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Dictionary of Geography Companion Website

Geography

Archived Web Links (fourth edition)

Web Links (fifth edition)

Here is a list of recommended web links, arranged alphabetically by the relevant dictionary entries:

abrasion
http://www.agu.org/meetings/sm06/sm06-sessions/sm06_H53A.html
For Sklar on the efficiency of particle abrasion in rivers.

absolute plate motion
http://www.unavco.org/community_science/science-support/crustal_motion/dxdt/model.html
Has an absolute plate motion calculator.
http://ofgs.aori.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~okino/platecalc_new.html
Shows an absolute plate motion calculator.

accelerator
http://www.growthaccelerator.com/blog/regional-growth-hotspots/
Has an interesting map of growth acceleration in Britain.

Agenda 21
http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/documents/agenda21/english/agenda21toc.htm
Agenda 21 online.

agriculture, organic
http://www.soilassociation.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=cY8kfP3Q%2BgA%3D&tabid=388
A pdf of Organic farming, food quality and human health: A review of the evidence, by the Soil Association.

agriculture, sustainable
http://www.csa-india.org/
Website of Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, India.

agroecology
http://www.timbaktu.org/our-programmes/ecology/
An excellent site on agroecology in the Timbaktu, Andhra Pradesh, India.

agro-food system
http:/www.agr.gc.ca
Website of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

aid
http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/development/aid-for-trade/index_en.htm
European Commission’s Aid for Trade site.

AIDS
http://www.rgs.org/OurWork/Schools/School+Members+Area/Ask+the+experts/HIV+and+AIDS.htm
Royal Geographical Society website pages on HIV/AIDS.

air pollution
http://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/Types_of_Air_Pollution
Description of types of air pollution.
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/transport/road.htm
EU emission standards.

annular modes
http://www.atmos.colostate.edu/ao/introduction.html
Thompson and Woodworth’s excellent Annular Modes website.

anti-capitalism
http://artactivism.gn.apc.org/stories.htm
Anti-capitalism website containing key text ‘Notes from Nowhere; We Are Everywhere’.

applied geography
http://agsg.binghamton.edu/
Website of the Applied Geography Specialty Group of the American Association of Geographers.

barrier beach
http://www.soton.ac.uk/~imw/chestorm.htm
West (2008) shows a barrier beach.

batholith
http://geology.isu.edu/Digital_Geology_Idaho/
The Idaho Batholith.

bathymetry
http://www.gebco.net/
Website of GEBCO.

bedforms (sedimentary bedforms)
http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/seds/
The excellent USGS bedform sedimentology site.

behavioural geography
http://epbg.blogspot.com/
Blogspot on the Environmental Perception and Behavioral Geography Specialty Group of the American Association of Geographers website.

berm
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/project/Projects/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.showFile&rep=file&fil=STREAM_Restoration_Techniques_Advice_Note.pdf
A colourful and useful example of a berm on European Commission’s Environment site.

biodiversity crisis
http://www.iucn.org
Website of International Union for Conservation of Nature.

biometeorology
http://biometeorology.org/what_is_bm/index.cfm.
Website of International Society for Biometeorology defining biometeorology.The International Journal of Biometeorology is available online.

boundary layer
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/research/themes/pbl/
NOAA pages on surface and planetary boundary layer processes.

Bretton Woods
http://www.palgrave.com/products/Catalogue.aspx?is=0230524958
The International Monetary System, the IMF, and the G–20.

Cambrian
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/cambrian/camb.html
Provides an overview of the Cambrian period.

Carboniferous
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/carboniferous/carboniferous.php
An overview of the Carboniferous period.

cascade
http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/94149200-d4c7-4228-9eea-0520f645d400/files/protocol-1.pdf
AUSRIVAS, Parsons et al. (2002).

Catchment Abstraction Management Strategies (CAMS)
http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/cams
Sets out CAMS policy.

cellular automata
http://www.mjyonline.com/CellularAutomataUses.htm
Website with clear and useful explanations on cellular automata and on which the example is based.
http://uncomp.uwe.ac.uk/genaro/Cellular_Automata_Repository/Software.html
A variety of cellular automata can be found at this website.

Cenozoic (Cainozoic)
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/cenozoic/cenozoic.html
An overview of the Cenozoic period.

census
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/137664/Census_geography.pdf
For more detail on census output areas.

Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science (CSISS)
http://www.csiss.org/
The CSISS website.

choice modelling
http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_briefs/2007/RAND_RB9204.pdf
A full explanation of choice modelling on pdf at Rand Europe’s website.

clearinghouse
www.fgdc.gov/library/factsheets/documents/chouse.pdf
The geodata.gov portal.

Club of Rome
http://www.clubofrome.org
Club of Rome website.

Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/faq/index_en.htm
European Commision Agriculture and Rural Development website for FAQs.
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/policy-perspectives/policy-briefs/05_en.pdf
European Commision Agriculture and Rural Development website with objectives of the CAP 2014–2020.

contiguous zone
http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_historical_perspective.htm
UN discussion of the Treaty on the Law of the Sea.

conveyor belt
http://www.peep.ac.uk/content/1873.0.html
Website of Physics & Ethics Education Project (PEEP).

co-occurrence
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/technical/nra/nri/
Natural Resources Conservation Service website.

core–frame concept
http://www.etsg.org/ETSG2006/papers/Brand.pdf
Brand and Bhatti (2006) on the core region of Madrid.

cover crop
http://www.apaari.org/cover-crop-survey/
APAARI website with 2012–2013 Cover Crop Survey.

Cretaceous
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mesozoic/cretaceous/cretaceous.html
An overview of the Cretaceous period.

critical cartography
http://slab.scripts.mit.edu/wp/links/critical-cartography/
MIT SLAB website.

crop rotation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farming_systems_in_India
Wikipedia entry about crop rotation in India.

crowd-sourcing (crowdsourcing)
http://www.openstreetmap.org/
OpenStreetMap site.
http://www.sensysmag.com/spatialsustain/whats-the-distinction-between-crowdsourcing-volunteered-geographic-information-and-authoritative-data.html
Matt Ball’s blog.

data acquisition
http://sourceforge.net/directory/science-engineering/scada/os:windows/freshness:recently-updated/
Source of free data acquisition applications.

datum
www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/datum/datum_f.html
Website providing an exhaustive list of datums.

decentralization (deconcentration)
http://www.decentralisation.gov.ie/
Decentralization in the Republic of Ireland.

deglobalization
http://www.tni.org/article/virtues-deglobalisation
Transnational Institute website listing 11 principles of deglobalization.

degrowth
http://www.greeneuropeanjournal.eu/tag/degrowth/
Degrowth magazine.

deprivation
http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/docs/pdfs/07-49285-ecosoc-book-2007.pdf
Describes circle of deprivation.
http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/Info.do?m=0&s=1421082598620&enc=1&page=analysisandguidance/analysisarticles/indices-of-deprivation.htm&nsjs=true&nsck=false&nssvg=false&nswid=1226
UK indices of deprivation.

desegregation
mitsloan.mit.edu/neudc/papers/paper_269.pdf
Estevan et al. (2010) paper ‘Dynamic Desegregation’.

development
http://data.worldbank.org/
World Bank development indicators.

Devonian
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/devonian/devonian.html
An overview of the Devonian period.

disability; geographies of disability, welfare, and social exclusion
http://www.daa.org.uk/index.php?page=social-model-or-unsociable-muddle
Disability awareness in action.

distributed mapping
http://code.google.com/p/distmap/wiki/Manual
A good website to start looking at distributed mapping.

Earth Summit
www.earthsummit2012.org
Website of Earth Summit 2012.

Earth system science (ESS)
http://link.springer.com/journal/volumesAndIssues/12040
Online Journal of Earth System Science.

economic dynamism
http://www.kauffman.org/
Website of the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.

economic geography
http://www.springer.com/economics/economic+theory/journal/191
Online Journal of Evolutionary Economics providing more about the aims and scope of this discipline.

EFTA
http://www.efta.int/
The EFTA website.

elevation
http://www.livephysics.com/tools/misc-tools/find-elevation-data-earth-locations/
An interface to query locations on the Earth for elevation data.

energy
http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/world.html
Energy Administration Information.

Environment Agency
http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/
The Environment Agency website.

Environment Directorate
http://www.oecd.org/env/
The Environment Directorate on the OECD website.

European Economic Area
http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/customs_duties/rules_origin/preferential/article_782_en.htm
The European Economic Area defined on the European Commission website.

European Union (EU)
http://europa.eu/index_en.htm
The European Union website.

European Water Framework
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-framework/index_en.html
The EU Water Framework Directive website.

factor analysis
http://www.real-statistics.com/multivariate-statistics/factor-analysis/
Website with online tutorial on factor analysis using Microsoft Excel.

failed state
http://nuimgeography.wordpress.com/?s=failed
Website of NUIM with failed state index.

famine
www.fews.net
The famine early warning systems network.

fault
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/glossary/
The USGS Visual Glossary provides definitions and outstanding photographs.

fertility
http://esa.un.org/wpp/Documentation/pdf/WPP2012_Volume-I_Comprehensive-Tables.pdf
UN website with tables on estimated and projected total fertility for the world, development groups, and major areas (p. 11).

film
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~strauch/Geog425/Geog425.html
Website for Geog. 425 syllabus—a really useful resource.

flashy
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs117-03/
USGS description and depiction of effects of flash flooding precipitation on desert geomorphology during El Niño years.

flying geese theory
www.gsb.columbia.edu/cjeb/research
Ozawa (2010) provides a thorough critique of the theory at Columbia University website.

FRAGSTATS
http://www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/downloads/fragstats_downloads.html
The Fragstats download page.

Framework Convention on Climatic Change (FCCC)
http://unfccc.int/2860.php
The UN Framework Convention on Climatic Change.

frost creep
http://www.uspermafrost.org/glossary.php
The US Permafrost Association glossary.

fumigation
edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/HS/HS20100.pdf
Cockx and Simonne article on University of Florida website.

genetic modification
http://www.esrc.ac.uk/my-esrc/grants/RES-062-23-0642/outputs/read/f4e2c8ea-bf3a-42cd-9a08-24bf220225c4
ESRC web pages for funding and guidance.

geocomputation
http://www.geocomputation.org/2003/Abstracts/Junyan_Abs.pdf
A survey of geocomputational techniques in spatial data analysis.

geoinformatics
http://www.geoinformatics.com
Geo Informatics website.

glacial erosion
http://www.swisseduc.ch/glaciers/
Glaciers online’s thumbnails of glacially eroded landforms.

glacier retreat (glacier recession)
http://glacierchange.wordpress.com/2014/03/30/khatling-glacier-retreat-uttarakhand-india/
Satellite pictures of the Khatling glacier, Uttarakhand, India, between 1998 and 2013.

Glen’s Flow Law
http://www.antarcticglaciers.org
Website of Antarctic Glaciers organization.

global city
http://courses.nus.edu.sg/course/geoywc/publication/Habitat_2001.pdf
Yeung and Olds on the global city.

global civil society
http://www.lse.ac.uk/internationalDevelopment/research/CSHS/civilSociety/yearBook/yearbookArchive.aspx
Global Civil Society Yearbook, full of useful ideas and information.

global value chain
https://globalvaluechains.org/
Global value chains.

greenhouse effect
http://cdiac.ornl.gov/
The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre.

headcut
http://www.feather-river-crm.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4&Itemid=4
Website of Plumas Corporation, which focuses on the economics of natural resources.

heterotrophe
http://bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au/learning/resources/Mycology/Feeding/heterotrophy.shtml
Website on Fungal biology.

homelessness, geography of
http://www.geog.qmul.ac.uk/homeless/
Research into homelessness.

Human Development Index (HDI)
http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/nhdr/
The Human Development Index database.

hunger
http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/The-312/December-2012-1/The-Geography-of-Hunger-in-Chicago/
Chicago Magazine on hunger.

inequality
www.jrf.org.uk/knowledge/findings/housing/2077.asp
The Joseph Rowntree Foundation study of poverty and wealth across Britain.

informal sector (informal economy)
http://www.gdrc.org/informal/1-is_concept.html
The informal sector.

integrated land-use and transportation models
www.clw.csiro.au/heartlands
The Heartlands Initiative.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
http://www.ifad.org/governance/index.htm
The IFAD website.

International Geosphere–Biosphere Programme (IGBP)
http://www.igbp.net/
Website of IGBP.
http://www.ilo.org/global/lang--en/index.htm
Website of the ILO.

International Monetary Fund
http://www.imf.org/external/work.htm
The IMF website.

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
http://www.iom.int/
Website of IOM.

Jurassic
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mesozoic/jurassic/jurassintro.html
An overview of the Jurassic period.

just city
http://web.mit.edu/cis/jerusalem2050/
MIT’s ‘Just Jerusalem’.

land capability
http://www.thelist.tas.gov.au/asdd/ANZTA0015000028.html
A model of changes in land capability for Tasmania.

land classification
http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/x0596e/x0596e00.htm
The FAO Land Cover Classification System.

land management
http://ec.europa.eu/research/environment/index_en.cfm
EC Environment Research website.

landscape studies
http://www.foundationforlandscapestudies.org/index.php?p=sitelines
Site/Lines: the social life of landscapes.

landslide
http://rainfallthresholds.irpi.cnr.it/
Worldwide database of empirical rainfall thresholds for the possible occurrence of landslides.

least developed country (LDC)
http://unctad.org/en/Pages/ALDC/Least%20Developed%20Countries/The-Least-Developed-Countries-Report.aspx
UNCTAD’s Least Developed Countries Report.

lightning
http://www.ametsoc.org/
American Meteorological Society.

marginalization
http://www.torontohealthprofiles.ca/onmarg_faq.php#faqcom
Ontario marginalization index.

Mesozoic
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mesozoic/mesozoic.html.
An overview of the Mesozoic era.

micro-credit
http://www.grameen.com/
Grameen Bank website.

net radiation
http://www.physicalgeography.net/
Michael Pidwirny on net radiation and the planetary energy balance.

neural network
http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/computing/
Imperial College computing website.

new trade theory
http://econ.ucalgary.ca/node/294
Website of U. of Calgary, Dept. of Economics, ‘Krugman on Krugman’.

nitrogen cycle
http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/9s.html
Michael Pidwirny on the nitrogen cycle.

ontology
http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/ontology
UK Ordnance Survey ontologies.

Ordovician
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/ordovician/ordolife.html
An overview of the Ordovician period.

Organization of African Unity (OAU)
http://www.un.org/popin/oau/oauhome.htm
The African Union website.

Organization of American States (OAS)
http://www.oas.org/en/default.asp
The OAS website.

pahoehoe
http://www.bgs.ac.uk/opengeoscience/
Website of OpenGeoscience, British Geological Survey.

Palaeozoic
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/paleozoic/paleozoic.html
An overview of the Palaeozoic era.

Partition
http://postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/partition-of-india/#ixzz2r27reITR
Partition in postcolonial studies.

people’s geography project
http://peoplesgeographyproject.org/
Website of The People’s Geography Project.

Permian
http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/palaeofiles/permian/intro.html
Bristol University website.
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/permian/permian.html
An overview of the Permian period.

photogrammetry
http://www.isprs.org/
Website of International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.
http://www.uwec.edu/geography/Ivogeler/w188/articles/noplace.htm
Ingolf Vogeler’s lecture notes about placelessness.

place names
http://monderusse.revues.org/135
Arseny Saparov on the alteration of place names in Soviet Armenia.

Pleistocene
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/quaternary/ple.html
An overview of the Pleistocene epoch.

political ecology
http://www.iisd.org/publications/pub.aspx?pno=705
An overview of the potential violent conflict in pastoral communities.

poverty
http://povertydata.worldbank.org/poverty/home
World Bank Poverty and Equity data.
www.undp.org/poverty/
Official website of the United Nations Development Programme.
http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/2005
Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.
http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2005/
The Human Development Report.

Precambrian
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/precambrian/precambrian.html
The divisions of Precambrian time.

process model
http://www.geosoft.com
Geosoft website with Hollyer explanation of process model approach.
http://oss.deltares.nl
Delft3D Open Source Community website will give all you need for fluvial, marine, and sedimentary processes.

radiometer
http://freegeographytools.com/2007/avhrr-analysis-add-on-for-ilwis
AVHRR Hydrological Analysis system.

regression analysis
http://www.le.ac.uk/bl/gat/virtualfc/Stats/regression/regrcorr.html
University of Leicester website of online statistics.

relationality
http://oro.open.ac.uk/7763/01/Interdependence.pdf
Smith et al. on interdependence.

renewable resource
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/energy/renewable_energy/l27065_en.htm
The 2013 update of the Renewable Energy Roadmap.

river restoration
http://www.therrc.co.uk/index.php
The UK River Restoration Centre has case studies.
http://www.ecrr.org/
The European Centre for River Restoration has a useful bibliography.

rugosity
http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/coralreef/coral2008/
Monitoring of coral reef ecosystems.

salinization
http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/library/themes/Salinization/
European Land Management and Natural Hazards Unit on soil salinization.

SAPRIN
http://www.saprin.org
The SAPRIN website.

shit, geographies of
http://www.wsp.org/sites/wsp.org/files/publications/WSP-esi-india.pdf
Online version of ‘Economic Impacts of Inadequate Sanitation in India’.

Silurian
http:www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/silurian/silurian.html
An overview of the Silurian period.

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
http://www.english-nature.org.uk/special/sssi/notification.cfm
The Board of Natural England’s SSSI website.

Snowball Earth
http://www.snowballearth.org/overview.html
Snowball Earth website.

social cohesion
www.coe.int/t/dg3/Social Cohesion - Council of Europe
Council of Europe website.

soil classification
http://www.landis.org.uk/downloads/downloads/Soil_classification.pdf
National soil classifications.

soil erosion
www.soilerosion.net
Erosion data and erosion models.

soil series
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detailfull/soils/home/?cid=nrcs142p2_053587
Soil Survey Staff, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture: Official Soil Series Descriptions.

soil texture
http://www.agri.upm.edu.my/~chris/tal/
TAL software.

stream power
http://water.epa.gov/scitech/datait/tools/warsss/pla_box18.cfm
EPA public access website with RIVERMorph program, which may be used to determine changes in unit stream power and thence to predict any resulting responses by the channel.

Super Output Areas (SOAs)
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/sape/soa-mid-year-pop-est-engl-wales-exp/mid-2011--census-based-/index.html
Names and codes for Super Output Area geography.
http://www.nisra.gov.uk/geography/SOA.htm
Set of slightly revised Super Output Areas (SOAs) on NISRA Geography website.

sustainable development
https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/making-sustainable-development-a-part-of-all-government-policy-and-operations
UK government sustainable indicators.
http://www.indigodev.com/Sustain.html
Indigo Development.

taxonomy
http://www.geog.ubc.ca/biodiversity/eflora/IntroductiontoPlantTaxonomy.html
Electronic Atlas of the Flora of BC.

technoscience
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/sts/locating-technoscience/
UCL’s Locating Technoscience website.

terrorism
http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~cstpv/
Website of the Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence.

third world
http://twnnews.net/
The Third World Network.

tornado
http://www.spc.noaa.gov/faq/tornado/ef-scale.html
The enhanced Fujita scale, which uses 28 tornado damage indicators.

transnationality
http://www.northernperiphery.net
The Northern Periphery Programme.

travel-to-work area (TTWA)
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/geography/beginner-s-guide/other/travel-to-work-areas/index.html
Office for National Statistics 1991-based Travel to Work Areas.
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/taxonomy/index.html?nscl=Travel+to+Work+Area
National Statistics, Travel to Work Areas.

Triassic
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mesozoic/triassic/triassic.html
An overview of the Triassic period.

tropical forest
http://www.etfrn.org/
The European Tropical Forest Network.

vadose
https://dl.sciencesocieties.org/publications/vzj
The Vadose Zone Journal, online

wavelets
paos.colorado.edu/research/wavelets
Papers and some software outlining wavelet analysis.

wetland
http://www.constructedwetland.co.uk/resources/recommended-reading/
The Constructed Wetland Association reading list.

Wilson cycle
http://csmres.jmu.edu/geollab/Fichter/Wilson/Wilson.html
Information about the Wilson cycle.

wind energy
www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute
The London School of Economics/Grantham Institute pages on Climate Change and the Environment where Bassi et al. can be accessed.

World Bank
http://wber.oxfordjournals.org/
The World Bank Economic Review and the PovertyNet Newsletters.

world city
http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/citylist.html
GaWC Inventory of World Cities.