urban political ecology
If one component of political ecology is the study of political struggles for control over natural resources, urban political ecology is easy to define, and Swyngedouw and Heynen are its begetters: ‘the political programme of urban political ecology is to enhance the democratic content of socio-environmental construction’ (Swyngedouw and Heynen (2003) Antipode 35, 5). N. Heynan (2006) calls for ‘more equitable distribution of social power and a more inclusive mode of the production of nature’; see Myers (2008) Urb. Geog. 29, 3.