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Indian National Congress

Mahatma Gandhi (1869—1948) political leader and religious and social reformer



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A political campaign by the Indian National Congress organized and led by M. K. Gandhi (1920–22). Its aims were to force further concessions from the British government by organizing the boycotting of the legislative councils, courts and schools, and other symbolic acts. The movement, inspired by Gandhi's satyagraha campaign, was intended to be non-violent but it degenerated into violence and was called off by Gandhi in February 1922 after the murder of a number of policemen by a mob at Chauri Chaura in the United Provinces. The movement failed to win enough support to paralyse government; its chief effect was to mobilize mass support for Congress and to consolidate Gandhi's position in the leadership of the national movement.

Subjects: History

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