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The scholarly study of society, an ancient pursuit dating at least to classical Greece, if not earlier, that was systematized with linkages to economics, politics, history, demography, and vital statistics by 19th century scholars, including the French social scientist Émile Durkheim (1858–1917), the German sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920), the German political philosopher Karl Marx (1818–1883), and a host of 20th century successors. Modern sociology is concerned with the analysis of social problems and with explanation of social phenomena and trends, and has a broad interface with public health, through social work, medical sociology, community surveys and social research, and social epidemiology, and in diverse other ways.

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