Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Related Content

Related Overviews

Llywelyn ap Gruffydd (c. 1225—1282) prince of Wales

Llywelyn ab Iorwerth (1173—1240) prince of Gwynedd

Dafydd ap Gruffydd (d. 1283) prince of Gwynedd

Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c. 1208—1246) prince of Gwynedd

See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • History
  • Regional and National History

GO

Show Summary Details

Overview

prince of Wales


Quick Reference

The title ‘prince of Wales’ was not of great antiquity when it was bestowed by Edward I on his 16‐year‐old son Edward In 1301. Dafydd ap Llywelyn had taken the title prince of Wales in 1244, though he failed to gain papal recognition, but Henry III was forced to acknowledge Llywelyn ap Gruffydd in the 1260s. Llywelyn was killed in 1282. The adoption in 1301 was presumably a gesture of conciliation by Edward I, though the tradition that his infant son, born in Caernarfon castle, had been shown to the people is a later invention. Of the 21 holders of the title since 1301, 14 have succeeded to the throne.


Reference entries