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A monastery at Constantinople, founded probably before 454 by Studios, who in that year became a consul. Its monks were notable defenders of Chalcedonian orthodoxy. In 799, monks from Saccudium, led by St Theodore, reinforced the community. He introduced a new rule, based on that of St Basil; manual work played a larger part and discipline was strict, but emphasis was laid on patristic learning. Studios became a model for E. monasticism, and influenced the monks of Mount Athos.

Subjects: Religion

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