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1 The establishment of an international, national, or industrial agreement concerning the specification or production of components – electrical, electronic, or software – or equipment in general, or of procedures for the use or testing of equipment or software.

2 The act of committing an organization to use specific standards to meet particular needs whenever they arise within the organization. Typically an organization might standardize upon use of a specific compiler for some language, some specific application package, or a particular database management system.

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