeos.com/cenozoic/paleocene/paleocene.html
The Palaeocene Epoch.

Palaeogene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/04/paleogene-period.html
The Palaeogene Period.

palaeontology
http://palaeos.com/
Describes conditions and life throughout Earth history.

Palaeozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2013/10/paleozoic-era.html
Paleozoic Era.

permanent strain
http://www.see.leeds.ac.uk/structure/rheology/index.htm
Describes the concept of rheology.

Permian
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/permian/permian.php
The Permian Period.

Phanerozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2013/12/phanerozoic.html
Phanerozoic.

Pleistocene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/05/pleistocene-epoch.html
Pleistocene Epoch.

Pliocene
http://www.geologypage.com/2014/05/pliocene-epoch.html
Pliocene Epoch.

Proterozoic
http://www.geologypage.com/2013/10/proterozoic-eon.html
Proterozoic Eon.

protist
https://www.livescience.com/54242-protists.html
What Are Protists?

rhenium–osmium dating
http://www.geochronometria.pl/pdf/geo_27/Geo27_05.pdf
A review of the physical foundations of the rhenium–osmium method.

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutsshws.php
Describes the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

Silurian
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/silurian/silurian.php
The Silurian Period.

soil lithology
http://www.environmentdata.org/archive/vocabpref:19348
Lithological soil types.

Swiss Geological Society
http://www.geolsoc.ch/
English-language home page of the society.

synroc
http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/nuclear-fuel-cycle/nuclear-wastes/synroc.aspx
Synroc Wasteform.

thermoluminescence dating
http://geology.cr.usgs.gov/capabilities/gronemtrac/geochron/thermo/tech.html
Explains and describes the thermoluminescence technique.

Triassic
https://www.livescience.com/43295-triassic-period.html
Triassic Period Facts: Climate, Animals & Plants.

United States Geological Survey
http://www.usgs.gov/
Home page of the USGS.

 

 

Appendix-I: Satellite Missions  Top

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite
http://www.acrim.com/
A NASA mission launched in 1978 to monitor total solar irradiance.

Advanced Earth Observing Satellite
http://www.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/adeos2/index_e.html
A joint CNES, JAXA, NASA, and NASDA mission to study the Earth’s environment.

Apollo
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/apollo.html
A NASA programme of missions from 1963 to 1972 to land humans on the Moon and return them to Earth.

Aqua
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/aqua/
A NASA mission launched in 2002 to study the Earth’s water.

Aquarius
http://aquarius.nasa.gov/
A joint CONAE and NASA mission to measure sea surface salinity.

Argo
http://www.argo.net
Argo Programme home page.

A-train
http://atrain.nasa.gov/
A NASA mission of several satellites placed in polar orbit to study Earth-system science.

Aura
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/aura/main/index.html
A NASA mission to monitor complex scientific interactions affecting the globe.

AutoNaut
http://www.autonautusv.com
AutoNaut home page.

Cassini
http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/
A joint ESA and NASA mission that studied Titan, moon of Saturn, and carried the Huygens probe.

Ceres
https://dawn.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/
Dawn Mission Overview.

Clementine
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/clementine/
A joint NASA and USDD mission launched in 1994 to map the Moon.

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations
http://www-calipso.larc.nasa.gov/
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study the role that clouds and atmospheric aerosols play in regulating the Earth’s weather and climate.

CloudSat
http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/home
A NASA mission to further knowledge of atmospheric science.

Community Initiative for Continuous Earth Remote Observation
https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2936&context=smallsat
Cicero – A Distributed Small Satellite Radio Occultation Pathfinder Mission.

Copernicus
https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Overview3
Copernicus, Observing the Earth.

CubeSat Infrared Atmospheric Sounder
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/ciras.php
Mission information.

Discovery Program
https://science.nasa.gov/solar-system/programs/discovery
A NASA programme of missions to study asteroids, comets, interstellar dust, Mars, the Moon, and solar wind.

Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite
https://ids-doris.org
International DORIS Service.

Dynamic Ionosphere CubeSat Experiment
https://www.astraspace.net/news/astra-dice-cubesat-update-successfully-captures-first-ever-sed-observations-by-a-cubesat/
ASTRA mission update.

Earth Observing System
http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/
A NASA series of polar-orbiting satellites to study the Earth’s land, atmosphere, and oceans.

Earth Remote Observation System
https://www.imagesatintl.com/eros-sat/
EROS Satellite Overview.

Elektro-L
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/elektro.html
A Roskosmos mission launched in 2011 to enable local and global weather forecasting and measure the Earth’s magnetic field.

EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service
https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Data/RegionalDataServiceEARS/index.html
Regional Data Service/EARS.

Galileo
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/galileo/
A NASA mission to study Jupiter and its moons.

Genesis
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/genesis/main/index.html
A NASA mission to study the origins of the Sun and inner planets.

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
https://www.nasa.gov/content/goes
GOES Satellite Network.

Giotto
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=15
An ESA mission launched in 1985 that studied Halley’s Comet.

Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
http://science.nasa.gov/missions/grace/
A joint DLR and NASA mission to accurately map variations in the Earth’s gravity field.

Hubble Space Telescope
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/story/index.html
About the Hubble Space Telescope.

Huygens
http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Cassini-Huygens/
A joint ESA and NASA probe launched from the Cassini orbiter that landed on Titan, moon of Saturn.

Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite
http://icesat.gsfc.nasa.gov/icesat/index.php
A NASA mission to measure ice sheet mass balance, cloud and aerosol heights.

Indian Remote Sensing
https://www.isro.gov.in/saga-of-indian-remote-sensing-satellite-system
The Saga of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite System.

InSight
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/main/index.html
InSight Mars Lander.

- International Sun– Earth Explorer 3
http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/missions/isee3.html
A joint ESA and NASA mission to study the Earth’s magnetosphere.

Jason-1
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/missions/jason.html
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study global ocean circulation and its link with atmosphere and climate.

Jason-2
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/ostm/main/index.html
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study ocean current direction and to measure variations in sea surface height.

Landsat
http://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/
A NASA programme of satellites from 1972 to collect visual information about the Earth.

Luna
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/luna/
An RSA mission to collect information about the Moon.

Lunar Orbiter
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/lunarorb.html
A NASA mission to map the Moon prior to the Apollo manned landing in 1969.

Magellan
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/magellan.html
A NASA mission to study and map the surface of Venus.

Mariner
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/mars/mariner.html
A NASA programme of missions that studied Mars, Venus, and Mercury.

Mars 96
http://www.iki.rssi.ru/mars96/mars96hp.html
An RSA mission launched in 1996 to investigate Mars.

Mars Global Surveyor
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mgs/index.html
A NASA mission launched in 1996 to survey and map Mars.

Mars Pathfinder
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/mesur.html
A NASA mission launched in 1996 to study the feasibility of landings on, and explorations of, Mars.

Mars Surveyor
http://www.windows2universe.org/mars/exploring/MSP_overview.html
NASA missions to map and study the climate of Mars.

Meteor
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/meteor.html
Meteor Spacecraft Family.

Meteor-3M
https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/m/meteor-3m-1
A joint NASA and RSA mission in Sun-synchronous orbit to measure ozone, aerosols, and water vapour in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Meteosat
https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Meteosat/index.html
Meteosat.

Monitor-E
http://eng.ntsomz.ru/ks_dzz/satellites/monitor_E
An RSA mission to study and map the geology and environment of the Earth.

Muses-C
http://global.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/muses_c/
About Asteroid Explorer ‘Hayabusa’ (MUSES-C).

Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous
https://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/missions/near.html
NEAR.

New Horizons
http://pluto.jhuapl.edu: New Horizons
NASA’s Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.

New Millennium Deep Space-1
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1998-061A
A NASA probe designed to test new technology.

PARASOL
https://parasol.cnes.fr/en/PARASOL/GP_mission.htm
Mission.

Phobos
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/phobos.html
An RSA mission to study the Sun, Mars, and Phobos, a moon of Mars.

Pioneer
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/missions/archive/pioneer.html
A NASA programme of unmanned space probes launched for planetary exploration.

QuikSCAT
https://winds.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/quikscat/
Missions: QuikSCAT.

RADARSAT
http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/satellites/radarsat/default.asp
RADARSAT Constellation Mission home page.

Ranger
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/ranger.html
A NASA mission to obtain close-up images of the surface of the Moon.

Rosetta
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=13
ESA mission website.

Sakigake
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1985-001A
A Japanese mission to send a test spacecraft close to Halley’s Comet, when it last approached the Earth in 1986.

SeaWiFS
https://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/SeaWiFS/
SeaWiFS Project.

SELENE
http://www.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/selene/index_e.html
A JAXA mission to study the Moon’s origins and evolution.

SEOSat/Ingenio
http://www.aerospace.sener/products/seosat-ingenio-spanish-earth-observation-satellite
SEOSAT/INGENIO: Spanish Earth Observation Satellite.

Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment
https://earth.esa.int/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/s/sorce
SORCE (Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment).

Stardust
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/stardust/
Stardust.

Suisei
http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/en/missions/spacecraft/past/suisei.html
Suisei.

Surface Water Ocean Topography mission
https://swot.jpl.nasa.gov/mission.htm
SWOT mission homepage.

Surveyor
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/surveyor.html
A NASA programme to land a series of probes on the Moon.

Système Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre
https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/missions/3rd-party-missions/current-missions/spot
SPOT.

Tandem-L
https://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/Portaldata/1/Resources/documents/2016/Tandem-L-Brochure-2016-06.pdf
Tandem-L brochure.

Television and Infrared Observation Satellite
http://science.nasa.gov/missions/tiros/
A NASA mission launched in 1960 to determine if satellites could be useful in the study of the Earth.

Terra
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/terra/index.html
A NASA mission launched in 1999 to collect data on climate change on Earth.

Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics
http://www.timed.jhuapl.edu/WWW/index.php
A joint CNES and NASA mission to study the influence of the Sun and humans on the mesosphere, ionosphere, and lower thermosphere of Earth’s atmosphere.

Tool for the Analysis of RAdiations from lightNings and Sprites
https://taranis.cnes.fr/en/TARANIS/GP_mission.htm
TARANIS mission home page.

TOPEX/Poseidon
http://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/topex/
A joint CNES and NASA mission to measure the ocean topography of Earth.

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
http://global.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/trmm/
About Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission.

Ulysses
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/ulysses/in-depth/
Ulysses.

Vega
https://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/comets/vega.html
Vega 1 & 2.

Vegetation and Environment monitoring on a New MicroSatellite
https://cnes.fr/en/web/CNES-en/3766-joint-french-israeli-vens-mission.php
Joint French–Israeli Venus Mission.

Venera
http://www.mentallandscape.com/V_Venus.htm
An SRI programme to study Venus.

Viking
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
A NASA programme of two missions that landed on Mars in 1976.

Voyager
http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/
A NASA programme of two missions launched in 1977 to study the planetary systems of Jupiter and Saturn and beyond.

Zond
https://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/zond/
Zond Mission.