Treaty of Shimonoseki
(17 April 1895)
The treaty between China and Japan that ended the Sino-Japanese War (1894–95). With her navy destroyed and Beijing in danger of capture, China was forced to grant the independence of Korea, pay a large indemnity, grant favourable trade terms, and cede Taiwan, the Pescadores Islands, and the Liaodong peninsula (including the naval base at Port Arthur, now Lüshun). International pressure forced the return of Port Arthur and the abandonment of the claim to the Liaodong peninsula shortly afterwards, but Japanese domination over north China had been established.