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Thomas Hobbes (1588—1679) philosopher

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state of nature

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712—1778) French philosopher and writer

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social contract

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A term dating to the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and made explicit by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) that describes the desirable and usually mutually accepted forms of interaction among individuals and groups in their social environment. Modern political philosophers give the term a particular meaning: an unwritten agreement regarding rights and responsibilities between a state and its citizens.

Subjects: Social sciences

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