The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Society and culture
  • Cookery, Food, and Drink


Show Summary Details


Gustavus Franklin Swift


Quick Reference

Gustavus Franklin Swift (1839–1903) was the eponymous founder of one of America's largest and best-known meat-processing companies. He is credited with introducing refrigeration to food transportation networks, but his greater ...

Reference entries