The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

Related Overviews

Aeschylus (525—456 bc) Greek dramatist

Thucydides (c. 455—400 bc) Greek historian



See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Classical studies


Show Summary Details



(c. 495—429 bc) Athenian statesman and general

Quick Reference

(c. 495–429bc),

Athenian statesman and general. A champion of Athenian democracy, he pursued an imperialist policy and masterminded Athenian strategy in the Peloponnesian War. He commissioned the building of the Parthenon in 447 and promoted the culture of Athens in a golden age that produced such figures as Aeschylus, Socrates, and Phidias.

Subjects: Classical studies

Reference entries

View all reference entries »