The Entry Page

This page covers the following topics:

The entry display

Entry display book details

The cover, title, and bibliographical information are at the top of the page.

  • Print Publication Date: This is when the print edition was published
  • Published to Oxford Reference: This is when the online edition was added to Oxford Reference
  • Current Online Version: This is when the title was last updated online. Please note, all titles that were on Oxford Reference Online and the Oxford Digital Reference Shelf which moved to the new Oxford Reference site will, until they are updated in forthcoming years, display the date they moved to the new site.

The entry text appears immediately below.

entry text

Links to other entries

Links to other entries in OR are displayed on the left. Click on any of the links to navigate to that entry.

links to other entries panel

  • More on this Topic: links to entries on the same topic in other OR books.
  • View overview page for this topic: displays the Overview page for the topic.
  • Related Content, In this Work: links to related entries in the current book.
  • Related Content, Related Overviews: links to Overview pages related to this topic.
  • View all related overviews: click here to view all Overview pages with related content in a search results list.
  • Related Timelines: links to Timeline events that link to this entry (where applicable).
  • Other Online Resources: searches for this book in other online resources (such as ProQuest Literature Online), depending on what is available under your library subscription.

To toggle between displaying and hiding any of these links, click the appropriate upward arrow or downward arrow.

Searching within a book

search within work box

To search for a term within a book:

1. Type or paste the term you want to find in the Search box.

2. Click search button or press Enter.

3. The entries containing matching results are listed.

4. Click on any entry to open it.


cross-reference text

Cross-references to other entries are displayed in blue. Follow a link by clicking on it.

Outputting information

Printing an entry

To print the current entry, click print button. A printable version is displayed in your browser which can then be printed or saved.

Saving an entry

To save the current entry, click save button, and follow the instructions given.

Citing an entry

Click cite button to display a page containing a citation to the current entry. You can choose from the formats: MLA, APA, and Chicago. The citations can be copied and pasted directly into academic work.

You may export citations to personal citation management programs in the following formats: EndNote, ProCite, ReferenceManager, RefWorks, BibTex, and Zotero.

Sending an email link

To send an email link of the current entry, click email button. Fill in the details as appropriate. The email will contain a link to the current entry only, which will be valid for the next two weeks.

Social bookmarking

To share a link to the current book or entry on a social bookmarking site (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Googlemail, etc.), click add button and choose one of the options.

Changing text size

To switch between standard (default) and large text use the text size button buttons.

Find in Library, Google books, and Find at OUP.com

Oxford Reference shows ‘Find at oup.com, ‘Find in Library’, and ‘Google Preview’ buttons to any user who does not have full-text access to the content they are viewing (i.e. when a user is unauthenticated, or is authenticated to an account that does not have access to that content item).

find in library button looks up the current book in an external library search (specified by your library administrator).

To look up the title in Google Books, click Google preview button.

Use Find at OUP.com to find out more information about the book from the Oxford University Press website and to find out whether you can buy it in other formats. Please note:

  • the content of the print and online versions of the same title can differ, so the print format version of the work you are buying  does not necessarily contain the same entry content as the online version you are viewing on Oxford Reference. This is because we dynamically update our Quick Reference online content between new print editions.
  • If you get no results from the Oxford University Press website for the edition which you have access to online, then it is worth doing a search on the book title as you might find that a more recent edition is available in print or other formats.



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