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prince of Wales

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The title ‘prince of Wales’ was not of great antiquity when it was bestowed by Edward I on his 16‐year‐old son Edward In 1301. Dafydd ap Llywelyn had taken the title prince of Wales in 1244, though he failed to gain papal recognition, but Henry III was forced to acknowledge Llywelyn ap Gruffydd in the 1260s. Llywelyn was killed in 1282. The adoption in 1301 was presumably a gesture of conciliation by Edward I, though the tradition that his infant son, born in Caernarfon castle, had been shown to the people is a later invention. Of the 21 holders of the title since 1301, 14 have succeeded to the throne.

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