offence relating to road traffic
Crimes that are associated with driving vehicles on public roads and related acts. The main offences in this category are careless and inconsiderate driving, causing death by careless or inconsiderate driving, causing death by careless driving when under the influence of drink or drugs, dangerous driving, causing death by dangerous driving, drunken driving, driving while disqualified, driving without insurance, driving without a licence, speeding, ignoring traffic signals, parking offences, and obstruction. Some road traffic offences require notice of intended prosecution. Road traffic offences carry various penalties or combinations of penalties, such as fines, endorsement of driving licence, disqualification from driving, and in some circumstances imprisonment. The court may also make a driving-test order. Many road traffic offences (especially the minor ones) are offences of strict liability. See also driving licence; MOT test; road traffic accidents; road tax; seat belt; vehicle construction and maintenance.