Dictionary of Science 6e Companion Website

Here is a list of recommended web links, arranged alphabetically by the relevant dictionary entries:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y Z

A  Top

accelerator
http://www-elsa.physik.uni-bonn.de/accelerator_list.html
A list of world particle accelerators and accelerator laboratories, with links, from the ELSA website at the University of Bonn

acetals
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_460.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

acid anhydrides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_534.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

acoustics
http://www.acoustics.org/index.html
The website of the Acoustical Society of America
http://www.ioa.org.uk/
The website of the UK Institute of Acoustics

actinium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ac/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

activation analysis
http://archaeometry.missouri.edu/naa_overview.html
An overview of neutron activation analysis from the Archaeometry Laboratory, Missouri Research Reactor
https://www.engr.wisc.edu/alumni/perspective/04.1/fingerprin...
A description of neutron activation analysis from the University of Wisconsin

acyl halides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_529.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

Ada
http://www.adaic.org/standards/ada05.html
The Ada 2005 Language Reference Manual

alcohols
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_202.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

aldehydes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_449.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

alkanes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_34.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_36.htm
Further details about nomenclature

alkenes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_53.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

alkynes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_53.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

aluminium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Al/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

americium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Am/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

amides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_543.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

amines
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_398.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of primary amines
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_402.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of secondary and tertiary amines

amino acid
http://biomodel.uah.es/en/model3/index.htm
Interactively depicts molecular structures of all the amino acids using Jmol
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/AminoAcid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

Amphibia
http://amphibiaweb.org/index.html
Hosted by the University of California, Berkeley, gives free access to information about amphibian biology and conservation

ANSI
http://www.ansi.org
The ANSI home page

Anthophyta
http://www.tolweb.org/Angiosperms/20646
A good overview of flowering plant diversity and systematics

antimony
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Sb/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

apoptosis
http://www.biology-animations.blogspot.co.uk/search/label/ap...
Brilliant introduction to apoptosis with clear graphics and intriguing animations

Arachnida
http://www.arachnology.be/Arachnology.html
Descriptions and pictures for all orders of arachnids, plus societies, special spider pages, and even arachnids in literature

argon
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ar/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

aromatic compound
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_61.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

arsenic
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/As/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Aspect experiment
http://www.drchinese.com/David/Aspect.pdf
The original 1982 paper in Physical Review Letters

astatine
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/At/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

astrochemistry
http://www.strw.leidenuniv.nl/iau34/
The website of the astrochemistry work group of the International Astronomical Union

atomic force microscopy
http://www.nanoscience.com/products/afm/technology-overview/
An account of the technique from Nanoscience Instruments Inc

Aves
http://www.birdlife.org/worldwide/index.html
Global partnership of organizations involved in bird conservation

azine
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

azo compounds
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_377.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

 

B  Top

bacteria
http://www.textbookofbacteriology.net/
Online textbook of bacteriology devised by Kenneth Todar, University of Wisconsin-Madison

barium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ba/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Bell's theorem
http://www.drchinese.com/David/Bell.pdf
The original 1964 paper in Physics

berkelium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Bk/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

beryllium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Be/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

biochemistry
http://www.biochemweb.org/
A virtual library of biochemistry, cell biology, and molecular biology

biology
http://www.biology.arizona.edu/
This University of Arizona website contains useful links to various fields of biology, including biochemistry, cell biology, and human biology

biophysics
http://www.biophysics.org/
The website of the Biophysical Society

bismuth
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Bi/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

black hole
http://hubblesite.org/explore_astronomy/black_holes/home.html
A NASA website with information about black holes

bohrium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Bh/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

boron
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/B/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

bottled gas
https://www.boconline.co.uk/en/sheq/gas-safety/identifying-g...
Information on colour coding of gas containers

Boyle, Robert
http://www.bbk.ac.uk/boyle/
The Robert Boyle project at Birkbeck College, London

brain
http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/index_d.html
Multilevel exploration of brain structure and function, sponsored by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research

bromine
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Br/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Brownian movement
http://www.matter.org.uk/schools/content/BrownianMotion/Defa...
A description of the concept, using a series of simulations, from the University of Liverpool’s Matter Initiative for Schools.
https://web.lemoyne.edu/giunta/perrin.html
Jean Perrin's paper

Bryophyta
http://bryophytes.plant.siu.edu/
A resource devoted to mosses, liverworts, and hornworts from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

buckminsterfullerene
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/fullerene/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature and representation of fullerenes and related compounds

 

C  Top

C
http://www.open-std.org/JTC1/SC22/WG14/www/docs/n1256.pdf
The current C standard

cadmium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Cd/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

caesium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Cs/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

calcium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ca/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

calcium fluoride
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_fluorite(final).htm
An interactive version of the fluorite structure. This link no longer works and we are unable to find a suitable alternative.

californium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Cf/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

cancer
http://www.cancerquest.org/
Extensive multimedia coverage of cancer biology and different types of cancer, produced by Emory University.

carbohydrate
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

carbon
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/C/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

carboxylic acids
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_480.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

CAS registry
http://www.cas.org/expertise/cascontent/registry/regsys.html
Further information from the CAS site

cell
http://www.cellsalive.com/toc_cellbio.htm
Overview of cell biology, with animations and illustrations, from Cells Alive!

cell division
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/baby/divide.html
Animation comparing mitosis with meiosis

cerium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ce/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

CERN
http://public.web.cern.ch/Public/Welcome.html
The CERN public website

certificate
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3280
The Internet X509 specification

ChemDraw
http://www.cambridgesoft.com/
The CambridgeSoft website, giving details about ChemDraw and associated software

ChemSketch
http://download.cnet.com/ACD-ChemSketch-Freeware/3000-2054_4...
Details and download from Advanced Chemistry Development website

chlorine
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Cl/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

chromium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Cr/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

climate change
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climatechange/
Overview of climate science and the mechanisms of climate change, from the UK Met Office.

close packing
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CubicHexagonalClosePacking.html
An interactive version of cubic close-packing
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/HexagonalClosePacking.html
An interactive version of hexagonal close packing

Cnidaria
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/cnidaria/cnidaria.html
Part of the comprehensive website of the University of California Museum of Paleontology, providing a useful summary of cnidarian biology and systematics

cobalt
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Co/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

COBE
http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov/product/cobe/
The NASA website for the COBE project

Compton effect
http://www.aip.org/history/gap/Compton/01_Compton.html
Compton's original 1923 paper in The Physical Review

conductivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_3/2_3_7.html
Values of thermal conductivity for a range of materials at the NPL

Coniferophyta
http://www.tolweb.org/Conifers/26634
Well-illustrated survey of conifer biology, hosted by University of Hawaii

constellation
http://www.iau.org/public_press/themes/constellations/
Information about constellations, including clear star charts, from the International Astronomical Union
http://www.ianridpath.com/boundaries.htm
A discussion of how the present constellation boundaries were established by the IAU in 1930

continental drift
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/geology/anim1.html
Animation of continental drift during the earth's history

coordination compound
http://old.iupac.org/reports/provisional/abstract04/RB-prs31...
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

copper
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Cu/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

cosmology
http://www.astro.caltech.edu/~lgg/
The home page of the Caltech Observational Cosmology Group
http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/gr/public/cos_home.html
A cosmology website run by the University of Cambridge

Crustacea
http://tolweb.org/Crustacea/2529
Overview of crustacean phylogeny at the Tree of Life web project

crystal lattice
http://departments.kings.edu/chemlab/animation
An interactive version of the structures of a range of crystals from a US Navy website
http://www.ch.cam.ac.uk/teaching/crystals
Interactive 3D crystal models from the University of Cambridge

cubic crystal
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_simplecubic(final).htm
An interactive version of a simple cubic crystal
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_bcc(final).htm
An interactive version of a body-centred cubic crystal
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_ccp(final).htm
An interactive version of a face-centred cubic crystal

Curie, Marie
http://www.aip.org/history/curie/contents.htm
A comprehensive website about her life and work run by The American Institute of Physics Center for History of Physics

curium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Cm/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

cycloalkanes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_60.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

cyclophane
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/phane/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

cyclotron
http://www.youtube.com/user/nsclmedia
the US National Superconducting Cyclotron Society's You Tube channel

 

D  Top

dark matter
http://cdms.berkeley.edu/
The home page of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search Experiment

darmstadtium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ds/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Darwin, Charles
http://darwin-online.org.uk/
The complete works of Charles Darwin online

decay
http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Halflife/halflife.html
Values of radionuclide half-lives at the NIST website

density
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_2/2_2_1.html
Values of densities of commonly used materials at the NPL website

depression of freezing point
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/raoult.html
Raoult's original paper

diazo compounds
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_377.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

dinosaur
http://internt.nhm.ac.uk/jdsml/nature-online/dino-directory/
A Dino Directory produced by the Natural History Museum, London; contains a wealth of information and images

DNA
http://www.dnaftb.org/dnaftb/
An animated primer on basic aspects of DNA, genes, and heredity; produced for the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

Döbereiner's triads
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/dobereiner.html
Döbereiner's original paper

Document Object Model
http://www.w3.org/DOM
The WSC's DOM page

domain name system
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1034
Introduction to the Internet domain name system
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1035
Domain names – implementation and specification

dubnium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Db/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Dulong and Petit's law
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/petit.html
A translation of the original 1819 paper in Annals of Philosophy

DVD
http://www.dvdforum.org
The DVD Forum home page

dwarf planet
http://www.iau.org/public_press/news/release/iau0603/
International Astronomical Union 2006 General Assembly: Result of the IAU resolution votes. This press release carries the official definition of a planet & dwarf planet
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Dwarf
NASA's explanation of the IAU's definitions of `planet' and `dwarf planet'

dysprosium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Dy/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

 

E  Top

earth
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/
NASA's earth observatory

Echinodermata
http://tolweb.org/Echinodermata
Overview of echinoderm characteristics and phylogeny from the Tree of Life Project

eclipse
http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
NASA's eclipse Website, a fully comprehensive site maintained by Fred Espenak at the Goddard Space Flight Center, near Washington DC

ecosystem
http://www.millenniumassessment.org/en/index.html
The latest Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Reports commissioned by the United Nations

Einstein, Albert
http://www.aip.org/history/einstein/
A comprehensive website about his life and work run by The American Institute of Physics Center for History of Physics

einsteinium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Es/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

electrolysis
http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c123/eltlysis.html
An introductory guide to electrolysis from the University of Waterloo, Ontario

electron microscope
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/electronmicroscopy/m...
A tutorial featuring virtual scanning electron microscopy, created by the Optical Microscopy Division of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

embryology
http://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/
Hosted by the University of New South Wales, this dynamic site explores human embryology and development

endangered species
http://www.iucn.org/
Official website of the IUCN

entropy
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~GIUNTA/clausius.html
Translations of papers by Clausius on entropy (1850) and the second law (1865), published in Annalen der Physik und Chemie

enzyme
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iubmb/enzyme/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

erbium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Er/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

esters
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_511.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

ethers
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_227.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

europium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Eu/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

evolution
http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/home.php
Understanding Evolution, created by the University of California Museum of Paleontology, covers the evidence for and mechanisms of evolution

expansivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_3/2_3_5.html
Values of the expansivity of selected liquids and solids at the NPL website

eye
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/anatomy_of_the_eye/article_em...
Gross anatomy of the eye, from emedicine

 

F  Top

fermium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Fm/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

fibre optics
http://www.arcelect.com/fibercable.htm
A comprehensive tutorial from Arc Electronics

fluorine
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/F/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

francium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Fr/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

fundamental constants
http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Constants/
Values of fundamental physical constants from NIST

fungi
http://www.tolweb.org/Fungi/2377
Tree of Life survey of fungi, including phylogeny plus many links to other sites

fused ring
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_63.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

 

G  Top

gadolinium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Gd/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

gallium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ga/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

genetics
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/
Essential genetic topics described using entertaining animations, produced by the Genetic Science Learning Center of Utah State University

geodetic effect
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/gpb/index.html
The home page of NASA's Gravity Probe B experiment to investigate the geodetic effect

geomagnetism
http://geomag.usgs.gov/
The website of the USGS National Geomagnetism Program
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_7/2_7_6.html
geomagnetic data at the NPL website

germanium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ge/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

global positioning system
http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/ato...
FAQ covering the global positioning system provided by the US Federal Aviation Administration

gold
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Au/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

gravitational waves
http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/
The home page for the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)

gravity
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/missions/grace.html
The home page of the NASA/JPL Gravity Recovery and Climate experiment to make precise measurements of the earth's gravitational field

 

H  Top

hafnium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Hf/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

hassium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Hs/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

helium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/He/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Hexapoda
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/life/insects-spiders/inde...
This section of the Natural History Museum's website highlights various insect groups and other aspects of entomology

holmium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ho/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

hominid
http://www.becominghuman.org/
Interactive documentary narrated by palaeontologist Donald Johanson and presented by the Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University

HTML
http://www.w3.org/TR/html401
The HTML (version 4.01) specification

HTTP
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616
The HTTP (version 1.1) specification

hydrazones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

hydrogen
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/H/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

hydrogen spectrum
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/balmer.html
A translation of Balmer's 1885 paper on the spectral lines of hydrogen in Annalen der Physik und Chemie

hydroxylamine
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_409.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

 

I  Top

imides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_543.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

imines
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_406.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

immunity
http://www.path.cam.ac.uk/~mrc7/lecturenotes/
Lecture notes from an immunology course prepared by Mike Clark in the Department of Pathology, Cambridge University

indium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/In/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

iodine
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/I/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

iridium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ir/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

iron
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Fe/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

isonitrile
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_557.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

isotope
http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Compositions/index.html
Isotopic compositions at the NIST website

IUPAC
http://www.iupac.org/
The IUPAC home page

IUPAP
http://www.iupap.org/
The IUPAP home page

 

J  Top

JavaScript
http://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/JavaScript
Mozilla's documentation for JavaScript

JMol
http://jmol.sourceforge.net/
Details and a download for JMol from SourceForge

Jupiter
http://www.astronomycast.com/astronomy/episode-56-jupiter/
Transcript of 2007 podcast discussion between Fraser Cain and Dr Pamela Gay, astronomer, writer, podcaster and teacher

 

K  Top

ketals
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_460.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

ketene
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_292.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

ketones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_453.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

krypton
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Kr/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Kuiper belt
http://www2.ess.ucla.edu/~jewitt/kb.html
The Kuiper Belt Home Page, maintained by David Jewett, one of the co-discoverers of the first known Kuiper belt object in n1992

 

L  Top

lactams
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_521.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

lactims
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_521.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

lactones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_521.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

lanthanum
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/La/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

law of octaves
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/newlands.html
John Newlands' paper

lawrencium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Lr/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

lead
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Pb/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Le Chatelier's principle
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/lechat.html
Le Chatelier's original paper

Lense-Thirring effect
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/gpb/index.html
The home page of NASA's Gravity Probe B experiment to investigate frame dragging
http://lhc.web.cern.ch/lhc/
The Large Hadron Collider home page at CERN

lipid
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/lipid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of lipids

Lissajous figures
http://www.magnet.fsu.edu/education/tutorials/java/lissajous...
An interactive simulation of an oscilloscope producing Lissajou's figures from the University of Florida

lithium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Li/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

liver
http://www.britishlivertrust.org.uk/
Summary of liver anatomy, functions, and diseases, compiled by the British Liver Trust

lutetium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Lu/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

 

M  Top

magnesium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Mg/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

magnetic resonance imaging
http://www.cis.rit.edu/htbooks/mri/inside.htm
Comprehensive online textbook covering all aspects of magnetic resonance imaging

magnetism
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_6/2_6_6.html
Values for the magnetic properties of materials at the NPL website

Mammalia
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00bfyvp
The Life of Mammals website from the BBC

manganese
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Mn/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Mars
http://www.skymania.com/wp/welcome-to-planet-mars/
A comprehensive guide to Mars and how to observe it
http://www.google.com/mars/
Google Mars-interactive images of the planet

meitnerium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Mt/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

mendelevium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Md/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

mercury
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Hg/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Michaelis-Menten curve
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/menten.html
Original paper on Michaelis-Menten kinetics

Michelson-Morley experiment
http://www.aip.org/history/gap/Michelson/02_Michelson.html
The original 1887 paper in The American Journal of Science

microbiology
http://www.sgm.ac.uk/
Homepage of the Society for General Microbiology

Millikan, Robert Andrews
http://www.aip.org/history/gap/Millikan/01_Millikan.html
One of Millikan's original papers (1911) in The Physical Review

molecular biology
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/molecular-biology/#1.2
Webpage from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy summarizing the history, concepts and experimental approaches of molecular biology

Mollusca
http://www.malacsoc.org.uk/
Website of the Malacological Society of London, dedicated to the advancement of knowledge and research on molluscs

molybdenum
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Mo/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

moon
http://www.lunarrepublic.com/atlas/index.shtml
Lunar Navigator Full moon atlas
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/expmoon/
Exploring the moon: a site devoted to the US Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions

Moseley's law
http://www.chemistry.co.nz/henry_moseley_article.htm
Original paper on the law

muscle
http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio201/muscle/mustut.htm
Interactive tutorial identifying the principal muscles of the human body

mutation
http://www.dnaftb.org/dnaftb/27/concept/index.html
First of two topics on mutation from the online resource DNA From The Beginning

 

N  Top

Nematoda
http://nematologists.org/
Website of the Society of Nematologists. Education Committee link accesses many images of nematodes

neodymium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Nd/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

neon
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ne/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Neptune
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Neptune
NASA's introduction to the planet and its moons

neptunium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Np/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

nervous system
http://www.innerbody.com/image/nervov.html
Basic interactive guide to the anatomy of the human nervous system; from Human Anatomy Online

neutrino
http://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/sk/index-e.html
The US website for the super-Kamiokande neutrino observatory

neutron
http://www.nature.com/physics/looking-back/chadwick/index.html
Chadwick's 1932 letter to Nature on the discovery of the neutron
http://www.spsobserver.org/2007/observer_spring.pdf
A review of the background to Chadwick's discovery of the neutron, from the American Institute of Physics

New General Catalogue
http://spider.seds.org/ngc/ngc.html
The interactive NGC Catalog online, hosted by the Students for the Exploration and Development of Space [SEDS]

nickel
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ni/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

nickel arsenide structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_NiAs(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

niobium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Nb/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

nitriles
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_557.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

nitrogen
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/N/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

nobelium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/No/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Nomarski microscope
http://www.olympusmicro.com/primer/techniques/dic/dicovervie...
Overview of Nomarski microscopy with interactive tutorials, from Olympus Microscopy Resource Center

NSOM
http://www.eng.utah.edu/~lzang/images/Lecture_16_NSOM.pdf
An account of the technique

nuclear fission
http://www.thenakedscientists.com/HTML/articles/article/lise...
Background to Lise Meitner's co-discovery of nuclear fission

nuclear fusion
http://www.chemteam.info/Chem-History/Rutherford-1934b/Ruthe...
Rutherford's 1934 paper in Proceedings of the Royal Society

nuclear magnetic resonance
http://www.cis.rit.edu/htbooks/mri/inside.htm
A comprehensive online textbook covering all aspects of magnetic resonance imaging

nuclear reactor
http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf32.html
The website of the World Nuclear Association; an association of companies in the nuclear industry

nucleic acid
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_557.htm
Information about UIPAC nomenclature

nuclide
http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/chart/index.jsp
An interactive chart giving detailed information on all nuclides, from the National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory

 

O  Top

olfaction
http://www.cf.ac.uk/biosi/staffinfo/jacob/
Entertaining tutorial on the sense of smell compiled by Tim Jacob of Cardiff University

omega-minus particle
http://www.bnl.gov/about/history/discoveries.php
A bubble-chamber photograph of the discovery of the omega-minus particle

organometallic compound
http://old.iupac.org/reports/provisional/abstract04/RB-prs31...
Information about IUPAC nomenclature
http://old.iupac.org/reports/provisional/abstract04/RB-prs31...
Further information about nomenclature

osmium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Os/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

overtones
http://www.epa.gov/ozone/science/sc_fact.html
Description of the ozone layer, its depletion, and steps to protect it, produced by the US Environmental Protection Agency

oximes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

oxygen
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/O/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

ozone layer
http://www.epa.gov/ozone/science/sc_fact.html
Description of the ozone layer, its depletion, and steps to protect it; produced by the US Environmental Protection Agency

 

P  Top

palladium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Pd/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

parasitism
http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/DPDx/
Comprehensive descriptions of human parasites feature in this diagnostic website from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

peptide
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/AminoAcid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature of peptides

periodic table
http://www.webelements.com/
The WebElements table produced by Mark Winter at the University of Sheffield
http://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt.html
Over 50 different forms of the periodic table in the Chemogenesis web book by Mark R. Leach

peroxides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_245.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

persistent organic pollutant
http://www.pops.int/
Official Stockholm Convention site

phosphorus
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/P/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

photometry
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_5/2_5_3.html
Photometric data available at the NPL website

photosynthesis
http://www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/cfb/Photosyn...
Summary of photosynthesis, with illustrations and animations, compiled by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Pisces
http://australianmuseum.net.au/Fishes
The Australian Museum Fish Site, an extensive site catering for fish enthusiasts at various levels.

planet
http://www.iau.org/public/faq/
The International Astronomical Union's Question and Answer Sheet about planets
http://www.nineplanets.org/
A multimedia tour of the planets, the sun, and the other members of the solar system

plant
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/Map1.html
Movable hyperbolic tree of plant phylogeny, devised by `Deep Green' and hosted by the University of California, Berkeley

platinum
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Pt/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Pluto
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Pluto
NASA's introduction to the planet and its satellites

plutonium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Pu/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

pollution
http://www.worstpolluted.org/
The Blacksmith Institute's top ten worst pollution problems facing the world

polonium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Po/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

polymer
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/rssop/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

Porifera
http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/informat...
Overview of the sponges, including their biology and classification, from the University of Michigan's Museum of Zoology Diversity Web

potassium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/K/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

praseodymium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Pr/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Primates
http://anthro.palomar.edu/primate/
Wide-ranging account of primate characteristics and taxonomy, compiled by Dennis O'Neil, Palomar College, California

promethium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Pm/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

protactinium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Pa/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

protein
http://www.biochemweb.org/proteins.shtml
Comprehensive survey of protein biochemistry, from the Virtual Library of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Cell Biology

Prout's hypothesis
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/prout.html
William Prout's original paper

 

R  Top

radical
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_569.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_1036.htm
List of radical names

radium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ra/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

radon
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Rn/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

rainforest
http://www.ran.org/
Website for Rainforest Action Network, an international organization that campaigns to protect the rainforests

Raman effect
http://www.uky.edu/~holler/raman.html
The original paper in Nature (1928) by Raman and Krishnan

Raoult's law
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/raoult2.html
Raoult's original paper in Comptes Rendus (1887)

RasMol
http://rasmol.org/
A downloadable version of RasMol

relative atomic mass
http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Compositions/index.html
Values of r.a.m. at the NIST website
http://www.webelements.com/periodicity/atomic_weight/
Information from the WebElements site

Reptilia
http://www.tolweb.org/Amniota/14990
This Amniota page from the Tree of Life Project shows the phylogenetic relationships of reptile groups, birds, and mammals

resistivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_6/2_6_1.html
Values of resistivity for a range of materials at the NPL website

respiration
http://biology.about.com/od/cellularprocesses/a/cellrespirat...
Overview of cellular respiration, with animation and illustrations; from About.com.

rhenium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Re/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

rhodium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Rh/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

RNA
http://www.dnaftb.org/dnaftb/21/concept/index.html
Animated account of the roles of RNA in protein synthesis; part of the `DNA from the Beginning' website

rock salt structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_rocksalt(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

roentgenium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Rg/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

R/S convention
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_630.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

rubidium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Rb/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

ruthenium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ru/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

rutherfordium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Rf/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

rutile structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_rutile(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

 

S  Top

saccharide
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

samarium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Sm/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Saturn
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Saturn
NASA's profile to the planet and its moons

SAX
http://www.saxproject.org
The SAX home page

scandium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Sc/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

scanning probe microscopy
http://www.nanoscience.com/education/tech-overview.html
Overview of scanning probe microscopy techniques produced by Nanoscience Instruments Inc

scanning tunnelling microscopy
http://www.nanoscience.com/education/STM.html
An account of the technique produced by Nanoscience Instruments Inc

seaborgium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Sg/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

seismology
http://www.earthquakes.bgs.ac.uk/
The British Geological Survey seismology home page

selenium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Se/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

semicarbazones
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_469.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

silicon
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Si/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

silver
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ag/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

skeleton
http://www.eskeletons.org/
The e-Skeletons Project site explores the comparative skeletal anatomy of humans and other primates

SOAP
http://www.w3.org/2000/xp/Group
The W3C's XML Protocol Working Group page

sodium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Na/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

solar system
http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/?bodies
Data for the solar system from NASA/JPL

specific heat capacity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_3/2_3_6.html
Values of specific heat capacity for a range of gases, liquids, and solids

spectroscopy
http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/ASD/index.html
the NIST atomic spectra database
http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Handbook/index.html
NIST Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data
http://web.mit.edu/spectroscopy/history/spec-history.html
A history of spectroscopy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Annalen der Physik und der Chemie (1860)

sphalerite structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_blende(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

spinel structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_spinel(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

stem cell
http://www.stem-cell-forum.net/
Website of the International Stem Cell Forum, which promotes good practice and progress in stem cell research

steroid
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/steroid/
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

strontium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Sr/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

sulphanes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_197.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

sulphonic acids
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/93/r93_503.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

sulphoxides
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_460.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

sulphur
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/S/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

superconductivity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_6/2_6_4.html
Properties of superconducting elements at the NPL website

surface tension
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_2/2_2_5.html
Values of surface tension at the NPL website

synchrotron radiation
http://www-als.lbl.gov/
Website of the Advanced Light Source facility at Berkeley
http://www.diamond.ac.uk/
Website for the Diamond Light Source at Harwell

 

T  Top

tantalum
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ta/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

taste
http://www.cf.ac.uk/biosi/staffinfo/jacob/
A tutorial on the sense of taste, compiled by Tim Jacob of Cardiff University

TCP/IP
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc793
The TCP (version 4) specification
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc791
The IP (version 4) specification
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2460
The IP (version 6) specification

technetium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Tc/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

tellurium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Te/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

terbium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Tb/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

terpenes
http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_12.htm
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

thallium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Tl/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

thermodynamics
http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch21/ch...
A tutorial from the Division of Chemical Education, Purdue University, Indiana
http://www.codata.info/resources/databases/key1.html
Thermodynamic properties from the Committee on Data for Science and Technology

thorium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Th/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

thulium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Tm/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

tin
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Sn/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

titanium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Ti/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

tungsten
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/W/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

 

U  Top

Unicode
http://www.unicode.org
The Unicode Consortium home page

UNIX
http://www.unix.org
The Open Group's UNIX page

uranium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/U/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Uranus
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Uranus
NASA's introduction to Uranus and its satellites

URI
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986
The URI specification

UTF-8
http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode5.0.0/ch03.pdf
Details of UTF-8 encoding from the Unicode (version 5) standard

 

V  Top

vanadium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/V/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

Venus
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Venus
NASA's profile of Venus
http://planetologia.elte.hu/venusz-terkep-elte-ttk-kavucs.pdf
Maps of the surface of Venus

virology
http://www.virology.net/
Website for All the Virology on the WWW, a major portal for virology resources via the internet

viscosity
http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_2/2_2_3.html
Values of viscosities of liquids at the NPL website

vitamin
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vitamins-minerals/pages/vitamin...
Information and advice on vitamins and minerals from from NHS Choices

vitamin A
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/ret.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

vitamin B complex
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/B12.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

vitamin C
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/B6.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

vitamin D
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/D.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

vitamin E
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/misc/toc.html
Information about IUPAC nomenclature

VoIP
http://www.packetizer.com/ipmc/h323_vs_sip/
A comparison of H323 and SIP
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3261
The SIP specification

von Baeyer nomenclature
http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/vonBaeyer/
Information about the IUPAC system

 

W  Top

WMAP
http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/
The NASA site for WMAP

work function
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/tables/photoelec....
Values given on Carl Nave's HyperPhysics site at Georgia State University

wurtzite structure
http://www.chemtube3d.com/solidstate/_wurtzite(final).htm
An interactive version of the structure

 

X  Top

xenon
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Xe/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

XML
http://www.w3.org/XML
The W3C's XML page

XML schema
http://www.w3.org/XML/Schema
The W3C's XML schema page

XPath
http://www.w3.org/TR/xpath20
The XPath (version 2.0) specification
http://www.w3.org/TR/xpath
The XPath (version 1.0) specification (still very widely used)

X-ray crystallography
http://www-structmed.cimr.cam.ac.uk/Course/Overview/Overview...
An illustrated introduction to the principles of X-ray crystallography, compiled by Randy Read, University of Cambridge

XSL
http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt20
The XSLT (version 2.0) specification
http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt
The XSLT (version 1.0) specification (still very widely used)
http://www.w3.org/TR/xsl11
The XSL-FO (version 1.1) specification

 

Y  Top

ytterbium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Yb/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

yttrium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Y/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

 

Z  Top

Zeeman effect
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1902/ze...
Nobel lecture by Pieter Zeeman after receiving the Nobel Prize for physics, 1902

zinc
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Zn/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site

zirconium
http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Zr/key.htm
Information from the WebElements site