The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • History
  • Contemporary History (post 1945)


Show Summary Details


Paris Peace Treaties

Quick Reference

(10 Feb. 1947)

From July 1946 until February 1947, delegates from twenty‐one nations met in Paris to decide on peace terms for Germany's five allies in World War II: Bulgaria, Hungary, Finland, Italy, and Romania. Italy was obliged to cede most of the Istrian peninsula, including Fiume (Rijeka), and some Adriatic islands to Yugoslavia, and the Dodecanese to Greece; Trieste became a free city, a status it retained until 1954. Italy also had to accept some minor frontier adjustments and renounce all claims in Africa. Romania regained Transylvania, but ceded Bessarabia (Moldova) and the northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union. Bulgaria's sovereignty over south Dobrudja, which it had regained from Romania in 1940, was confirmed. Hungary remained limited to its frontiers of the Treaty of Trianon. Finally, Finland had to cede Petsamo to the Soviet Union. A peace treaty with Austria was not concluded until 1955, while bitter Allied disputes over the division of Germany during the Cold War prevented the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany until German reunification in 1990.

Reference entries