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Two slices of bread enclosing a filling (meat, cheese, fish, etc.). Invention attributed to the 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718–92) who spent long periods at the gaming table and carried a portable meal of beef sandwiched with bread.

Decker sandwiches consist of several layers of bread, each separated by filling; Neapolitan sandwiches are decker sandwiches made with alternating slices of white and brown bread. Open sandwiches (belegte brote, smørrebrød) consist of a single slice of bread, biscuit, or small roll. See also bocadillo; croque monsieur; uitsmijter.

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