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Treaty of Sèvres

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A treaty, part of the Versailles Peace Settlement, signed between the Allies and Turkey, effectively marking the end of the Ottoman empire. Adrianople and most of the hinterland to Constantinople (now Istanbul) passed to Greece; the Bosporus was internationalized and demilitarized; a short-lived independent Armenia was created; Syria became a French mandate; and Britain accepted the mandate for Iraq, Palestine, and Transjordan. The treaty was rejected by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who secured a redefinition of Turkey's borders by the Treaty of Lausanne (see Versailles Peace Settlement).

Subjects: History

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